Akklimatisation

under a Akklimatisation or also a Akklimatisierung one actually understands the individual physiological adjustment of an organism changing environmental factors, whereby this adjustment is reversible.

Akklimatisation with humans

the only possibility of adapting the human organism to the large heights is thoseAkklimatisation. By a complex adaptation process the supply lacking of oxygen in large height can become partially balanced. Due to the different ability to the hypoxischen breath drive the adjustment runs with each humans differently. The normal elevatortypical changes express themselves in:

The adjustment process, which runs off in different stages, represents a highly complex, to today not yet completely investigated process. In different adjustment phases first the sunk becomes by increase of the breath and heart minute volumeCO2-Partialdruck balanced. Thus conditionally, develops a respiratory Alkalose, which the body tries to adjust. With that alveolo vascular reflex the oxygen exchange of alveoles and lung capillaries is improved. In the blood it comes to a right shift that hemoglobin - connection curve, weakened by the respiratory Alkalose. Thus the Hämatokrit risesstrongly on, which can lead the flow characteristics of the blood worsened and to a Thrombosebildung. The organism can adapt continuousfrequently up only at heights up to 5500 meters, beyond that begins on a long-term basis the dismantling of all bodily functions. Characteristics for a Akklimatisation successfully run are:

  • on normal valuereturned quiescent pulse
  • would training-in accordance with-eat perseverance achievement
  • deepened respiration in peace and under load
  • increased Urinieren.
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)