|of these articles treats a person. For the ship „to Andrea Doria “see Andrea Doria (ship).|
To table of contents
Andrea Doria was branch thatold Genuesi aristocracy family Doria - Pamphilij Landi, which had already brought protruding fleet leaders out for centuries. It buildup fatherless and served as Condottiere first the Pope, then also different Italian prince. it fought to 1503 for its hometown on Korsika against the Frenchmen, who it alsoto the retreat from Ligurien forced. Afterwards it became admiral and fought at the point of the genuesischen fleet against Turks and North African Piraten.
Mordkomplott in Monaco
in the year 1523 allied itself Doria with the member of the family Grimaldi Barthélémy Doria de Dolceacqua,a nephew governing Mr. of Monaco, Lucien of Monaco. They together planned the murder at Lucien and led this to 22. August 1523 through, in order to secure the succession of Monaco for the Dolceacqua.
wars between France and the holy one Roman realm
Genova both by France and by the holy Roman realm one stressed and one occupied repeated (see. Italian wars). As emperors Karl V. the city 1522 conquered, allied themselves Doria with the Frenchmen and stepped into the services king Franz I.1524 releasedAndrea Doria Marseille besieged by the imperial troops. After the French king had ungratefully pointed itself to it (bad treatment, insufficient remuneration, delays in the promised return of the city Savona), extended Doria its contract no more further and 1528 stepped into the servicesthe emperor.
re-establishment of the Republic of Genova
Doria instructed the retreat to its nephew Filippino, which besieged Neapel together with the Frenchmen. With support of prominent families the Frenchmen remained in Genova were expelled and the republic under imperial protection was restored. Andrea Doria reformed thoseCondition, overcame the tensions between Guelfen and Ghibellinen and created the bases for a aristokratische system of government. It had substantial influence on the “parliament” of Genova up to its death. The city gave it apart from many privileges two palaces and confessed to it the title “Liberator et PaterPatriae” (“Befreier and father of the native country”) too.
Andrea Doria befehligte as an imperial admiral several employments against the Turks. It conquered Corona, Patras and Tunis, where it freed 1535 20,000 Christians held of the Osmanen as slaves. 1538 becamea European fleet with 600 ships under the guidance struck by Andrea Doria with Prevesa of a Turkish fleet with 120 ships under the guidance of Barbaros Hayreddin pasha and door property rice (“Dragut “). Doria is not to have this defeat unintentionally certified, because heits venezianischen rival to harm wanted. 1541 it had to accompany the emperor on a campaign in Algeria, which failed as forecast by Doria. The armed forces used there could escape only owing to Dorias intervention of the complete destruction. Also in the following years it served the emperor inEurope and in the Orient actively and successfully, although it was old already over seventy years.
after the peace of Crépy (1544) between Franz I. and Karl V. Doria planned its retreat from the active political and military life. But itspersonal wealth and influence envy, disfavor and also open enmity brought in for it. Also the arrogance of its nephew and inheriting Giannettino Doria contributed to it. 1547 tried genuesische aristocracy families in a Komplott to break the power of the Doria in the city. Became itsNephew Giannettino murders. Andrea Doria through-crossed the plans of its Gegener with these and other opportunities energetically. Also emperors Karls attempts to station and bring Genova under its control Spanish troops in this way in the city, failed because of Dorias opposition.
Still 1550, thus also84 years, Doria led the fleet against North African Piraten. By a renewed outbreak of war between the emperor and France Andrea Doria saw itself again compelled to fight for the independence of its republic. 1553 to 1555 it led the genuesischen troops on Korsika in the eventful fightsagainst the Frenchmen.
1555 it returned old and frail to Genova and withdrew themselves definitely from all public offices.
Franz Kurowski: “Genova however was more powerful. History of a sea power. “Universitas, Munich, 1986. (ISBN 3881996842)
Web on the left of
- history of Genova
| | * Literature of and over Andrea Doria in the catalog of the DDB
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||genuesischer admiral and prince of Melfi|
|DATE OF BIRTH||30. November 1466|
|PLACE OF BIRTH|
|DYING DATE||25. November 1560|