Austrian coastal country
the Austrian coastal country was from center 14. Century until 1918 a crowning country within Austria Hungary and was subordinate to the imperial governor in Triest. Triest was capitaland largest city of the crowning country. It consisted of that, at the upper Adria lain, county Görz and Gradisca, the Mark county Istrien and the realm-direct city Triest, which had its own autonomy 1918 ago in each case.
The coastal country had a size of approximately 8,000 km ² andapprox. 900,000 inhabitants (1910). From the inhabitants nearly half of Italians, one quarter of Slovenes , was a fifth Croat and straight times 5% Germans.
Triest had enormous economic meaning for the monarchy as the largest sea and commercial port of the Danube monarchy; the opening of the railway line Vienna - Triest was accordingly important. Triest was fully developed by different Austrian emperors. Beside Pola (today Pula) in Südistrien the port of Triest was the most important base of the Mediterranean fleet of the Austrian-Hungarian war navy. Due to the arising tourism the coast of Görz and Istrien had -north and south of Triest - the surname “Austrian Riviera “.
1918 went the coastal country at Italy. After the Second World War it (without Görz and Triest) fell at Yugoslavia. Today Istrien belongs to the independent Republic of Croatia and the north half to Slovenia.The designation coastal country lives on today also in the Slovenian region Primorska (coastal country) .