Alberto Fujimori

Alberto Kenya Fujimori (Japanese アルベルト ・ ケンヤ ・ フジモリ Aruberuto Ken'ya Fujimori, also Ken'ya Fujimori [藤森謙也 Fujimori Ken'ya]; * 28. July 1938 in Lima), was a president of Peru of 28. July 1990 up to 17. November 2000, as it because of Corruption and offence against the human rights by the congress of its office were relieved.

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lives

Alberto Fujimori was born according to official data in Lima as a son of Japanese parents, who had pulled 1934 to Peru. It would have defeated, there assumed that its actual native country is Japan, this however a presidency candidacy one as president in Peruto be born must. Its parents were cotton pickers. It studied from 1957 to 1961 agricultural engineer natures to the Universidad Nacional Agraria de la Molina and attained a doctorate. After short training activity it studied mathematics and physics at the university of Strasbourg starting from 1964, France. From 1970 to studied he at the University of Wisconsin and attained a further academic degree with the master OF Sciences.

Back in Peru, he became 1984 Dekan of the scientific faculty of the University of La Molina and rector thatUniversity. Fujimori was twice a president of the national Peruvian commission of the university rectors.

ascent to the president

by a television broadcast became known to Fujimori a broader public. After it was close first the APRA von Präsident Alan García Pérez, it created 1988its own party, Cambio 90. To the presidency elections 1990 Fujimori under the slogan began “honestidad, tecnología, trabajo” (honesty, technology, work) as glaring outsiders. Although from the media only little considers, it profited from the discontent with the traditionaland surprisingly 30.7% of the voices got political currents and the discredited political class of Peru in the first ballot. To the ballot it stepped against the clear favorite, which writer Mario Vargas Llosa on, which began as a candidate of a center right movement. After itselfthe parties that had placed linking clearly against Vargas Llosa, achieved Fujimori a landslide victory with 56,5% of the voices and became a president.

presidency

with assumption of office Fujimoris was characterized Peru of an economic crisis and a hyperinflation. Besides Guerrillaorganisationen controlled, in particular the Maoistic Sendero Luminoso, and terrorist attacks committed far parts of the country.

Against the promises made in the election campaign accomplished Fujimori one „shock therapy “, with the goal of an inflation - and stabilization of prices when large liberalisation the markets. The state apparatusclearly reduced which to a rise of the unemployment ratio led. In the consequence it came to an increase of the informal occupation. The old currency Inti was exchanged in the relationship 1:1 000,000 in Nuevo Sol.

illusory democracy

In the congress the party Fujimoris did not possess majority. After it had come again and again to disputes between the president and the parliament, it solved to 5. April 1992 the congress without advance notice up and suspended the constitutional rights of the Judikative.The dissolution of the parliamentary system of two Houses is generally linguistic usage of Peru as autogolpe (even putsch) well-known. With tolerating and partly also with support that of military established Fujimori one „to government of the state of emergency and the national restructuring “. Not least with the international pressureFujimori had to call still in the same year elections for a constituent meeting (Asamblea Constituyente). This discharged 1993 a new condition. The results of a referendum were not officially confirmed however. Thus the suspicion exists that the condition never thatCorresponded to majority will of the population. In the new condition the a chamber system (Camara de Diputados) was fixed. A second legislative chamber planned in the old condition (Camara de Senadores) was spareless painted. The decentralization advanced to 1990 becamestopped and the regional parliaments dissolved to their place stepped provisional regional administrations by the centre government were designated.

Its „anti-subversive “policy obtained important successes, among them large smashing of the terrorist organizations and the arrest of its prominent heads. It came howevernumerous violations of human rights opposite the terrorists and the civilian population.

To the presidency elections of 1995 the former UN began - Secretary-General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar against Fujimori, but won Fujimori with 62% of the voices. To 17. December 1996 came ita taking of hostages in the Japanese message. Fifteen members of the Movimiento Revolucionario Túpac Amaru (MRTA) stormed during a receipt the Japanese message in Lima and held numerous important personalities as hostages. From the 483 hostages still became in the same eveningover 200 persons, usually women, released. The Geiselnehmer required the release of all arrested Túpac Amaru members, in particular the MRTA boss Victor Polay and his vice Peter Cárdenas trained. In long persisting occupation the rebels released hostages again and again. To 22. April 1997 stormed the army the Japanese message and terminated the taking of hostages bloodily. All fourteen Geiselnehmer, one hostage as well as two soldiers died thereby; 71 hostages were freed.

Although the Peruvian condition actually maximally two terms of office of a president, announced Fujimori planned 1998 a renewed candidacy. A new law with one „authentic interpretation of the condition “was passed. The bill passed the congress without larger discussion, not least because of majority conditions in the congress. The law permitted third to FujimoriOffice period, since the choice cannot be taken into account 1990, since it did not come on basis of the now valid condition from the year 1993.

Delegates of the congress opposition inserted complaint with the constitutional court (tribunal constitucional). The court intended thatTo explain law for with the condition incompatibly. Thereupon Fujimori dismissed three condition judges. The president of the constitutional court withdrew from solidarity from its office. Since the judge posts were not again occupied, the court was incompetent to act, because the necessary majority fora judicial ruling could not come with only three active judges no more. Whereupon began student and trade union protests, who two years persisted long.

crisis and resignation

Fujimori won the elections of 28. April 2000, but gaveit a wave of fraud reproaches. One the opposition leader Alejandro Toledo demanded first unsuccessfully the cancellation of the elections. But later the so-called Montesinos scandal shook few months the government. To 14. September was shown in the television a video, in which Vladimiro Montesinos, one of the most important advisors and gone away Fujimoris, Alberto Kouri bribe handed over opposition delegates to which at a value of 15.000 US Dollar for its crossing into the party of the president. The pressure on Fujimori became so strong that these to 16. September New elections for 2001 announced, to which it did not begin no more.

Fujimori traveled in its characteristic as a president to a meeting to Asia; to whose completion returned it however not to Peru, but traveled further to Japan. In the parliament, inthat had lost its trailer the majority, succeeded it to the opposition to let it explain for incapable of holding office. In a fax Fujimori explained its resignation; the new parliament president Valentín Paniagua Corazao took over kommisarisch up to the new elections the office business of the president.

Fujimori was looked for due to its violations of human rights and further reproaches with international warrant of arrest. Because of its Japanese parents it was safe in Japan before a deportation. With the entry to Chile Fujimori became however because of the existing international warrant of arrest to 7. November 2005 in Santiago arrest.

possible presidency candidacy 2006

Fujimori created and plans a new party with the name Sí, Cumple (on German in approximately “, he holds his word”) to the presidency election in Peru in April 2006 againto begin. The Peruvian congress had it however until 2011 for public posts closed. It could be however that the number of supporters Fujimoris in the congress increases again. Due to its arrest in Chile the successful candidacy Fujimoris is however questionable.

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