A cappella

the correct title of this article reads „A cappella “. This way of writing is momentarily not possible due to technical restrictions.

The term A cappella is used traditionally in the sense of „unaccompanied “and describes singing, which does not accompany from music instrumentsbecomes. Since center of the 1990er-Jahre A moves increasing cappella as name for a category of the popular music in the consciousness of the public.

Table of contents

way of writing

as characteristic word in the sense of „unaccompanied “or also „according to kind of the singer chapels “ A cappella small one writes.

As name for the popular music category A is written cappella with a large A.

AsResolution of a compound noun is largely written A in each case and additionally hyphens inserted, to z. B. „A-cappella-composition “.

It (today) is wrong, to write the word „cappella “with only one p. In historical writings, those the word not onItalian ones, but on latin lead back, meet one in addition, this way of writing.

original meaning

the designation A cappella leans against the Italianalla cappella “and originally means music “according to kind of the chapel “; meantthe Sixtini chapel ( cappella sistina) is, in to in 17. Century inside without instrument valley company was sung in principle.

“Meanwhile the Päbstliche music is inside distinctive of others that one does not need dabey an organ or other instruments, but the pieces onlysung. “ (Johann Gottfried roll ago: Musical encyclopedia 1732, page 140).

First one understood by it vowel music, with which (mehrstimmige) the singing was accompanied by music instruments, whereby the instruments played exactly, which the voices sing.

“A capella [sic] (ital.)are called: if Vocal and instrument aluminum voices can be heard at the same time with one another, such that these exekutieren evenly that that those have. “ See: Johann Gottfried roll ago: Musical encyclopedia 1732, page 4.
“A capella, alla capella, D. h. in the Kapellstile, meansin older Kirchenmusiken the movement of the Singstimmen without instruments, or if such accompany the singing, the Fortgehen of the instruments in the Unisono with the Singstimmen. “(F. A. Brockhaus: General German material Encyklopädie for the formed conditions. 1851 Leipzig. 1. Volume, side85)

That means a performance practice of vowel music, which could be very variable represented. After possibility the Kapellmeister consulted existing equipment with the performance . The instruments could double or also replace the Singstimmen.

meaning in 19. Century

During the Wiederentdeckung of the old choir music in 19. Century by a layman of choirs came it to a misunderstanding of the term A cappella, from which a meaning change resulted: Generally linguistic usage was understood now by it a music, those completely on instrumentsdone without and alone on the human voice is based.

Choirs and Kantoreien, which consider today a historical performance practice, pull to their performances of old choir music in the Cappellstil again increase instruments in addition, whereby quite also historical instruments are used.

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Meaning in 20. Century

in 20. New music directions developed century. On the one hand A-cappella-music of earlier times is specified today every now and then without the instrument valley company, which customary years ago was. On the other hand new pieces are also written to purely vocal occupation.

At the beginning 20.Century developed in the USA a new category of vocal small's groups (z. B.The Yale Whiffenpoofs 1909). In Barbershop - manners in CLOSE were sung harmony. 1927 developed after the American model „of the Revellers “in Germany the Comedian Harmonists. They sang with piano company, promoted by their popularity however the purely vocal category much. The A-cappella-music from the Doowop of the 50's took further influences.

Thus popular A-cappella-music becomes nowadays particularly by modern vowel ensembles with four tosix persons specified. Beside many purely male and mixed ensembles there are only few purely female groups (e.g. the Teñoritas). As song - material on the one hand special Cover versions of songs become from the Pop - and skirt - range uses, withoutInstruments to be arranged. On the other hand particularly for this written and arranged songs are used.

With the arrangements the individual voices can stand in melody and text equally next to each other. Frequently however one or more voices take over the main voice (in the sense of a solo voiceor a Leadstimme), while the other voices provide for the company. The individual voices (often strengthened by electronic aids and studio technology) individual instruments post in particular the Schlagzeug by Beatboxing.

contemporary examples

important representativesthis strongly of Popmusik and jazz affected category are:

Also in Germany can be spoken at the latest since end of the 1990er years of a development and a propagation of the A-cappella-music. The 6-Zylinder (based 1983) from Münster had of it relevant portion. Into the 1990ern the princes from Leipzig reached a highAdmitting heating degree, whereby they used also instrumentale company beside pure A-cappella-photographs.

Into the 2000er years are particularly successful in the German-speaking countries the meadow Guys.

see also

singing association | Kirchenchor | Chamber choir

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