Amílcar Cabral

Amílcar Cabral (* 12. September 1924 in Bafatá, Guinea-Bissau, † 20. January 1973 in Conakry) was a Cape Verdian politician and independence fighter.


Amílcar Cabral

it became to 12. September 1924 born in Bafatá (Guinea-Bissau) as a son of Cape Verdian parents. Its nut/mother Iva Pinhel Évora had followed the father Juvenal Lopes Cabral to Guinea-Bissau, which worked there as a teacher.

When Amílcar was eight years old, the family returned on the Kapverden. Thus Mindelo , the port of São Vicente, became with their international flair and their world openness the coining/shaping surrounding field Cabrals, which put 1943 down the maturity examination here. As a pupil worked he at the local Radiosender, written poems and political writings for the support of a Cape Verdian, kreolischen identity.

In the following year (1944) drew the family into the capital Praia, where it worked at national printering, until it 1945 a scholarship for the study of the tropical agriculture in Lisbon, the colonial power at that time Portugal received capital to which. Here political circles in the African studentses, to which numerous later independence fighters made of cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Angola and Mozambique belonged , were based. After conclusion of the study 1950 two man-years in Santarém ( Portugal) followed.

it turned 1952 as an agriculture engineer back to Guinea-Bissau. Its political activities with the farmers were the colonial administration and the political police a thorn in the eye and Cabral had to Angola to flee. With Aristides Pereira, its brother Luís de Almeida Cabral and further young people created Amílcar Cabral 1956 the PAI, those because of confusing identity of names with a Senegalese party soon one renamed in Partido Africano para A Independência there Guiné e DO Cabo Verde (PAIGC, Portuguese for „an African party for the independence from Guinea and cape Verde “).

1963 left the party the underground and opened an office in the neighboring country Guinea, which pursued a diktatorischen, strictly anti-colonial course under Ahmed Sékou Touré. In the same year, after bloody smashing of a strike of the dock labourers of Pidjiguiti (Guinea-Bissau) by Portuguese colonial troops, the PAIGC began the armed rebellion, which expanded to from 1963 to 1974 lasting a colonial war.

Cabral advanced at the same time the political confrontation on international level. It represented the thing cape of Verde and Guinea before the United Nations, 1970 in a private audience with Pope Paul VI., before European parliaments and African politicians as well as in the media. Its anti-colonialistic attitude in connection with a clear confession to the non-alignment as well as its convincing intellectual personality made it a respected partner the socialist international one and the personal friend Olof Palmes and François Mitterrands.

The Portuguese military and the political police PIDE tried several times to liquidate Cabral among other things in November 1970 in an assault on Conakry, which admits as Portuguese Raid or Mar Verde became. This action aimed at death Cabrals and the Guinean president Sékou Touré as well as the destruction of the Guinean combat aircraft at the soil off. While Cabrals Mrs. Maria Helena and the children got off the fright, the family of a physician in the neighbour dwelling was heavily hurt and a child was killed.

Starting from 1972 the Portuguese colonial army went ever more on the defensive and withdrew themselves partly escape-like.

To 20. January 1973 putschte a part of the army of the PAIGC against Kapverder at the point of the party. Cabral and its wife were stopped before their dwelling and as itself to Amílcar Cabral not to bind did not leave, shot it Inocêncio Cani, an officer of the navy. In the long run the intervention of the Guinean president and its troops defeated the Putsch. Even if admits the direct murderers are, remain background the assassination attempt until today in the dark.

In the following months the PAIGC reached control of the largest part of the country and explained to 1973 the independence of Guinea-Bissau on one side.

The anti-fascist forces reached to 25. April 1974 in „the carnation revolution “the transformation of Portugal from the fascist dictatorship to the democracy and the end of the Portuguese colonialism.

The day of death Amílcar Cabrals is today the national holiday of the Republic of cape Verde.


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