Paleolithic age

the paleolithic age, the Paläolithikum, is the oldest and longest period of the prehistory. It corresponds the period, which generally linguistic usage is associated with stone - time, in that the prepeople and early humans as hunter and collecting tank, metals lived tools yet used were not and of stones, wood and (in the late phases) bone by booty animals were made.

Homo suppl. aster begins the paleolithic age forwards over 2,4 with the first intentional manufactured block factory witnesses of the Homo habilis andMillions years. It ends to about 8,000 v.Chr. with the end of the last ice age; into the connection one changes in the Levante (“fruitful Halbmond “) to the cultivation of cultivated plants and animal husbandry, which mark the transition to the Jungsteinzeit there, inEurope follows this development substantially later, so that after the paleolithic age first the Mittelsteinzeit ( Mesolithikum) follows here.

partitioning

the paleolithic age is usually divided into three periods, the Altpaläolithikum, the Mittelpaläolithikum and the Jungpaläolithikum. Within thesePeriods differentiates between one further certain archaeological cultures, which are defined primarily by the tools characteristic of the respective periods and at the same time cultural Entwicklungsstufen of mankind to represent. These cultures are in geoscientific tradition usually to the first discovery sites of the respectiveTime period designated, z. B. Oldowan (S. and). The chronological order and succession in the following of the represented succession of these cultures cannot be transferred world-wide. It applies however to Central Europe, where the longest research tradition prevails:

  • Altpaläolithikum or Early Stone Age
    • Oldowan, characterizes through rubble with cut, so-called Chopper and Chopping Tools off approx. 2,5 million years
    • Acheuléen, characterizes by fist wedges, first in Africa, worked more finely, forwards approx. 1,5 million years, starting from approximately 1 million year also in Europe.With the production of the first stone devices usually early people forms are brought such as Homo to suppl. aster , Homo erectus and Homo heidelbergensis in connection. From this time the oldest received wood weapons (Wurfspeere and throw woods) originate, z. B. Schöningen.
    • Clactonien, a Technokomplexwithout fist wedges.



See also: Portal: Pre and early history - Prehistory - humans - lion human being - Venus of will village

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