the academy is a legally ungeschützer term and covers a broad spectrum of public and private research, lehr, education and training facilities.
The term” academy “is derived from the place of the philosopher school of the Platon (see Platonic academy), itself with the Hain of the GreekHero Akademos in Athens found. It existed - if also not constantly - up to its locking by emperors Justinian I. in the year 529.
The academies can be partitioned as follows:
- Academies of the sciences
- institutes for the promotion of scientific and artistic studies
- incomplete developed universities
- other ones
Table of contents
academy of the sciences
Academies of Sciences are scholarly societies for scientific or artistic research.They do not know teachings. Their work carries out itself in common meetings of their members, while that the research results are spoken, which are published then again in minutes of the meeting or papers. These typically nationally maintained autonomy bodies are partitioned, usually in two to three classes a philosophical-historical class, onemathematical-scientific and sometimes a class for art and literature. The close specialized delimitation is today waived, so that nearly all disciplines are represented. The classes have about 30 each to 50 tidy, i.e. usually members originating from the country and about 80 corresponding each, thatusually foreign members are called. In Austria each later tidy member receives first the status of the corresponding member.
The tidy, nearly always honorary members select a president from their rows on time. New members are kooptiert, i.e. course-selected, by tidy members. The spheres of activitythe Academy of Sciences usually lengthy scientific investigations are like the publication of dictionaries, the support of collecting publications like those the Monumenta Germaniae Historica, the Flora Sibirica or from emperor documents the etc.
institutes for the promotion of scientific or artistic studies
already earlyinstitutes were created for the switching of a certain specialized knowledge. Were this mountain academies, building academies, academies of arts, academy of the arts as well as philosophical, theological, educational forest, art, music and right academies. The mountain academy Clausthal became 1775, the mountain academy free mountain Saxonia became 1765 and the mountain academy MontanhochschuleOstrau was created 1716.
The academies operate the theory on universitymoderate basis apart from the research equally and are comparable with a university faculty. They exhibit frequently a development tendency to the university.
incomplete developed universities
under it are primarily philosophical-theological academies, sport academies, medal universities,War academies, military-medical academies, state-medical academies for the training of medical officers, medical advanced training academies, educational academies as the purpose of the teacher formation etc. to understand.
except the mechanisms mentioned develop many academies, which are subject to very different criteria, for z. B. War academy etc.
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