Ahriman or also Ahryman (centralPersian „bad spirit “) is the Persian name form for the avestische Angru Mainyu („bad spirit “, „power of the darkness “, „spirit of the bad one “), which in the religion of the Parsismus donated by Zoroaster the name of the bad principle is, embodied by the adversarythe creator God Ahura Masda, whose twin brother is he.
The Greek writers knew the bad spirit of their Persian neighbours under the name Areimanios; in the Zendavesta still the fuller name form seems to Anromainyus, which „the fear causing spirit “, after another derivative „the striking ordeadly spirit “, means.
Ahriman opposes a negative Gegenschöpfung to each creation. It is the embodiment of all bad one and exciter of the 9999 diseases. Its residence is the underworld, from which it brings darkness , death and mischief into the world. At the end of all timesit goes back however powerlessly again into the darkness.
In the Gâthâs, the oldest part of the Zendavesta, he is called only once expressly, but is already in the Gâthâs the speech of „the two spirit “, those in thoughts, words and works is opposite each other andthe good and bad naturenesses created.
After that 1. Chapter of the Vendidad created Ahuramazda (Ormazd) of in sequence 16 countries, to Ahriman however each time into the same the germ of the misfortune and spoiling put.
After that 19. Chapter of the Vendidad has Ahriman oneto futile attempt made to tempt the Zoroaster (Zarathustra) to the waste from Ormazd to and Zoroaster for his part goes to it and his bad creation with victim and prayer to body.
The requirement of the Ahriman all other bad spirit, whose different kinds are differentiated, is subject after the Zendavesta,and „the bad creatures “- poison queues, Raubtiere, rats, mice, vermin - were created by it.
According to the data of the later religion books, to which however the bases are given already in the Zendavesta and in the reports of the Greeks, world history in four cycles of ever 3000 runsYears. With the third cycle begins the fight between Ahriman and the creatures of the good spirit, which persists 6000 years. Then Ahriman will be destroyed and a new imperishable and glossful world will be created.
In the Mithrareligion and in the Zervanismus Ahriman is admired as God. Itanimals are sacrificed, which belong to bad power. On reliefs of the Mithra Ahriman is represented löwenköpfig with umwundener queue, sometimes with two keys. The assumption to see herein an aspect of the underworld is obvious.
The Anthroposophie sees in Ahriman a nature, inthe Gegenpol to the intoxicationful schwelgenden, world-volatile Luzifer for harmful exaggeration of the materialistic-technical understanding forms. Humans must hold the center between the two natures and their qualities in itself with Christ assistance.
Ahriman is a spirit, that is talented with penetrating the human version strength an exceeding,but cold intelligence, which he locks however for avid in itself. Contrary to Luzifer it appears therefore as the spirit of the darkness and the Widermächte, which would like to collude and block the people soul the entrance to the mental-mental world, around their consciousness ever more to the physicalTo chain physical and limit.< ref> roll ago Bühler:Anthroposophie as demand of our time. Ch. 10 - The mystery of the bad one: Luzifer and Ahriman. S. 137ff< /ref>