Alessandro Manzoni

Alessandro Manzoni

Alessandro Francesco Tommaso Manzoni (* 7. March 1785 in Milan, † 22. May 1873 in Milan) was an Italian writer. Its most important work is the novel I Promessi Sposi (in German translation the bride people or the engaged ones).

ItsFather Don Pietro, at present its birth fifty years old, represented an old family, which had established itself in close proximity to Lecco. The family Feudalherr had been original in Barzio in the Valsassina, where the memory of its brutality is delivered in a proverb, thatit with the fall brooks in the mountains compares. Its nut/mother Giulia had literary talent, and their father Cesare Beccaria was well-known as an author. Alessandro Manzoni learned only slowly, and at the schools, which he visited, one regarded him as rivets. With fifteen it finally developed onePassion for the poetry and wrote two considerable sonnets. When its father died 1805, he pulled 18 to his nut/mother after Auteuil and spent there two years among other things with the literary circle of the ideologists, to a philosophical current. Century. Among them foundit many friends, in particular Claude Charles Fauriel. In addition it sucked ideas Voltaires there up. Only after its marriage he came under the influence of his wife to the passionate catholicism, which colored its later life.

In the years 1806-1807, during its stay in Auteuil,it stepped the first time with two pieces as a poet before the public. The first with the title Urania is written in the classical style, whose most untiring opponent became later he. The other one is a Elegie in free verses on the death of the count Carlo Imbonati, from which it inherited considerable property by its nut/mother, among them the mansion of Brusuglio, which became from then on its main domicile.

Manzonis marriage in the year 1808 with Henriette Blondel, daughter Geneva bankers, turned out as extremely lucky, and he led for manyYears a withdrawn domestic life. Its intellectual energy dedicated he in this period the Inni sacri, to a set of religious seals, and a paper over catholic moral. It undertook this task under religious instruction, as penalty for its earlier waste of the faith.

1818 hadManzoni its parental inheritance sell, since it had lost money to a dishonest broker. On this occasion its characteristic generosity showed up in handling its farmers, who were indebted opposite it. It did not only paint on the place the entries all owed sums to it,separate also offered to them to keep the whole lining up corn harvest for itself.

1819 published Manzoni its first tragedy IL Conte di Carmagnola, who broke all classical conventions and so that kindled a lively controversy. In an article in a literary magazine it became violentcriticized, on which Goethe defended it. The death of Napoleon 1821 inspired Manzonis strong verses IL Cinque maggio (fifth May), which ranks among the most popular lyric poetry in Italian language. The political events of this yearly and the arrest of many of its friends rested heavily on Manzoni,and the historical studies, with which it tried to divert itself during its following retreat on Brusuglio, affected its work.

During the episode of the anonymous one, historically identifiably with Bernardino Visconti, the novel I Promessi began to accept sposi (the engaged ones) shape, the Manzoniin September 1822 completed. When the work was published after revision by friends between 1825 and 1827 as a volume per year, it raised its author immediately into the first rank of literary famousnesses. 1822 it published its second tragedy Adelchi, those from the completionlangobardischen dominance in Italy by Karl acted the large one, and many masked suggestions on the Austrian supremacy contained. With these works Manzonis literary career was practically terminated. It nevertheless revised I promessi sposi laboriously in the toskanische Idiom and published this version 1840, togetherwith a kind follow-up history La Storia della Colonna infamous of very small interest. Likewise it wrote a small paper over the Italian language.

The death of Manzonis wife 1833 followed from several of his children and his nut/mother. he married 1837 again, this time Teresa fount,Widow of the count Stampa, whom it outlived again, while from the nine children from its two marriages only two died after it. The death of its oldest son jetty Luigi to 28. April 1873 was the final impact, which accelerated its end; it got sick immediately anddied at brain skin inflammation . Its country mourned around it with almost royal splendor, and its remnants were accompanied to the cemetery of Milan by an overwhelming corpse course, which included all princes and the highest civil servants. Its most distinguished Monument represents however this Requiem, to firstAnniversary of its death was composed.

Biographic drafts published of Cesare Cantó (1885), Angelo de Gubernatis (1879) and Arturo count (1898). Some of Manzonis letters by Giovanni Sforza (1882) were published.

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