Abstract expressionism

the abstract expressionism, often also informal painting (kind informel) mentioned is a style in the painting, after that the 2. World war developed and the style directions Kubismus, constructionalism and Surrealismus replaced. For the first time umschloss oneArt trend nearly the whole world, it developed in France (Paris) and at the same time in the USA (New York). Kandinskys early improvisations were a forerunner.

It divides into different currents:

  • The Action Painting developed in the USA mainly represent by pole LOCK, de Kooning, Gorky.
  • The Tachismus developed in Europe (Wols, Fautrier), that similarly as the Action Painting the spontaneous work act the picture the preference/advantage through-composed in former times gave
  • the colour field painting (Colour Field Painting) coined/shaped by the artists , Spontaneous pictures lively by
  • pictures represented by children or spirit patients by the group of CoBrA lyric abstraction all developments of the abstract expressionism it is common Newman ,
  • quiet and

Rothko kind brood (raw art) that the feeling, the emotion and the Spontaneitätare more important than perfection, reason and regimentation.

Table of contents

Abstrakter Expressionismus in den USA

Der zweite Weltkrieg und Hitlers Verfolgung der Judenund die Verdammungthe modern art by the Nazis led to an immigration wave of European avant-garde artists into the United States of America - particularly to New York. This entailed a substantial influence contemporary American artist.

A group of young New Yorker ones Artists created the first trueful American movement, which should have also large influence on foreign artists: the abstract expressionism. It concerns less a style direction than a concept, art in spontaneous way and without the restriction throughto implement conventional forms. Among the prominent forces of the movement Jackson pole LOCK, Willem de Kooning and Mark Rothko ranked. The surrealistische attitude for free creation had an important influence on the beginnings of the abstract expressionism in New York town center.

The roots of the abstract expressionism lie in the work in Russia born of the painter Wassily Kandinsky, for its pictures, which were not gegenständlich, this term for the first time into the 1920er years of the director at that time New Yorker museums of the OF decaying kind, A. H. Barr was used. Painters of the European avant-garde, who came during the Second World War to New York, among them max Ernst, Marcel Duchamp, Mark Chagall or Yves Tanguy, aroused the interest in abstract with American artistsPainting and introduced in the 1940er and 1950er years the abstract expressionism in the USA.

Their goal was it to establish a free and fair society in which the individual can overcome its alienation. The change of the society standshowever no more in the foreground. It concerns to be the individual and self-confident its. It is again and again again constituted before the art and with the art. Of a faith in the progress can briefly after the end secondWorld war and the release of the atom bomb on Hiroschima with the representatives of the abstract expressionism bar-nicely Newman and Mark of Rothko not the speech its. They are strictly speaking at the same time modern and post office-modern. They are modern in their means, alsothose their post office-modern ideas carry out it.
Mark of Rothko had to paint an order received in the year 1958 for New Yorker haute cuisine restaurants a painting. Short time it later drew itself finally annoyed from the project back. It did not want thatits pictures for a decorative purpose were abused. Finally he was an artist of 53 years, who had finally come more in vain after 30 years (unsuccessfully) co-operation in the art scene to fame and acknowledgment, and against it revolted, at the equipment of a restaurantto participate.
If one looks back to Europe and its utopia remembers of a world ideas for example the building house and, which becomes more human straight thereby which the artists cooperate in their codesigning, it becomes clear one that thoseModern one, as one introduced oneself it, their ideals lost and to post office-modern at that time became. He saw himself involved into the art-historical development. Therefore it can be called also modern artists. But by its resort on the timelessIt breaks this development of, further, more beautifully faster to contents, by remaining with itself: “When I recognize myself in A work, than I realize it´s completed”. That makes it post office-modern artist.

Many American painters became also throughsubjective abstractions of the Armenian Arshile Gorky, which had emigrated 1920 to America, and by the ethnic German American painter and lecturer Hans Hofmann, who moved the dynamic interactions of colored surfaces into the center, affects. The next artist generation preferred onecompletely different form of abstraction: Work out medium-mix. To this generation belonged Robert noise mountain and Jasper of John, which used photos, newspaper cuttings and waste objects for their compositions. Pop artists such as Andy be-get, Larry Rivers and Roy Liechtenstein reproduced with sow-IrishAccuracy of everyday life articles and pictures of the American Popkultur such as Coca-Cola bottles, soup doses or Comics. One of the most important artistic movements of the 20-century in the 1950er and 1960er years developed, the Pop kind. Pop kind did not only affect the work of following artists,separate had also an extensive effect on advertising spots, graphics and mode Design.

The pictures of the Pop kind, briefly name for popular kind (popular art) were taken by mass cultures. Some artists, as for example mentioned, multiplied Bierflaschen, the just, soup doses, Comicstreifen, road characterand similar articles in paintings, collages and sculptures. Other integrated the articles themselves in their paintings or sculptures, sometimes in frightening modified form. Materials of modern technologies, how plastics, foam and acryl color became often remarkably painted. The historical ancestors thatPop kind include the work of the Dadaisten , as from the French artist Marcel Duchamp, as well as a tradition, in the U.S. Painting of the 19.und early 20. Century, of trompe l'oeil pictures and other representations of trusted friends of articles. Besides had oneMultiplicity of Pop kind artist with times their living costs of the work as commercial artists earns. The Pop kind movement, caught however only as a reaction against the abstract expressionistischen style in the United States, as well as in Great Britainfrom 1940 and 1950 on, which the Pop kind artist regarded itself as excessively intellectual, subjectively and turning away from the reality.

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