Alexej of Jawlensky

Künstler in München 1914: (von links) Alexej von Jawlensky, Clotilde von Derp, Marianne von Werefkin, Alexander Sacharoff
artist in Munich 1914:
(from left) Alexej of Jawlensky, Clotilde of Derp, Marianne of Werefkin, Alexander Sacharoff

Alexej of Jawlensky (original Alexei Georgijewitsch Jawlenski and/or. АлексейГеоргиевичЯвленский, wiss. Transliteration Alexej Georgievič Javlenskij);* 13. March 25. March 1864 in Torschok, Russia; † 15. March 1941 in Wiesbaden) was a GermanRussian painter and general agent of the expressionism.

Jawlensky was first Russian guard - an officer and became beside pupil of Ilja Repin at the Peter citizens academy of arts. Finally it gave its military career up to dedicate over to the painting completely and pulled itself 1896 with Marianne from Werefkin to Munich, where it in the mark school of Anton Azbe also Wassily Kandinsky met.

he got 1902 together with at the time with Werefkin the employee Helene Nesnakomoff his son Andreas. After it had overcome the resident of Munich realism, it painted a time long in the style of van Gogh, to itfinally around 1908 its own, in which of the Frenchmen affected colour expressiven style developed, which it maintained up to the outbreak of the First World War 1914.

it created 1909 among other things together also with Wassily Kandinsky, Adolf Erbslöh, The Gabriele lively and Marianne of Werefkin the new artist combination Munich, a Vorgängerin of the blue rider, whom Kandinsky and Franz Mark created and which Jawlensky very close. It issued together with painters of these groups, and. A. 1912in the residents of Munich gallery Hans Goltz.

1914 had to leave Jawlensky Germany and moved into Switzerland. Here it began its “variations” over a landschaftliches topic, with which it became the painter from series. After it itself 1919 finally ofWerefkin separated, went it 1921 to Wiesbaden, where he married and up to its death lived Helene. it created 1924 with Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee and Lyonel Feininger the group of artists “the blue four “, in Germany and forwardseverything in the USA issued. Starting from 1927 it the illness Arthritis constantly lähmte, so that it stopped 1938 finally to paint. 1937 was seized 72 of its works in Germany as “degenerate art “.

Jawlensky is in Wiesbaden on thatRussian-orthodox cemetery bury. The dead speech held its friend of many years Adolf Erbslöh.

Its early work was committed still to the realistic tradition; only in Munich it began to open for the modern trend and was particularly affected of the Fauvismus. It painted strong-colored of haven advice,Landscapes and quiet lives. Its late work is characterised by the concentration on simple and strong forms, into the 1930er years painted it up to abstraction reduced faces, which Jawlensky called increasingMeditationen “. They become also asa kind of modern icons understood. The concentration on the face as a sign of a internal-light feeling make the special meaning Jawlenskys for the art 20. Century out.

literature

  • Alexej Jawlensky, Clemens Weiler (Hrsg.): Heads - faces -Meditationen. Hanau, Dr. H. Peter, 1970, ISBN 3876272173

these volumes contain and. A. the life memories, which Jawlensky at the age dictated.

important paintings

Web on the left of

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| | * Literature of and over Alexej of Jawlensky in the catalog of the DDB

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note: Double data are first of all indicated in accordance with Julian calendar, which applied in Russia up to the October Revolution 1917, secondly in accordance with in the west since that 16. /18. Jh. used Gregorian calendar. See also: Wikipedia: Name conventions/cyrillic


 

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