under public one understands the whole possibly of the persons without each delimitation in the number or by other restrictions, participating in an event or a happening. “Sphere of the private individuals” (Habermas met to the public: Structural change of the public) “net for communicationfrom contents and position-took themselves (...), after the communication density, which organization complexity, and range differentiate to levels, of the episodischen tavern the (...) up to the abstract public " (Habermas manufactured over mass media: Stukturwandel of the public) “

“public meeting”, “public demonstration “, “publicNegotiation " (before court), contrary to “under exclusion the public”. The public of as much as possible events is thereby a democratic principle. Press and broadcast have the task, by reports, reports or direct transmissions the public also over far distances awayto manufacture.

Of internal public one speaks in the connection of larger groups, associations, enterprises or other organizations and bodies. It designates the total number of the persons concerned and is subject to the same regularities and organizational basic patterns as the outside public,however from this one separates and one serves with consideration of the special need for information.

In democratic societies the public plays an important role, because in it (political) the forming of an opinion takes place . The press is important part and mirror of the public. In thisPublic goods are important to connection, which make public possible at all only. An alive public can be seen as basis for the development of civil company.


  • Jürgen Habermas: Structural change of the public. Investigations to a category of the civil society (having IL),Neuwied 1962 (Neuaufl.: Frankfurt A.M. 1990).ISBN 3-518-28491-6
  • Torsten reading course: Public and public opinion. Theories from Kant to Marx 1780-1850, peppering castle: King living & Neumann, 2004.
  • Walter Lippmann: Publicly Opinion (1922) on-line text
  • a well structured first overview offers: Gerd straw Meier: Politics and mass media. An introduction, Baden-Baden 2004, esp. S. 76 FF.
  • Manfred Fassler, Wulf R. Halfoh (Hrsg.): CyberSpace. Communities, virtual colonies, publicnesses, Munich: Finch, 1994, ISBN 3-7705-2951-0

see also

Web on the left of

Wiktionary: Public - word origin, synonyms and translations
Wikiquote: Public - quotations

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