Amritsar (Hindi: अमृतसर, of Amrita Saras: “Nektarsee”) is a city in the Indian Federal State Punjab with 1.102.822 inhabitants (conditions 1. January 2005) and the mirror-image-ritual center of the Sikhismus (golden temple).


Der Goldene Tempel
the golden temple

1577 became Amritsarof RAM that, fourth that altogether ten Sikh gurus, based. The old name of the city was RAM the pure therefore. The city received the name Amritsar after the golden temple surrounding pool of the Nektars (Amrit Sarovar).

In the year 1919 the Amritsar massacre occurred here.

To 5. June 1984, on the high point of unrests between Hindus and fundamentalist Sikhs, let Prime Minister minister Indira Gandhi the golden temple of the Indian army conquer. There the militant leader of the Sikhs, Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale had entrenchd himself. The extremely by force anddisputed military action cost about the life to 500 humans.

India and Pakistan agreed upon the mechanism of a new bus connection between Lahore in Pakistan and Amritsar with peace discussions. Starting from November 2005 the bus traffic is to be taken up. [1]

Coordinates: 31° 37 ' 12.2 " N 74° 52 ' 35.0 " O


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