Aischylos (Greek Αισχύλος), also Aeschylos, Äschylos, or Æschylos written, (* 525 v. Chr. in Eleusis, Attika; † 456 v. Chr. in Gela, Sicily) is considered as one of the large Greek tragedy poets, toothose beside it still Sophokles and Euripides to be counted.
Table of contents
to an old aristocracy sex coming of, become Aischylos as a sonthe Euphorion born. As a young man he experiences the fall of the Tyrannis and the democratic reforms of the Kleisthenes of Athens. It becomes enthusiastic early for the dramas of Choirilos and Pratinas and the Dichtkunst of Agathokles and Apollodoros.After the legend it is geweiht by Dionysos themselves in the dream to the poet. In its early pieces it still participates as an actor. At the age of twenty five years it applies for the first time for the victory price of the Dionysien, of thePoet competition, is subject to the city Athens however.
As a soldier it takes 490 v. Chr. for Athens at the battle with Marathon against the Perser part, where it loses its brother. After the destruction of Athens in the year 480 v. Chr.is he on one of the Greek warships at the sea-battle of salamis takes part.
It travels several times to Sicily, so also 475 v. Chr. on invitation of the there king Hieron I. from Syrakus and there Simonides meets the poets, Pin and Bakchylides. For Hieron he writes the festival the RK well gutters.
Back in Athens 472 v. become. Chr. the drama the Perser uraufgeführt, in which it processes its war experiences in dramatic way, and wins the desired price. InIt is subject to contest with Sophokles in the year 468 v. Chr., but altogether he can look back toward end of his life on thirteen victories with the Dionysien.
From its last Sicily journey it does not return. It dies 456 v. Chr. in Gela, where he will also bury. After the legend it was killed by a turtle, some eagle (more probably however a beard vulture, which wanted to use the Glatze of the Aischylos as bone knochenschmiede) to fall left. Its grave Epigramm reads:
Αισχύλον Ευφορίωνος Αθηναίον τόδε κεύθει μνήμα, Aischylos is appropriate here buried, for Euphorions son, the Athener. πεπνυμένον πυροφόροιο Γέλας. In the fruit-rich city Gela defeated it death. Αλκήν δ' ευδόκιμον Mαραθώνειον άλσος however of its Kraft witnesses to Marathons Hain, the famous, αν είποι και βαθυχαιτήεις Μήδος επιστάμενος where the Perser, which curly, it has tested.
In Athens on the message by its death the resolution was seized to let its dramas participate also further (except competition) in the competitions.
The most importantSources for the life of the Aischylos are one in several text handwriting delivered biography, the article in the Byzantine encyclopedia Suda and the entries 48, 50 and 59 in the Pari chronicle, the marble in such a way specified Parium.
in the year 406 v. Chr. Aristophanes in its comedy makes the frogs Aischylos in the contest with Euripides the representative of the old-venerable time and model of the tragic poet. Against center 4. Century v. Chr. becomes its statue besidethose of the Sophokles and Euripides in the theatre of the Dionysos set up.
Its introduction of the second actor revolutionized the Greek theatre by the dialogue made possible thereby. In addition, by language, style and the choice of the myth as topic of the Greek tragedyaffected it its future generations considerably. Its characters are not usual humans from the people, but rise up out of them by their would over-creep passion and character strength, in addition, the strong, schroffe, raised and picture-rich language out.
in accordance with excessive quantity decrease/go back ninety dramas on Aischylos, from which however only seventy-nine to the name after admits are. The particularly praised twenty Satyrspiele went, from that tragedies are all together lost only sieve to keep still complete. Ofits early works to the Trilogie Orestie placed finished briefly before its death a clear artistic development can be recognized - hardly a drama of the world literature exceeded by a rather simple telling style to in its Tragik and thought depth.
- The Perser (472 v. Chr.) (1. Price with the Dionysien)
- the sieved against Theben (467 v. Chr.)
- The Schutzflehenden (463 v. Chr.)
- Orestie (458 v. Chr.), in the parts
- of Agamemnon
- the grave PEND gutters (Choephoren)
- The Eumeniden
- the bound Prometheus (authenticity of some researchers doubted)
the lost and/or. fragmentarily works Aigyptioi
Web on the left of
|Wikiquote: Aischylos - quotations|
| | * Literature of and over Aischylos in the catalog of the DDB
|ALTERNATIVE NAME||Greek: Αἰσχύλος; also Aeschylos, Äschylos or Æschylos written|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||of Greek tragedy poets|
|DATE OF BIRTH||525 v. Chr.|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Eleusis, Attika|
|DYING DATE||456 v. Chr.|
|DYING PLACE||Gela, Sicily|