Alphabetisierung (read ability)

Alphabetisierung one calls the process of the switching of the read ability as well as if necessary. also the write ability, independently of whether the learned writing is an alphabetical. The degree of the vintage - or write - and/or. Writing authority of a population (Alphabetisierungsrate) can be indicated proportionally for individual social classes as well as partly also for historical epochs.

history of the Alphabetisierung in Germany

in the course of the reformation was institutionalized the public education; the bases for a surface covering Alphabetisierung were put by the introduction of the general compulsory schooling:

according to estimations were in 15. Century between and four per cent the total population of Central Europe read-well-informed, of it 16 to 20 per cent of the urban population. Thereby some Alphabetisierungs are remarkable - and national education campaigns for the end 15. Century (see. Giesecke 1989, 131). Reading is taught with new methods as with Ickelsamers Lautiermethode.

In 16. Century rose the portion in the male population to 16 (France) up to 25 per cent (England and Wales). From the knowledge that starting from center 16. Century official regulations, for example the arrangement by Fronarbeit, by notes , the conclusion was spread can be pulled the fact that „in each household actually at least one person could read “ (see. Giesecke 1989: 546 and Keunecke 1987: 154)

Around 1800 the Alphabetisierungsrate lay in Germany with at least 50 per cent, around already 1870 with 75 per cent as well as around finally 1900 between 90 and 95 per cent.

Friedrich Kittler refers in view of these appearing high Alphabetisierungsrate to it: „Even if in the course of the general Alphabetisierung the letters learned more and more women, were not read ability yet letter being allowed “.

see also

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