1. Makkabäer

the first book of the Makkabäer (shortened 1 Makk) is a deuterokanonisches and/or. apokryphes book of the old person of will, briefly before 104 v. Chr. by a nationalgesinnten, law-abiding and with the Makkabäern sympathizing Jew on Hebrew in Palestine one wrote. Only itsGreek translation is received. From its form it concerns a carefully religiously interpreting national historical work.

The book was taken up not in the canons of the Hebrew Bible (Tanach), is however part of the Septuaginta and becomes from catholics and orthodox Christians - notbut of Protestanten - as part of the Bible outstandingly. The Jewish celebration Chanukka takes those on events purchase, in the first and second book of the Makkabäer is described (the Altarweihe and the establishment of an annual intending celebration in 1 Makk 4, 52-59).

Table of contents

contents of

the book tells the history of the independence fights of the Jews against the brightistic rulers of Syria, the Seleukiden (175 - 140 v. Chr.).

The Jews had to suffer various Drangsal under the seleukidischen rule. Trip thatfinally successful liberation struggles was the attempt Antiochos IV. Epiphanes (175 163 v. Chr.) to manufacture in the country a cultural and in particular religious unit. The instruction to the Jews to participate in the Greek-Syrian Kultus encountered broad refusal and resistance; a hard pursuit followed this.

The leaderthe rebellion beginning as guerrilla war became the priest Mattatias with its sons, who erkoren themselves as of God for this purpose regarded. Under their guidance attacked the insurgent ones from different slip angles the Syrians, won more and more appendix in the people and conquered thatfrom the Syrians temples entweihten back. Here the son of the Mattatias Judas, maqqaba, acquired itself most fame i.e. mentioned. Hammer. It continued the work begun by the father and brought the whole country into its force.

From it the name Makkabäer wenton the whole sex of the Mattatias over. As Judas 161 v. Chr. in a battle were, followed it as a leader its brother Jonatan and this Simeon, which calmed the country down completely, please. This transferred 140 v. Chr.the Jews from gratitude the crown and thatOffice of the high priest. Its son Johanan (135 - 106 v. followed it. Chr.).

The second book of the Makkabäer does not represent a continuation of the first book despite its equal reading name; it comes from another author, treats a part of the same events andcontains additional material as well as corrections.


  • 1-2: A cause of the fights
  • 3-9,22: Acts of the Judas (166-161)
  • 9,23-12: Acts of the Jonatan (161-143)
  • 13-16: Acts of the Simeon (143-135)

see also

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