Žilina

coat of arms map
Wappen von Žilina Žilina in der Slowakei
base data city Žilina
Kraj (landscape federation): Žilinský kraj
Okres (district):

Žilina

surface: 80.03 km ²
inhabitants: 85.278 (31.12.2003)
population density: 1065.57 inhabitants for each km ²
height: 342 m and. NN
postal zip code: 010 XX
preselection: 0 41
geographical situation: 49° 13 ' n. Br,
18° 44 ' o. L.
Kfz characteristic: ZA< /code>, di
municipality code number: 517402
arrangement city: 15 quarters
address municipal office: Mestský úrad Žilina
Námestie obetí komunizmu 1
,011 31 Žilina
official Website: www.zilina.sk
E-Mail address:
Politics
mayor: Ján Slota
Kirche der Heiligen Dreifaltigkeit und Burian-Turm in Zilina
church of the holy Dreifaltigkeit andBurian tower in Zilina

Žilina (German Sillein, Hungarian Zsolna, Polish Żylina) is an important center of the northwest Slowakei, has zirka 85,000 inhabitants and lies to the Waag in the Žilinská kotlina (Silleiner boiler). The city is capital of the landscape federation Žilinský kraj and thosemost important city of the district of the same name.

Table of contents

history

Early history and Middle Ages

the city Žilina is an old settlement place (paleolithic age, Lausitzer culture, Puchaer culture). In the time Grossmährens was here a slawische/slowakische settlement. In 12. Century stood here a Roman church.

In the Middle Ages Žilina was only a town(less than 1000 inhabitants). The first source voucher comes from 1208 in the form terra de Selinan (see below). The center of the old slawischen city Žilina was in the proximity of the church of the holy king Stephan in the quarter Rudiny. The church remained until today asthe only monument from this time receive.

In the proximity of the old city, the end 13. Century was destroyed, put German Kolonisten from the schlesischen principality to Te at the beginning 14. Century a new settlement on. The year ago 1312 Žilina received municipal rights. 1321Žilina got the noticing right as well as the mile right by the king Karl Robert awarded. The city became the center of handicraft, trade and administration for numerous municipalities of the northwest Slowakei. To the most valuable documents document of the king Ludwig I., the called Privilegium per Slavis, belongs.the large one from the year 1381. With this document social, economic and above all national contradictions between Slowaken and Germans were regulated. The king arranged in the fact that the town councillor is in equal numbers occupied by the Germans and Slowaken, which allegedly “already since the establishment" became so practiced to the city. The portion of the German population decreased already at this time clearly.

municipal law book

the old municipal law book is a very important language monument: Its first part of 1378 into late medium high German contains the municipal law and some prayers of farm servant citizens. SecondPart of 1473 the translation contains of the first part into a slowakisiertes Czech. It concerns here the oldest received right text, which was written in the slowakischen office language at that time. The third part of 1380 - 1524 contain various entries on German, latin as well asin slowakisiertem Czech.

modern times

in 16. Century became the city Protestant. 1610 took place here also the important Synode of Žilina, which specified for the first time a Protestant church organization in the Slowakei (and concomitantly in the royal Hungary). Toward end17. Century began however a strong Rekatholisierung and led because of the heiftigen resistance of the local citizens 1691 to a contract, due to whose in the meantime royal free city lost and to a subject city was reduced its rights.

As consequence of long continuing fights, grasshopper troubles(1693), of flood damages, fires (1521 and 1678 burned the city nearly completely off) and plague epidemic diseases (1710 and 1713) purged the city end 18. and at the beginning 19. Century economically.

19. and 20. Century

to an economicalStimulation came it to the development of the railroad line Košice - Bohumín (1871) as well as the Waag - distance (1883). The city became an important railway junction and received the crucial impulse for the development from industry (1891 cloth factory, 1892 artificial fertilizer factory, 1896 electric motor factoryand others).

Of the 11. December 1918 to 3. February 1919 was Žilina seat of the first (temporary) slowakischen government within Czechoslovakia under the presidency Vavro Šrobárs. To 6. October 1938 was explained here again the slowakische autonomy within Czechoslovakia. The city was alsoScene of the first fights of the Slowaki national rebellion.

After the Second World War here many new enterprises (large slab structure, cold-storage depot, brick work, structural steelworks and others) developed.

At present (2005) an automobile work of the Kia of company develops in the proximity of the city.

1949 - 1960 and since 1996 were Žilina seat of a landscape federation.

The following municipalities were attached the city: Bánová (1970), Budatín (1949), Bytčica (1970), Považský Chlmec (1970), Trnové (1970) and Závodie (1949).

history of the city name

the first source voucher comes from 1208 in the form terra de Selinan. The slowakische name is either of the family name Žila + Possessivendung - ina (i.e. (The village) of Žila), or of the family name Žilin + ending - jane (i.e. The people derived from Žilin/the Žilins). The German as well as Hungarian name form from the slowakischen developed.

objects of interest

market place with arcades (Mariánske námestie)

the city center of Žilina are arranged as Bratislava as very large pedestrian precinct similar, in which purchase possibilities and catering trade dominate.

Other objects of interest:

  • very well received square medieval market place with arcades, with:
  • other churches:
    • catholic parish church (1400 established)
    • Franziskanerkirche (1730 established)
    • Evangelist church (1936 established)
    • synagog (1934 established)
lock Budatín, November 2005
  • lock Budatín in the local part Budatín: A water castle on the north bank of the Waag, those after 1545 around a gothical awake tower outthat 13. Century around was established. The tower was used long time as customs station. The lock became 1849 last - 1923 in the klassizistischen style renew. Today the lock accommodates a museum, whose constant exhibition is dedicated to the wire binder handicraft.

city arrangement

the city existsfrom the following 15 quarters:

  1. Bánová
  2. Brodno
  3. Budatín
  4. Bytčica
  5. Celulózka
  6. Mojšova Lúčka
  7. Považský Chlmec
  8. Strážov
  9. Trnové
  10. Vranie
  11. Zádubnie
  12. Zástranie
  13. Závodie
  14. Žilina with the boroughs Staré mesto, Hliny, Hájik, Solinky, Vlčince and Rosinky
  15. Žilinská Lehota

traffic

Žilina has a station, Bratislava can in approx.2 hours and 40 minutes with the railway to be several times daily reached. Some trolley bus lines and a city bus system are present.

see also

Web on the left of

Commons: Žilina - pictures, videos and/or audio files


coordinates: 49° 13 ' N, 18° 44 ' O



 

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