Angelo Kardinal Sodano (* 23. November 1927 in Isola d'Asti, Piemont, Italy) is since 1991 cardinal undersecretary of state of the Roman Kurie and since 30. April 2005 Kardinaldekan. The fact that a person dresses both offices gave it since 1828 (with cardinal Giulio Mariadella Somaglia) no more. As a cardinal undersecretary of state he is the closest coworker of the Pope, leads the vatikanische diplomacy and stands hierarchically in second place of the Vatikanstaates.
Table of contents
Angelo Sodano became to 23. November 1927 in Isola d'Asti, a suburb of Asti in the Piemont as the second of six children of theGiovanni and Delfina Sodano born. The surrounding field, in the Sodano buildup, was deeply religiously coined/shaped.
study and a priest
after its study of philosophy and theology he became to 23. September 1950 in Asti of the bishop at that time von Asti, Umberto Rossi, to the priest geweiht. it went to 1959 to Rome and took up the study of the Kanonistik at the papal Lateran university, the study of theology at the papal University of Gregoriana and visited the papal diplomat academy. It attained a doctorate in theology and canonical right and stepped directly into the service of the Holy chair . It worked as a secretary of the Latin American Nuntiaturen in Ecuador, Uruguay and Chile. It received the title „to Monsignore “on the day before the choice Pope Paul VI., before it 1968 official member in the advice of the Roman Kurie for external relationsbecame.
archbishop and Nuntius
to 30. November 1977 he was appointed the Titulaerzbischof of Nuova Caesaris and the Apostoli Nuntius in Chile. Before it began its office in Chile, it became to 15. January 1978 in the pin church San Secondo in Asti from cardinal Antonio Samorè to the bishop geweiht. In its term of office as Nuntius in Chile it made itself 1984 by the successful diplomatic negotiations in the border controversy with Argentina in the Beagle channel conflict a name: Since 1881 Chile and Argentina argue about the course of the border in the Beagle channel (fire country). Onlyafter over one hundred years switching a contract comes off, to 2 under Sodanos. May 1985 was ratified by Argentina and Chile. In the Pinochet era it turned repeated against the acts of violence of the regime and sat down to vehement for the attention and re-establishment of the human rights. The reproach of a too small distance from Pinochet did not prove as durable.1988 it returned to Rome, in order to work quasi as “right hand” from cardinal undersecretary of state cardinal Casaroli as a secretary of the advice for external relations. Starting from that 1. March 1989 he was a secretarythe section for the relations with the states, as 2. Section in a reorganization of the Roman Kurie to the office of the secretary of state came; the owner of this office is called landläufig „minister of foreign affairs of the Vatikan “. In this time it represented the holy chair on numerous international conferences, thuswhen meeting the ministers of foreign affairs of the KSZE (conference over security and co-operation in Europa-seit 1995 Organization for Security and Cooperation in Euro) in Vienna, Copenhagen, New York and Paris.
cardinal and cardinal undersecretary of state
after the resignation from cardinal undersecretary of state cardinal Casaroli after reaching the age limit became a cardinal Sodano to 1. December 1990 the pro secretary of the office of the secretary of state appointed and in the Konsistorium of 28. June 1991 to the cardinal priest with the title church Santa Maria Nuova (church Santa Francesca Romana in Rome) raised and was thereby since that 29. June 1991 cardinal undersecretary of state.
to10. January 1994 he was appointed from the Pope to the cardinal bishop with the title of the suburbikarischen diocese Albano and to 30. November 2002, on the day exactly 25 years after its bishop appointment he became the Subdekan of the Kardinalskollegiums.
Since August 1991 cardinal undersecretary of state has Sodanothe holy father Pope Johannes Paul II on 53 of his journeys abroad accompanies.
As a cardinal Sodano in November 2002 75. Lebensjahr had reached and the age limit had thus reached, asked it Pope Johannes Paul II.to exercise, its office until further notice as a cardinal undersecretary of state. In thatIt took future by the diseases of Pope Johannes Paul II.a great many additional tasks truely. With public appearances of the Pope he was to be always seen at its side, like for example with the Angelus prayer during the hospital stay of Pope Johannes Paul II in March2005. Due to the bad state of health of Pope Johannes Paul II. celebrated also cardinal Sodano eastestimates 2005 at the Peter place. Subsequently, the Pope donated legendary to the “mute” Urbi become et Orbi of the window of the work room in the Apostoli palace and cardinal Sodano read out those east suppl. Russian inthe different languages. After publication of the death by Pope Johannes Paul II. in the evening 2. April 2005, tuned Sodano for the met quantity at the Peter place “De Profundis “for the deceased on. Sodano was a Pope Johannes Paul II.during 14Years a faithful and competent cardinal undersecretary of state been.
Sodano applied with the following Konklave in April 2005 for the choice of the Pope in the public as papabile, i.e. as one of the possible successors of the deceased of Pope Johannes Paul II.. As in the Konklave the Kardinaldekan at that time,Cardinal Ratzinger was selected, came to Sodano as Subdekan of the Kardinalskollegiums the question: „Acceptasne electionem de width unit canonice factam in Summum Pontificem? “(You take the choice on…?). Also all further tasks cardinal DEK to, like for example the delivery of the Fischer ring during the office introduction of the Pope,afterwards by Sodano were taken over.
Pope Benedikt XVI. confirmed Sodano as one of its first official acts to 21. April 2005 in the office, so that he dresses the office of the cardinal undersecretary of state now for nearly 15 years. It belongs to the longest periods in the history of this office.
Of theFurther ones he was selected from the cardinal bishops to the new Kardinaldekan; this choice became to 30. April 2005 of Pope Benedikt XVI. confirmed. The Kardinaldekan is always also Titularbischof of Ostia, apart from the title of its original suburbikarischen diocese; with cardinal Sodano is the Albano.
- member of the Kongregation for the faith teachings
- member of the Kongregation for the eastern churches
- member of the Kongregation for the bishops
- member of the papal commission for the Vatikanstaat
- member of the Cardinalizia di Vigilanza dell'Istituto by le Opere di Religione
papal one Legat and special envoy of its holyness
- papal envoy to the ceremonies 75. Anniversary of the feature of the God nut/mother in Fátima, Fátima, Portugal, 13. May of 1992
- special envoys of its holyness for the day of the nations of the holy chair, world exhibition in Sevilla, Spain, 29. June 1992.
- Papal Legat toFuneral of cardinal Frantisek Tomásek, archbishop emeritus of Prague, Czechoslovakia, 12. August 1992
- papal Legat at the time of the conclusion meeting on the occasion of 800. Birthday of the holy Antonius of Padua, Padua, Italy, 8. December 1995
- papal Legat at the time of the conclusion ceremony on the occasion of the 700 anniversary of the place of pilgrimage inLoreto, Loreto, Italy, 10. December 1995
- papal Legat with the solemn opening 46. International you air tables of congress, Breslau, Poland, 25. May - 1. June of 1997
- special envoys of its holyness and Hauptzelebrant of the funeral ceremonies of nut/mother Teresa, Calcutta, India, 13. September 1997
- papal Legat withWorld day of the patients, Loreto, Italy, 11. February 1998
- papal Legat with the celebration 750. Anniversary Cologne cathedral, Cologne, 15. August 1998
- Legat with the South American youth meeting in Santiago de Chile, Chile, 6. - 11. October 1998
- papal Legat with the ceremonies 350. Anniversary WestfäliPeace, Osnabrück, 24. October 1998
- Legat with the European youth meeting in Santiago de Compostela, Spain, 4-8. August 1999.
- Papal Legat with the ceremonies for the reopening of the upper Basilika of the holy Fanz of Assisi and the consecration of the new Pope altar, Assisi, 28. November 1999
- papal Legatto the consecration of the church of the Unbefleckten receipt-sneeze Mariens, Moscow, Russia, 12. December 1999
- papal Legat for the thousands of years ceremonies of the Erzdiözese Gnesen, Poland, 12. March 2000;
- Papal Legat for those the 500 anniversary of the Evangelisierung Brazil, postage Seguro, 26. April 2000.
- Papal Legat for thoseThousands of years ceremonies of the Hl. Stefan of Hungary, Budapest, 20. August 2000
- papal Legat for the festive consecration of the new cathedral in Tirana, Albania, 26. January 2002.
- papal Legat with the ceremonies to 700. Day of death of Pope Bonifazius VIII., cathedral of Anagni, Italy, 12. October2003
- papal Legat with the ceremonies to 500. Anniversary of the choice of Pope Julius II., Savona (place of birth of Pope Julius II), Italy 30. November 2003
- papal Legat during the solemn conclusion meeting of the Central European catholic daily 2003/2004 in the place of pilgrimage Maria cell, Austria, 22. May 2004
- personal representativethe holy father with the state funeral of the former president of the United States of America, Ronald Reagan, national Cathedral, Washington, D.C., the USA, 11. June 2004
- 2002 Papieski Wydział Teologiczny incoming goods Wrocławiu (papal theological faculty Breslau)
- 2003 Uniwersytet Kardynała StefanaWyszynskiego w Warszawie (cardinal Stefan Wyszynski university Warsaw)
Web on the left of
- official biography of the holy chair
- office of the secretary of state of the Vatikan
- responding the undersecretary of state, S. E. Kard. Angelo Sodano
- family tree of the office of the secretary of state
|NAME||Sodano, Angelo cardinal|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||cardinal, from 1991 to 2006 cardinal undersecretary of state of the Roman Kurie|
|DATE OF BIRTH||23. November 1927|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Isola d'Asti (Piemont/Italy)|