the Adriati sea or the Adria (Italian: Mare Adriatico, Albanian: Deti Adriatik, Croatian and Serbian, and/or. Bosnian: Jadransko more (Serbian also Јадранскоморе) or Jadran (Serbian: Јадран),Slovenian:Jadransko morje) is a part of the Mediterranean, which is designated after the city Adria in Italy (province Rovigo). To the Adriati sea everything is counted, what is appropriate north for the road of Otranto. It separates the Apenninhalbinsel of the Balkan Peninsula.
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situation, extents and climate
the Adriati sea are 820 kilometers long and on the average 180 km broad from northwest to southeast. The largest width amounts to about 220 kilometers. It covers a surface of 132,000 square kilometers and is in the north basin(north the Vorgebirges Monte Gargano) on the average between 40 and 200 meters deeply. The southern part is importantly deeper and reached between Durrës and Bari with 1,251 meters its largest depth. The road of Otranto forms the southern conclusion of the sea, where the distance between Italy and Albania of only 71 kilometers amounts to. Its Salzgehalt amounts to in the Mündungsgebiet of the large rivers about 2.5% (Oberflächenwasser) and increases to the south to 3.9%.
The northern part is flat with numerous lagoons,starting from the Po - delta becomes the coast increasingly more steeply. The east coast, into which the predominantly Croatian peninsula Istrien projects, is gebirgig and strongly arranged with numerous islands. The southCroatian landscape Dalmatien takes the main part of the east coast .
The coast of Albania is so far routistic still few opened.
The climate is by very warm, rain-poor summers andmild, partially heavy-rainfall winters characterized. In the summer steady, weak-windy weather conditions prevail forwards. In the winter the Adriagebiet stands under the influence of Tiefdruckgebieten from the Atlantic. Thus it comes occasionally to warm south hoists (Scirocco) and cold north winds(Muck ral, Bora/Bura).
tourism and environmental protection
the tourism is important - many bathing resorts at this sea are European-wide well-known. In Slovenia there is Portorož, Piran, Izola and Koper. InMontenegro Budva. In Italy these are above all Rimini, Jesolo, Caorle, Chioggia and Grado. In Croatia the cities are Rovinj and Opatija, the Croatian islands, Dubrovnik and the Makarska - Rivijera liked destinations.
Therethe northern Adria a “dead end” is, takes place nearly no water exchange with the remainder of the Mediterranean. For 30 years the industry disturbs the unstable equilibrium of the Meeresströmung from the south, the supplies from the mountains and filtered sea waters outthe soil, then the river Po dismisses 50 billion annually Cubic meter strongly loaded water into the Adria (tin, zinc, lead, chrome, copper, arsenic, mercury and oil), altogether transports the river today doublyas many feeding salts as still before ten years. This circumstance leads to the fact that parts of the northwest Adriaküste are afflicted frequently by alga troubles.
In contrast for this is the water quality at the Croatian coast as far as possible protruding.
- in Italy: Triest, Venice inclusive port of Chioggia, Ancona, Bari, Brindisi
- in Slovenia: Koper
- in Croatia: Pula, Rijeka, Ploče, Zadar, Split, Dubrovnik
- in Montenegro: Kotor, bar
- in Albania: Durrës, Vlora
- Croatia: Brač, Cres, Ciovo, Dugi, Hvar, Ilovik, Korčula, Krk, Lastovo, Lopud, Lošinj, Mljet, Pag, Olib, Rab, Sipan, Susak, Vis, Unije u.v.a.m.
Altogether the Croatian Adria counts 1,185 islands, of which many however very small and only 67 are inhabited.
- Montenegro: Sveti Nikola, Sveti Stefan (luxuriöse hotels) and the group of small islands in bay of Kotor: Mamula, Ostrvo cvijeca (the island of the flowers), Gospa od Skrpjela and Sveti Djordje
Web on the left of
- European Union report to the water quality into the Italian Adria
- test results of the water quality in the Croatian Adria, English
- list of ship wrecks inthe Adria
- wind map with wind prognosis ALADDIN for the Croatian coast
- information portal over the Italian Adria
coordinates: 42° 46 ′ 33 " n. Break, 15° 25 ′ 34 " o. L.