Agnes of tooth Harnack

Agnes Harnack, starting from 1914 of Harnack (* 19. June 1884 in pouring; † 22. May 1950 in Berlin), Dr.phil., was a German teacher, an authoress and a civil Frauenrechtlerin.

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you was the daughter of the theologian Professor. Dres. Adolf of Harnack (1851-1930) and the Amalie Thiersch (1858-1937), the granddaughter chemist Justus von Liebig.

Harnack married to 8. December 1919 in Berlin Dr.jur. Karl von Zahn (* 12. December 1877 in Leipzig; † 20. August 1944 in Berlin Zehlendorf), Ministerialrat with army archives in potsdam.


1914 joined Harnack the national woman service . After the end of the First World War it follows the strip packing . At the 11. May 1926 became it in Berlin co-foundress of the German university graduate interior federation (DAB), which three years after with Margarete from Wrangell and Mathilde Vaerting the first German Mrs. Lehrstühle had received, whom universitäre woman formation wanted to promote further. The plan for the establishment of the association decreased/went back on Marie Elizabeth Lüders . Beside tooth Harnack (as chairmen), Lüders and of Wrangell were Ilse Szagunn and a study directress beautiful fount as deputy chairmen, a Dr. Schlüter Hermkes as writing guide and Gabriele Humbert, Dr. Fight and Dr. Lührssen as simple members led. The DAB again followed different Dachorganisiationen and brought further subsidiary organizations out.

1931 tooth Harnack chairman of the federation of German woman associations, which dissolved 1933 under the National Socialist restriction of jedweder academic woman formation, in order by the LV organizations not to be absorbed (so-called synchronising). Besides tooth Harnack was also member of the Evangelist-social combination (regional committee Berlin Brandenburg), their executive committee and others William snow milk ago was.

During the time of the “third realm” tooth Harnack withdrew itself to a large extent from the public, remained however for the circle around Anna Gierke connected, to which also Marie tree, Helmut Gollwitzer, Romano Guardini, Hermann Maas, Theodor Heuss and Elly scarce, Fritz Klatt, Selma Lagerlöf, Martin Niemöller and Alice Salomon belonged.

After the war it closed among other things the peace-moved friend circle of women around Freda wild-hope on, with his work programme for the continuing peace against nuclear weapons protested. Belonged to the circle among other things also Gertrud Bäumer, Elly Heuss scarce, Marie Elizabeth Lüders and Clara of Simson on. Immediately after the Second World War Agnes of tooth Harnack and the further earlier Aktivistinnen met, in order to prepare the establishment of a new “German woman federation”. From this the “citizen of Berlin woman federation developed 1945 registered association”. After the reestablishment the women of the first hour exerted themselves for an association, whose principal purpose should not only lie in caritativer work. They endorsed “an objective on far view”, which meant above all the active political participation of women. For the penetration of local woman politics the BFB sketched very early both a network between federation women, politicians and Expertinnen of the authorities developed - and a “local woman program”. At the constitution committee of the citizens of Berlin town council the BFB submitted the draft peace paragraphs, at the parliamentary advice, that compiled the Basic Law, the draft for a conscientious objection right. Affected by the women's movement at the beginning of the 80's developed the project-oriented work, which constitutes to today an important emphasis of the BFB. The chances are to be improved by large-scale, independent projects by women in training and occupation. Thus the BFB connects the demands of the women's movement at that time after same rights within all social ranges with the toolistic coined/shaped work forms of the today's women's movement. The BFB celebrates this year (2005) its 60-jähriges anniversary.

writings Agnes of tooth Harnacks (in selection)

  • the women's movement. History, problems, goals, Berlin 1928
  • woman question in Germany 1790-1930, zus. m. Hans Sveistrup, Berlin 1934
  • Adolf of Harnack, Berlin Tempelhof 1936; 2. Edition Berlin 1951
  • the Apostolikumstreit of the yearly 1892 and its meaning for the present, Marburg A. L. 1950


  • Gisa farmer: Culture protest anti-mash and early civil women's movement in Germany: Agnes of tooth Harnack (1884-1950), Leipzig, Univ., Theol. Fak., Diss., 2005, publication voraussichtl. Spring 2006
  • Björn of beasts: Critical notes to Agnes of tooth Harnacks „Adolf of Harnack “. In: Quaderni storia the 27 (2001) number 54, S. 223-235
  • Hans Cymorek/Friedrich William count: Agnes of tooth Harnack (1884-1950). In: Woman profiles of the Luthertums. Life stories in 20. Century. Hrsg. by Inge lean, Gütersloh 2005, S. 202-251 (the so far best biographic representation)
  • Genealogi manual of the aristocracy, aristocrat of houses B volume XV, page 212, volume 83 of the total row, C. A. Strong publishing house, Limburg (Lahn) 1984, ISSN 0435-2408.

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