Adolphe Crémieux

Adolphe Crémieux (* 22. April 1796 in Nîmes, † 9. February 1880 in Paris) was an attorney, politician, representative of the Consistoire Centrale of the Juifs Francais and journalist.

Crémieux in Nîmes is born 1796 as a son of a Jewish silk dealer. Still during the first Napoleoni empire it locks into of Paris its law studies. It turns thereupon 1817 into its hometown back, over there as a lawyer by the defense of victims of the political reaction (and. A. to excite the “white terror”) and religious discrimination (above all the Jews) first attention.

1830 begin Crémieux into of Paris its work on the Cour de Cassation, where he itself as a lawyer of insurgent republicans, the Gazette de France in addition, a Minister of the set off king Karl X. a name as defenders of the individual liberty rights makes.

Besides it supports energetically the interests of the Jews within and outside of its homeland. To call is here is first its commitment in „the Consistoire Centrale of the israélites français “, the roof federation of the French Judaismus, to whose president 1843 one selects. In view of the Damascus affair (1840), Crémieux appears to a particularly popular case of a Jew-hostile ritual murder accusation not only as a lawyer of the Judentums, by starting a press offensive against that the Schimäre of the Jewish ritual murder. Beyond that it breaks direction open Orient to an adventurous journey to defend with the intention, the ritual murder accused Jew from Damascus to. Further it fought over years against a discriminating legal practice, which the French Jews forced to a special oath before court, the “more judaico “, until these 1846 finally one abolished. There a further important aspect of its per-Jewish commitment places the assumption presidency of the “Alliance Israélite universal one” in the year 1863. That new combination had made the protection of the Jews in all world it's duty.

There the introduction into the Deputiertenkammer of the French parliament in the year 1842 places the first large step in the political career Crémieux'. In the course of the forties its attitude to the political system of the July monarchy becomes ever more critical. Thus it takes 1847/48 part at the before-revolutionary flanks of the years. On the occasion of the revolution of 1848 its political career reaches its high point. He is appointed after the fall of the July monarchy the Minister of Justice of the provisional government. This it actuated the repressive “September laws” repealed and rehabilitates thereby the freedom of reunion and pressing. In the course of further political unrests, which lead even to its brief arrest (1851), he withdraws forced masses increasingly from the policy and dedicates themselves to its lawyer activity. Only with the fall Napoleon III. and with beginning of the third republic 1870 it returns to the political life of France: first as a member of the government of the national defense, then as Deputierter of the national assembly. It terminates its political career as a senator on lifetime.

Admiration because of its lived human, which was firmly in the ideals of the French revolution embodied of 1789, becomes Crémieux and. A. on the part of the writer Heinrich Heines against brought. This writes over the Crémieux' behavior during the Damascus affair 1840: “Mr. Cremieux, that famous Advocat, which is not only the Jews, but the suppressed one, at each time its grossmüthige Beredsamkeit dedicated to all Confessionen and all Doctrinen [...] probably the only one in Paris, which took care of the thing of Israel thätig. “

Crémieux dies 1880 in Paris as respected size of the public life.


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