Östergötland is one of the historical provinces (land cape) Sweden, which is in central Sweden (Götaland) and borders in the south because of the historical province Småland, in the west at Västergötland (Vättern), in the north at Närke and then the one country and in the east to the Baltic Sea. Östergötland has a surface of 9.979 km ² and 413,000 inhabitants (2000). Östergötland is administratively a part of the province Östergötlands län.
Table of contents
Östergötland has portion of the southSwedish high country and the centralSwedish lowers. In the center the Östgöta is appropriate for the province - for level, which is from the east extended to the west and a region of great economic importance. North the Östgöta - level lies a distortion zone with steeply ascending hill country, which lower themselves gently northward, and deeply cut lakes and valleys. South the level extend the Ausläufer of the southSwedish high country, a hill landscape with numerous lakes. The coast and the numerous crowds, which are remainders of ice-age Gletschermoränen, form a fourth landscape form. Östergötlands largest river is the Motala flows, which the lake Vättern over several seas into the Baltic Sea drains.
Östergötland has a climate with an annual amount of precipitation of 500-600 mm and an average temperature of -2°C in January and 16°C, mild for this geographical latitude, in July.
Östergötland belongs to the most important agrarian areas of Sweden. The agriculture plays - strongly rationalized - still an important role in the Wirtschafstleben of the province. Industrial development, to industrial centres has itself above all the cities Linköping ( airplane and armaments industry, foodstuffs industry) was various, Norrköping (among other things Ericsson), Finspång (metalworking industry) and Motala develops.
the graves give history of certifications of oldest history, about which most lie in the 1740 grave fields of the province. The oldest settlement is particularly at the coast and provable in the Östgöta level between the coast and the lake Vättern. From the Bronzezeit the grave hills originate approximately around the lake Takern and about 280 rock designs also over 3500 figures, about which most are because of the Motala river, particularly with Norrköping. Rich treasure and grave find give a picture over the cultural development starting from Christi to birth, rune stones, like e.g. the famous Rök stone, supplement the picture.
Already at the beginning of the realm formation in the high Middle Ages Östergötland played an important role; two king sexes, the Sverker and the Folkunger, came from the region. They co-operated closely with the church, which developed early a strong position. At the beginning 12. Century became Linköping bishop seat of a newly formed diocese, which covered Östergötland , Småland , Gotland and oil and. The first monastery of Sweden 12 became in the center. Century in Alvastra based, and with the establishment of the Birgittaordens and its master monastery in Vadstena in 14. Century developed a new religious center. The church played also an important role in the policy. Östergötland was both politically as well as culturally relatively independent in the Middle Ages. It had its own law (Östgötalagen), its own Thing and own lawyers (lagman). These came from the prominent aristocracy sexes and held often also political key positions in the realm.
At the beginning 16. Century dominated the aristocracy and the church, but with the assumption of office Gustav Wasas and the following reformation and the collection of the church goods won the Königtum at power. This led to rebellions 1542-43, and 1544 were begun with the building of a castle in Vadstena, in order to befrieden the region. Thus Vadstena became also an important administrative center. Only 1719 became Östergötland a uniform province (Östergötlands län).
Iron and copper finds led to the establishment of a metalworking industry in 17. Century. End 17. Century and at the beginning 18. Century developed the textile industry, which concentrated around Norrköping. The building of the Götakanals, the railway main line Stockholm - Helsingborg and other railway lines led to a industriellen upswing of the region. In 20. Century set industrial development away (the portion of the persons employed in the secondary sector lies clearly over the realm cut), whereby Linköping developed to the most important industrial city.
objects of interest
in the west the province borders on the Vättern - lake. Along 150 km are enough coast gives it a set of objects of interest: in Vadstena, a religious and administrative center of 14. up to 17. Century, is the saving CCIT monastery, the powerful lock and an intact old part of town. Vadstena is also today still another mirror-image-ritual center of Sweden. North of lies Motala which developed in connection with the building of the Götakanals. South of Vadstena the Omberg, a nature reservation lies, because of whose flank the ruin of the oldest Swedish monastery Alvastra is. Of it one finds of Sweden not far berümtesten rune stone, the Rök stone.
Linköping, Norrköping and Söderköping are three cities worth seeing. Linköping was since the Middle Ages center Östergötlands, bishop seat, Residenzstadt and school city. Worth seeing are the cathedral and the quarter bordering on it, the large open air museum, in that more than 50 timber buildings 18. and 19. Century and the province museum as well as the aviation museum form a small borough. Norrköping is particularly worth an attendance for industrialhistorically interested one. With Norrköping also hundreds of rock designs are from the Bronzezeit with pictures of sun wheels, axes, ships among other things Söderköping was in the Middle Ages one of the most important handels and ports Östergötlands. However a town remained and has itself for much from their charm to receive.
In Östergötland a number of important aristocracy sexes lived. They built also numerous locks, bar-borrow among other things Bjärka Säby , Ekenäs, Finspång , Löfstad , Sturefors and, which are worth all an attendance.
Not least is to be referred here also to the coastal landscape with its numerous crowds.
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Resounding and |
Oil and |
Svealand: Dalarna | Närke | Then the one country | Uppland | Värmland | Västmanland
Norrland: Ångermanland | Gästrikland | Hälsingland | Härjedalen | Jämtland | Honing-lapping country | Medelpad | Norrbotten | Västerbotten