- in January 630 submits Mekka combatless that approximately 10,000 Kriegern Mohammeds, which announces a general amnesty and which “Götzendiener” drives out from the city. In the consequence it most Arab trunks follow.
- Arab Nomadenstämme attacks the Byzantine realm and penetratesfar into the seeing era before. They call this expansion “raid “. In old Europe the word becomes the synonym for “raid “and” assault “. Only in the modern trend it is equated with a police dragnet operation.
- 8. June 632 - Mohammed, founder Islam, dies, its father-in-law Abdallah Abu Bakr, becomes first Kalif of the Muslims. The Shiites regard its seizure of power as an usurpation and regard Ali ibn to Abi Talib as a legal successor Mohammeds. Theresome Arab trunks death Mohammeds use, in order to drop, of prophets led, of the Muslims, assign Abu Bakr the field gentleman Chalid ibn aluminium-Walid their subjecting, which succeeds to him rapidly.
- 634 - Umar ibn aluminium-Chattab becomes the second Kalifen that Muslims selected. In the summer with Adschnadain, southwest from Jerusalem, the first larger victory succeeds to it over the Byzantine troops.
- 634 - The “Diwan “, which roll of the Muslim-Arab army, written in Medina. It regulates the distributionthe war booty from the Byzantine realm. It becomes later the epitome of entire Arab financing.
- In the course of the Islamic expansion the Arabs Syria , Palestine and Jerusalem as well as Mesopotamien 638
- conquer - introduction of the Islamic time calculation by Kalif Umaribn aluminium-Chattab; the beginning of the time calculation is put on the Hidschra of the prophet Mohammed 622.