Acholi (people)

the Acholi are a people with somewhat more than a million member, which lives east the white Nile in the north of Uganda in the districts Gulu , Kitgum and Pader as well as in the southern Sudan. The region is called therefore also Acholiland. They speak the nilotische language Acholi. The next related groups are the Lango, Alur, Luo and Shilluk.

Their religion is today usually the Christianity (Protestant or catholic), partially also the Islam. In addition, strong elements of the old religions with protection spirit and ancestor admiration held themselves, found the entrance into the new religions.

Traditionally they added themselves decorative wavy or zigzag scars on Schläfen and cheeks as well as schneckenförnige on the thighs. They settle in round huts with pointedly approaching roofs. The inner walls are cleaned with loam and with red, white and grey decoration verziert. They go holding goats, sheep and cattle with nets and Speeren the hunt and. In the fight became Speere and long, narrow with giraffes - or Ochsenhaut covered sign used. Many gave, in particular their traditional way of life up however since beginning of the rebel fight of the Lord's Resistance Army under Joseph Kony, a Acholi. Many Acholi were driven out and went into the numerous Flüchtlingscamps.

While British colonial rule over Uganda the industrialization concentrated on the south of the country, while the north with the area of the Acholi received relatively little attention. The Acholi constituted however a majority of the members of the military. The increasing contrast led to a coup d'etat of the Acholi under general Tito Okello. This was struck down however by that national Resistance Army under the today's president Yoweri Museveni.

A famous Acholi is a writer and Ethnologe Okot p'Bitek (1931-1982), when its Hauptwerk Lawinos song applies

for literature

  • Atkinson, Ronald Raymond (1999) The root OF ethnicity: the origins OF the Acholi OF Uganda before 1800. Kampala: Fountain Publishers. ISBN 9970-02156-7.
  • Girling, F.K. (1960) The Acholi OF Uganda (Colonial Office/Colonial research studies volume. 30). London: Ago majesty's stationery office.

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