English Channel

English Channel

the English Channel (English The English Channel, French La some) connects the North Sea by the road of Dover with the Atlantic. It lies between France in the south and Great Britain in the north. In the channel the British lie Channel islands and the island Wight, which of a Seitenarm, which Solent is enclosed. The largest river, which flows into the channel, is the Seine. Well-known cities at the channel are Le Havre (France), Southampton and Plymouth (both Great Britain).

The channel is about 563 kilometers long and in the broadest place 248 kilometers wide. In the road of Dover, the narrowest place, there is only 34 kilometers width of Dover after Cap Griz Nez. The channel opensfrom the east to the west funnel or Ärmelförmig and has therefore its German name. The channel has an average depth of 120 meters in the proximity of the Atlantiks; at the inlet into the North Sea there is only 45 meters.

ThatFrench department some is designated after the channel.

Table of contents

history

during the last ice ages was partly lower up to 120 meters the water levelas today. The North Sea Coast lay their current situation, the area of the English Channel was about 600 kilometers northern up to the western end mainland. When after the ice age the water began to lift oneself slowly, imagined itself in the southern North Sea basinlarge fresh water lake, which was locked to the west by the Doggerbank northward and by a chalk connection. The chalk between the today's cities Dover and Calais was about 6500 v. Chr. , thus the water of the southern North Sea erodes enough over thatEnglish Channel into the Atlantic to flow off could. Waves and wind erosion clear away the far chalk here, so that the channel widens itself also today still slowly. Only as the water level, formed the continuous North Sea basin continued to rise, so thattoday the water from the Atlantic over the English Channel into the North Sea flows and at the Norwegian coast along into the Atlantic returns.

tunnel project of the canal company

in the year 1875 began the canal company with sing-corroded with a tunnel construction.In England at the same time with Abbotscliff with channel work one began. To 1882 became on both sides approx. in each case. 1,800 meters of tunnels built. Since England was afraid a later invasion by the Frenchmen, the work was stopped around 1882.

euro tunnels

By the euro tunnel connection of Great Britain exists to the Eisenbahnnetz of the European continent since 1994. Important driving connections are from Dover to Calais, from Cherbourg to Portsmouth and from fleece singing to Sheerness.

navigation

due to with daily400 to 500 ships of high traffic volume it comes again and again to collisions:

  • The eleven years old liquefied petroleum gas carriers „Ievoli Sun “sinks to 31. October 2000 with 6.000 tons of poisonous chemicals and lies since then into 70 meters of depth. Parts of the biologically degradableChemicals ran out in the following days.
  • The 15 years old autotransporters „Tricolor “sinks after a collision to 14. December 2002 with 2.871 luxury cars on board. In the consequence further ships collide with the wreck, that with Niedrigwasser only scarcelyout of the water rose up. It took nearly two years, which wreck into nine parts to saw and abzutransportieren.
  • The chemistry tankers “Ece loaded with 10.000 tons phosphoric acid sinks after a collision to 31. January 2006.

There is so far no seriousEnvironmental damage by larger Tankerunfälle occurred.

trivia

  • in the navigation the name is uncommon „English Channel “; instead one speaks of „the English channel “.
  • For the first time became the English Channel durchschwommen to 24. and 25. August 1875 of the Englishman Matthew Webb.It needed for the distance from Dover to Calais 21:45 hours and put thereby 73 kilometers back.
  • As a first woman 1926 the US American Gertrude Ederle the English Channel through-swam.
  • The first Englishwoman, who through-swam the channel, was in the year after thoseSecretary Mercedes Gleitze. At a disputed first attempt you succeeded with the second time crossing in 15 hours and 15 minutes. It carried the first waterproof wrist-watch at the wrist: A PR-trick by Hans Wilsdorf, the founder of the company Rolex.
  • The first crossing of the channel with a Gasballon succeeded to Jean Pierre Blanchard (F) and John Jeffries (the USA) to 7. January 1785, already two years after the first balloon flights by the brothers Montgolfier.
  • Louis Blériot flew over in the year 1909 as first humans with the help of its Eindeckers the English Channel.
  • The first telephone call between Paris and London found to 18. March 1891 with the help of one by the English Channel shifted communication cable.

Web on the left of

See also: HGÜ CROSS Channel, alabaster coast, channel swimming

Wiktionary: English Channel - word origin, synonyms and translations


coordinates: 50° 11 ′ 1 " n. Break, 0° 31 ′ 52 " w. L.

 

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