as old high German (Ahd.) one designates the oldest in writing testified form of the German language in the time for instance from 750 to 1050.

Teil des Hildebrandsliedes, verfasst in althochdeutscher Sprache
Part the Hildebrandsliedes, written in old-high-German language

the old high German is not a uniform language, like the termsuggested, but the name for a group of westGermanic dialects, which south „the Benrather in such a way specified line “(of Duesseldorf - Benrath approximately in westeastern direction runs) were spoken. These dialects differ from the other westGermanicLanguages or dialects by the execution of the second (or high Germans) sound shift. The dialects north „the Benrather line “, i.e., within the range of the north German lowlandses and in the area of the today's Netherlands, did not accomplish the second sound shift. These dialectsbecome the distinction of the old high German under the designation oldSaxonian (more rarely: Olddown-German) in summary. From the oldSaxonian means and new down German developed.

Since the old high German was a group close of related dialects, there was no uniform in the early Middle Ages also Writing language; the delivered text certifications can be assigned the individual dialects, so that one often more appropriate of oldFrankish, Altbairisch, Altalemannisch etc. speaks.

The old-high-German excessive quantity consists to a large part of religious texts (prayers, baptizing vows, Bible translation); lay seals (Hildebrandslied) or other language certifications (inscriptions, spells) are only isolated.

Of the old-high-German language the still vokalisch rich in tone endings are characteristic (see. Latin), for example:

ahd.: again-high-German:
machôn make
tagâ Meet
to demo
pergâ mountains

in connection with the political situation went into 10. Century the writtenness generally and the production of German-language texts in the special back; a new installation of a German-language writtenness and literature is to be observed starting from approximately 1050. There itselfthe written excessive quantity of the 11. Century in lautlicher regard of the older excessive quantity, designates one clearly differentiates the language starting from approximately 1050 than medium high German.


  • Rolf miner and. A. (Hrsg.): Oldhigh-German
  1. grammar. Glosses. Texts. Winter,Heidelberg 1987, ISBN of 3-533-03877-7
  2. words and names. Research history. Winter, Heidelberg 1987, ISBN 3-533-03940-4
  • William brown one: Oldhigh-German grammar. Niemeyer, Tübingen 2004, ISBN 3-484-10861-4
  • hitting a corner hard Meineke/Judith Schwerdt: Introduction to the old high German (=UTB 2167), Paderborn and others: Schöningh 2001. ISBN 3-8252-2167-9
  • Rudolf contactor acorn: Oldhigh-German dictionary. Niemeyer, Tübingen 1995, ISBN 3-484-10636-0
  • Stefan Sonderegger: Oldhigh-German language and literature: an introduction to oldest German. Representation and grammar. de Gruyter, Berlin (and. A.) 1987, ISBN 3-11-004559-1

see also

Wiktionary: old-high-German- Word origin, synonyms and translations

miner Pauly/Moulin: Old and medium high German. Work book for the grammar of the older German language stages and to German language history. Worked on v. Claudine Moulin. 6. , again treatment. Aufl. Goettingen 2004.

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