Airbus A300

airbus A300-600 of German Lufthansa AG

the airbus A300 is the first airplane, which Airbus Industrie, a union from different airplane manufacturers developed in Europe. The airplane should offer the forehead to the market leader Boeing over-powerful at times of the 1970er years. It was simultaneousthe first twin-jet Widebody - airliner of the world.

1972 could take the first airplanes off of the type A300 B1 and received their permission. The sales ran first sluggishly. After however Lufthansa and Air France integrated the A300 into its fleets, more airplanes of the type were sold.So far 598 airplanes of this type were ordered and 546 pieces were delivered (source: Orders & Deliveries on the airbus Website, conditions 31. October 2005).

By the airbus A300s were built different types, which were marked first by an additive in the designation. The first two prototypes were A300 B1, while the first standard models were A300 B2. The A300s B4 is a medium range variant of the A300s. Starting from 1984 became excluding the substantially modernized model A300-600 and/or. A300-600R (with higher range) built.

A central to long-distance large-capacity aircraft is propelled the A300s, from two turbofans (General Electric CF6 or Pratt & Whitney JT9D) under the bearing areas.

Most copies became as pure passenger planes with approx. 250 seats conceived, but convertible copies left (A300 C4) also on freight transport as well as pure freight machines (A300 F4) the workshops. Since center that 1990er - Years by customers excluding the freight variant the A300, was bought the A300F4-600R. Until including May 2005 for this altogether 135 orders went (source: Airbus type character May 2005).

Presumably in July 2007 the production of the A300 is stopped, around the manufacturing plants for the newer airbus seriesuse to be able (source:Airbus press release (English)). Presumably last distribution will be a A300F4-600R for Fedex in July 2007. Then altogether 878 Widebody - airplanes of the A300/A310 series will have been delivered.

The airbus becomes not at a location, but in portions in international co-operation onseveral locations produces. Parts develop in Great Britain, other components in France and Germany. Between the places wide-body transport planes transport the parts. In Germany (Hamburg-Finkenwerder) then in the long run airworthy carcass develops. The interior fittings as last activity happen in Toulouse, from Toulouse becomethe airbuses also to the customers delivered. This production group is unique in the world, and always times again there were attempts, particularly from France to pull the activities together in the national interest.

Since those ever more largely becoming airplane parts no more of the super Guppy not to be transportedcould and if the Guppies began to become uneconomic a special version which is based on the A300 was developed. The A300-600 sp, by which so far five copies were built, is well-known also under the name airbus Beluga.

The third copy of the A300 (year of construction per built 1973/Serial number 003) was bought to 1998 by the French space agency CNES. Since then the company accomplishes Novespace in its order of parabola flights thereby. The machine is well-known also under the designation A300-ZERO-G.

technical data

Airbus Industrie A300-600R:
Characteristic of data
type Central/long-range aircraft
length 54.08 m
wingspan 44.48 m
wing surface altogether 260.00 m ²
height 16.62 m
drive two turbofan - engines à 249 kN to 273.6 kN
Pratt & Whitney: JT9D-7R4H1 or PW 4158
General Electric: CF6-80-C2A1 or CF6-80-C2A5
maximum speed for cruising 890 km/h in 7.620 m height
Cruising speed for Langstreckenflug 875 km/h in 9.450 m height
of range 6,968 km with 267 passengers and PW4156-Triebwerken
take-off distance 2,332 m
empty weight 78,201 kg with PW4156-Triebwerken
max. Takeoff weight to 165,000 kg with PW4156-Triebwerken

see also

Web on the left of

Commons: Airbus A300 - pictures, videos and/or audio files


 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)