Albert Roussel

Albert Charles Paul Marie Roussel (* 5. April 1869 in Tourcoing; † 23. August 1937 in Royan) was a French composer.

life

Roussel, son of a rich Industriellen, already lost its parents in in former times childhood. It grew onlywith his grandfather, the mayor von Tourcoing, and starting from 1880 then with an aunt up. Although it already showed musical inclinations as a child and two years music instruction at the Collège Stanislas in Paris had, it decided for the navy and stepped themselves 1887 as a cadet intothe École Navale, which it left 1889 as a second lieutenant. But also during its naval time, which led him into the far east, it kept its interest in music and made first composition attempts.

1894 acknowledged Roussel its service and began a music study with Eugène Gigout. it changed 1898 to the Schola Cantorum again-created of Vincent d'Indy, at which it held 1902-14 a Professur for counterpoint. 1902 developed also its first important work, the Klaviertrio op.2, for that 1906 the out individual clay packings developed first symphony Le poème de laforêt and followed 1908 the first Violinsonate. These „early “works (the composer was already memo thirties) show still clearly the cyclic form, which was publicised by César Franck and d'Indy.

1908 married Roussel Blanche price oh and went 1909 with it on a long journey through India and Southeast Asia. Its there impressions reflect themselves in the opulenten Orchestersuite Évocations (1910-11) and in the opera ballet Padmâvatî (1914-18). They belong to Roussels of second work phase, which is affected by the Impressionismus, above all the style Maurice Ravels. Impressionistisch is also its most popularWork, the ballet Le festin de l'araignée (the Schmaus of the spider), a colorful narration of lives and death in the insect world.

Although for health reasons with the reserve, Roussel did not serve during the First World War after an activity with the red cross starting from 1915 asTransportation officer, until he was explained in January 1918 for serve unable. He withdrew himself for recovery after Perros Guirec in Brittany , terminated there Padmâvatî and wrote to 1919-21 its second symphony. It is very long, complicated, grüblerisch and with difficulty accessible and became from the public with thatPremiere 1922 schroff rejected. Afterwards Roussel in its third work phase turned to an easier, clearer Neoklassizismus .

1922 acquired Roussel a house in Vasterival with Varengeville at the normannischen coast. Despite his unstable health was unbroken his creative Kraft; developed now a piano concert (1927),two further symphonies (1930 and 1934), a Sinfonietta (1934), a Celloconcertino (1936), ballet the Bacchus et Ariane (1930) and Aenéas (1935) as well as important chamber music. 1929 to its sixtieth birthday he was celebrated in Paris with a large Roussel festival as one of the prominent French composers.Despite an individual style it processed the new contemporary currents in its work and by the younger composers, like Francis Poulenc, Sergej Prokofjew and Bohuslav Martinů, was admired.

Health fastened and exhausted of various organizational activities, he looked for 1937 recovery in the summer inRoyan and died there at a “heart impact”. According to its own desires he was buried on the cemetery by Varengeville.

works

  • of stage works
    • Le Mark hand de sable qui fit. Play music op.13 (1908)
    • Le festin de l'araignée. Ballet Pantomime op.17 (1912)
    • Padmâvatî. Opéra clenchop.18 (1914-18; UA 1923)
    • La naissance de la lyre. Play music op.24 (1923-24)
    • Bacchus et Ariane. Ballet op.43 (1930)
    • Le will de la aunt Caroline. Opéra bouffe (1932-33; UA 1936)
    • Aenéas. Ballet op.54 (1935)
  • symphonies
    • Le poème de la forêt (symphony Nr.1) op.7(1904-06)
    • Symphony Nr.2 B major op.23 (1919-21)
    • symphony Nr.3 g-moll op.42 (1929-39)
    • symphony Nr.4 A major op.53 (1934)
  • further orchestra works
    • Marche nuptiale (1893)
    • Résurrection. Sinfoni play after Tolstoj op.4 (1903)
    • Évocations. Suite for alto, tenor, Bariton, choir and orchestra op.15 (1910-11)
    • Pour une fête deprintemps. Sinfoni seal op.22 (1920)
    • Suite F major op.33 (1926)
    • concert for small orchestra op.34 (1926-27)
    • piano concert G major op.36 (1927)
    • small Suite op.39 (1929)
    • A Glorious Day for military chapel op.48 (1932)
    • Sinfonietta for strike ago op.52 (1934)
    • Rapsodie flamande op.56 (1936)
    • Concertino for Violoncello and orchestraop.57 (1936)
  • chamber music
    • Klaviertrio op.2 (1902)
    • Divertissement for Bläserquintett and piano op.6 (1906)
    • Violinsonate Nr.1 D-moll op.11 (1907-08)
    • Impromptu for harp op.21 (1919)
    • fanfare pour un sacre païen flûte for flute and piano op.27 (
    • 1924), de for Blechbläser and drums (1921) Joueurs
    • , Violinsonate Nr.2 A majorop.28 (1924)
    • Ségovia for guitar op.29 (1925)
    • serenade for flute, violin, Viola, cello and harp op.30 (1925)
    • duo for bassoon and cello or retort bass (1925)
    • Trio for flute, Viola and Violoncello op.40 (1929)
    • Prélude et join-rushed for organ op.41 (1929)
    • caper quartet D major op.45 (1931-32)
    • Streichtrioop.58 (1937)
    • Andante for oboe, clarinet and bassoon (1937)
    • Elpénor for flute and caper quartet op.59
  • of piano works
    • of the heures passent op.1 (1898)
    • Conte à la poupée (1904)
    • Rustiques op.5 (1904-06)
    • Suite fis moll op.14 (1909-10)
    • Sonatine op.16 (1912)
    • Petit canon perpetuel (1913)
    • Doute (1919)
    • L'accueil of the muses (1920)
    • Präludium and joint op.46 (1932-34)
    • Trois morceaux op.49 (1933)
  • choir works
    • 2 Madrigale (1897)
    • Madrigal aux muses for woman voices op.25 (1923)
    • Le de francs for man choir, Blechbläser and Schlagzeug (1926) Psalm
    • LXXX for tenor, choir and orchestra op.37 (1928) bardit
  • songs
    • of 3 early songs (over1900)
    • Quatre of poèmes op.3 (1903)
    • Quatre of poèmes op.8 (1907)
    • La ménace op.9 (1908; also orchestra version)
    • Flammes op.10 (1908)
    • Deux of poèmes chinois op.12 (1907-08)
    • Deux of mélodies op.20 (1919)
    • Deux poèmes de Ronsard for singing and flute op.26 (1924)
    • desert of anacréontiques op.31 (1926)
    • desert of anacréontiques op.32 (1926)
    • Deux of poèmes chinois op.35 (1927)
    • 2 Vocalises (1927-28)
    • O bon vin, où as-do crû (1928)
    • to jazz dans la nuit op.38 (1928)
    • Deux of idyll op.44 (1931)
    • A Flower Given ton my Daughter (1931)
    • Deux poèmes chinois op.47 (1932)
    • Deux of mélodies op.50 (1933-34)
    • Deux of mélodies op.55 (1935)

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