base data
capital: Mbandaka
surface: 403,292 km ²
inhabitants: 4.820.000 (estimated, 1998)
population density: 11.9 Einwohner/km ² (estimated, 1998)
ISO 3166-2: CD-EQ

Équateur (German equator) is a province of the democratic Republic of the Congo with the capital Mbandaka.

Table of contents


the province lies in the northwest of the country and borders in the north on the Central African republic, in the southwest on the province Bandundu, in the southeast on the provinces Kasai Occidental and Kasai Oriental, in the west on the Republic of the Congo and in the east on the province Orientale. Équateur covers a part of the central Congo basin and its edges. South the Ubangi flows to the capital Mbandaka into the Congo.


the basin is inhabited by the Mongo and Ngombe.


the province was already created during the Belgian colonial age. From 1933 to 1947 she was called after its capital Coquilhatville (French) and/or. Coquilhatstad (Netherlands) (today's Mbandaka). 1962 were dissolved Équateur and divided into the provinces Cuvette Centrale (Zentralcuvette) , the Moyen Congo (the central Congo ) and Ubangi. Four years later (1966) the province was restored.

planned dissolution

with the Verabschiedung of a new condition in May 2005 is to be reorganized the Congo. Équateur is to be divided in five new provinces:

  • Équateur with the capital Mbandaka
  • Mongala with the capital Lisala
  • north Ubangi with the capital Gbadolite
  • south Ubangi with the capital Gemena
  • Tshuapa with the capital Boende

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