Alexander Matwejewitsch Matrossow

Alexander Matwejewitsch Matrossow (Russian: АлександрМатвеевичМатросов; * 5. February 1924 in Dnipropetrowsk; † 23. February 1943 with Tschernuschki in the Oblast Pskow) was a symbol figure of the Red Army and (postum) hero of the Soviet Union.


soon after the birth it lost its parents and buildup with its grandmother. To whose death came he into the children's home and afterwards the work colony for children of the city Ufa accepted it . From its family 1905 a Matrossow with Matjuschenko had stated the rebellion on the tank cruiser “Potjomkin”, which for it like its grandfather in banishing died.

In the school time it began fitter teachings. In the work colony after beginning of war 1941 armaments were manufactured. Of 15. March to 23. September 1942 he worked as an assistant in a Möbelfrabik. 1942 it became member of the Komsomol - organization. It was called up into the army and came on the infantry school of Krasnocholmsk. In the middle of January 1943 it was abkommandiert with half of the pupils to the front.

The transportation course drove over Moscow to Rschew, Olenino, Nelidowo for station Semzy, where the discharge took place. There it into the “Stalinbrigade” (commander became: Derewjanko) taken up, which was set up in October 1942 from Freiwilligen in Siberia. This unit belonged to the Stalin Schützenkorps. The unit was in October 1942 at the potash in front in use and intervened in November in the area Krasny Stan - Bely in the fights. Now the brigade lay in resting position and refurbished its forces by new crews and equipment.

After this rest period 200 km a march took place to the front into the direction Toropez and the localities Strelzy, Demidowo, Kljukowo, Schilowo and Michai to the Lowat north of Welikije Luki, where it should be concentrated. Then Loknja an attack should be developed , be advanced to the railway line locomotive yes Naswa and cut off this connection in the area of the city. The second battalion of the brigade had the task to penetrate to the village Tschernuschki and to conquer the positions there present of the opponent, in order to create an attack opening for the brigade.

Behind Michai lay the Lomowatywald, which should be crossed in the morning-grey, in order to then conquer the village Tschernuschki. The opposing position consisted of earth shelters and firing positions. Heavy weapons could not be used because of the area to the attack. The opponent was that 113. Regiment of the German 285. Infantry division.

To 22. February 1943 began the attack 2. Battalion against the position system, one of the bestgesicherten firing positions of the opponent at the potash in front. In the course of the daily became approx. 20 shelter positions conquers. In the evening the counter attack of the opponent came, whereby the unit Matrassows was included. Only in the morning-grey encircling was blown up. With an attack on the main shelter of the opposing position the whole battalion did not advance, because the shelter controlled the whole battlefield. There Matrassow crept to the shelter near and threw themselves with its body before a Schiessscharte, whereby he was deadly met. Afterwards the shelter could be conquered and be continued the attack in this section.

The presidency of the highest Soviet lent the title of a hero of the Soviet Union to Matrassow. With the instruction No. 229 of 8. September 1943 appreciated the people's commissar for defense, Stalin, the achievement Matrassows, where it among other things is called:

„… that 254. Guard infantry regiment of the 56. Guard infantry division is the name '254. To lend guard infantry regiment Alexander Matrosow'. “

Becomes in the historical museum at Red Square in Moscow in a case on Matrossow with Erinnerungstücken referred to.


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