Amberg

of these articles is occupied with Amberg in the Upper Palatinate. See also: Amberg (Unterallgäu)
coat of arms map
Wappen von Amberg Deutschlandkarte, Position von Amberg hervorgehoben
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Bavaria
governmental district: Upper Palatinate
circle: Circle-free city
surface: 50.04 km ²
inhabitants: 44.657 (30. September 2005)
Population density: 892Inhabitant for each km ²
height: 374 m and. NN
postal zip codes: 92201 - 92224
preselections: 09621
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 49° 27 ' N, 11° 52 ' O
49° 27 ' N, 11° 52 ' O
Kfz characteristics: AT
the municipality key: 09 361,000
Website: www.amberg.de
mayor: Wolfgang Dandorfer (CSU)
a governing party: CSU

Amberg is a circle-free city with about 45000 inhabitants in the governmental district Upper Palatinate in Bavaria. It is appropriate approximately for 60km east of Nuremberg to the Vilsand seat of a professional school is common with pastures.

Table of contents

Amberg - Blick vom Maria-Hilf-Berg auf die Altstadt
Amberg - view of the Maria helping mountain of the old part of town


history

Amberg was mentioned for the first time documentary 1034 as Ammenberg.

In the Middle Ages it was an important place of transshipment for iron and iron ore. The Upper Palatinate is considered as the Ruhr district of the Middle Ages. In the Amberger country was diminished iron and over thoseVils to Regensburg ships. On the return trip - the ships were pulled by horses river upward - salt was loaded. Relikte of the salt trade are today's street names such as salt barn place.

Starting from 1269 it came under the rule of the Wittelsbacher and became late capitalthe upper Pfalz, which was governed together with the lower Pfalz ( capital Heidelberg) by a Nebenlinie of the Wittelsbacher. From 1294 the first municipal law is well-known. After introduction of the reformation Amberg fell during the dreissigjährigen war at Bavaria andbecame again catholic with the Upper Palatinate, after the pfälzische cure prince and böhmische king Friedrich V. of the Pfalz, the winter king, 1620 in the battle at white mountains the having citizen allied with the Bavarian duke and later cure prince Maximilianwas underlaid. In the consequence many Protestanten fled into the free realm cities Nuremberg and Regensburg.

In the year 1810 the seat of the government of the Upper Palatinate von Amberg was shifted to Regensburg. The connection to the Bavarian Eisenbahnnetz took place in the year 1859.

Inthe city did not present itself Amberg to the time of the national socialism in relation to the situation in the entire country as exception. Since the majority of the population consisted of practicing catholics, and the catholic church the National Socialist ruling powers partly with distrust met, obtainedthe NSDAP until 1933 in Amberg in favor of the churchnear BVP smaller choice successes than in the state average; after the seizure of power 1933 the national socialists obtained foreseeable however in each case agreement ratios at a value of 90% with tunings. Against church-hostile actions of the Nazis movedalso the resistance of the Amberger citizens, about 1941 with a protest demonstration of approx. 500 persons against the “crucifix decree” of the Secretary of cultural affairs, by whom the crucifixes should be removed from the schools. On the other hand the measures of the regime became against the subpopulation, thoseat most under pursuit to suffer, i.e., of the majority the Christian inhabitant shank without any protest had accepted the Jews. 1933 lived still 64 Jews in Amberg. This small Jewish municipality, only 0.2% of the population, was complete by May 1943smashed: seventeen Amberger Jews emigrated, twenty-three spoiled into other German cities, eleven died in Amberg. Many were deportiert of the remaining thirteen into the extermination camps Theresienstadt and Piaski with Lublin.

After the end of the Second World War 1945 belongedAmberg to the American zone of occupation. At the 1. July 1972 in the course of the regional reorganization the places were bunting-arranged, Gailoh, Karmensölden and Raigering in in common December. 1995 was opened in the former emperor William barracks of the Amberger part of the FH Amberg pastures.

Population

year inhabitant year inhabitant
1400 2720 1950 37920
1500 3180 1960 41849
1600 4280 1970 41522
1700 3720 1980 44264
1800 5763 1990 43111
1859 12312 2000 43794
1900 22039


politics

mayor

  • 1892-1907:Joseph hero man
  • 1907-1913: George beautiful
  • 1913-1933 Dr. Eduard intelligent, BVP
  • 1933: Otto sow gel (kommissarisch)
  • 1933-1945: Josef fall-bend, NSDAP
  • 1945-1946: Christian Endemann, SPD
  • 1946: Dr. Eduard intelligent
  • 1946: Christian Endemann, SPD
  • 1946-1952: Michael Lotter, CSU
  • 1952-1958: Josef fall-bend, DG
  • 1958-1970: Dr. Wolfgang Steininger, CSU
  • 1970-1990: Franz Prechtl, CSU
  • since 1990: Wolfgang Dandorfer, CSU

of twin cities

Sponsorship

  • the city Amberg transferred 1954 the sponsorship for the inhabitant of the city and the circle Eger German due to the Beneš decrees from her traditional homeland refugee in the Sudetenland.


culture and objects of interest

historical buildings

Marktplatz mit gotischem Rathaus
market placewith gothical city hall

the old part of town is surrounded by a Ringmauer with today 4 gates: Nabburger gate, brick gate, much-disturb and Wingershofer gate.

A characteristic represents the “city eyeglasses in such a way specified”, a fifth gate over the river Vils. In three elbowsspanned here the medieval Stadtmauer the river; one the column stands thereby in the water so that two elbows with their reflection in the water complement each other to two circles standing next to each other, which led to the name. The third elbow on firm reasonlong time was bricked; only recently it was again opened and so the original state was manufactured, which was seen to the typical, zweibögigen “eyeglasses” of many Ambergern however as “destruction” with measurement courage.

With the historical “Eh'häusl” Amberg possesses today one thatsmallest hotels of the world.

the Basilika pc. is appropriate for churches at the south side of the market place. Martin. It was built from 1421 on as citizen church in the gothical style. (Gothic)

pc. George (11. Jahrh.), Paulanerkirche (interesting because of thatHistory; occasionally than stores used),

the pilgrimage church Maria helping mountain was built in styles of the baroque and 1711 were geweiht. The Wallfahrt on the Maria helping mountain and the pertinent mountain celebration always find in the week around Maria Heimsuchung (2. July) instead of.

Work on []

Museums

city museum, archaeological museum, air museum in the Klösterl (starting from 04.06.2006), mining industry and industrial museum East Bavaria (Theuern).

modern trend building

at modern architecture rises up the workshop of the companies Night man (Rosenthalstrasse), one 1970 after plans established by walter Gropiuscathedral-like building out.

theatre

since 1803 possesses Amberg a theatre in the former gothical church of a Franziskanerklosters waived in the secularization. Since 1872 the city is Amberg carrier of the theatre. 1953 had the play enterprise from fire protection-legalReasons to be first adjusted, after a comprehensive reorganization the city theatre is however since 1978 again in enterprise. The city theatre Amberg does not possess an own ensemble, it takes place however regularly appearance meetings.

library

in Amberg is the national Provinzialbibliothekresident. It was created in the year 1803 in the course of the secularization. Their old book inventories originate from the Jesuitenkolleg in Amberg as well as the given up monasteries Ensdorf, Michelfeld, realm brook, Speinshardt, forest hereditaryoh and forest-ate. The first location of the library was in the given up Salesianerinnenklosterand the existence was with approximately 50000 books. In the year 1815 by a fire approximately 16500 books were destroyed. In the year 1826 the entgültige removal took place to the today's Standtort in the Maltesergebäude. From 2001 to 2003 reorganization and cultivation measures took place,the library offers today approximately 115000 books.

nature

Renaturierte river landscape to the national horticultural show 1996.

economics and infrastructure

traffic

Amberg can over the A6, with the connection points Amberg west, Amberg south and AmbergEast to be reached. Furthermore the federal highways B85 and B299 cross. The Amberger station offers direct connections to Nuremberg, Schwandorf, Regensburg and Prague (Praha).

The Amberger town center bus fleet exists at present of 20 penalties and 12 lines, in Amberg becomes30 a minutes pulse maintained. The Amberger town center bus lies completely in the traffic group region Nuremberg (VGN). All 12 Buslinien are very important. The longest line is bunting-arranged the 402 of Amberg after with 25 stops and a length of 5.4 kilometers.The Amberger station is central junction between the German course and the town center penalties and/or. also to the cross-country penalties. Enterprises become the town center penalty since 1975 of the company Linzer, who was created 1970. In the year 1999 the Amberger became bus stationaufwändig reorganized and extends 2005, so that all town center penalty and cross-country penalty can start the 20 retaining bays now.

Likewise there are cross-country bus lines, which drive on the surrounding countryside.

local resident one enterprise

of largest employers is the company Siemens, alsomanufactures about 3700 persons employed in Amberg electronic elements and numeric controls. A further large enterprise is the company Grammer AG. It manufactures driver and passenger seats, as well as components for the passenger car interior equipment. Further enterprises of the otherwise of the smaller middle class coined/shapedRegion are active in the ranges of the information technology, metallurgy and mechanical engineering. Glass (companyNight man) plays a role traditionally likewise.

media

in Amberg the regional television station public workers' union (Upper Palatinate TV) resides. It offers informative transmissions and messagesfor the entire northern Upper Palatinate.

public mechanisms

  • penal institution
  • office for agriculture and forests Amberg
  • public records (scope of responsibility: Governmental district Upper Palatinate)

education

Amberg is an expressed school city. The following schools exist in Amberg:

professional schools

High Schools

six-form high school

  • national six-form high school

six-form high school and High School

professional training one schools

  • restaurant economics Friedrich Arnold
  • national specialized high school
  • national occupation high school
  • national vocational school
  • national Technical High School for commercialAssistant
  • vocational school for ill and child nursing for the sick
  • national agricultural and house-economical vocational school
  • engineering school of the Berufl. Advanced training centers the Bavarian. Employers' associations registered association.

reason and hauptschule

  • elementary school bunting-arrange
  • Albert Swiss school
  • Barbaraschule
  • Dreifaltigkeitsschule
  • Luitpoldschule
  • max Josef school
  • Montessori school

promotion and special schools

  • wanting man school(Specialeducational promotion center)
  • Rupert Egenberger school (welfare-educational center/school for individual one life accomplishment)

people's highschools

  • people's highschool Amberg

schools of music

  • sound workshop Amberg

military

the city is garrison town with German Federal Armed Forces barracks (Leopoldkaserne) and a German Federal Armed Forces hospital. Into the 1990er yearsexisted also US barracks and further German Federal Armed Forces barracks (emperor William barracks). In the buildings the latter is today the professional school.

personalities

of sons and daughters of the city

further personalities, those with the city in connection stand

Web on the left of

 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)