Anna Amalie by Saxonia Weimar iron oh

Anna Amalie, duchess of Saxonia Weimar iron oh (* 24. October 1739 in Wolfenbüttel; † 10. April 1807 in Weimar) was a German duchess and Komponistin.

Anna Amalie of Saxonia Weimar iron oh (paintings of J. E. Heinsius 1773)

Anna Amalie (actually Anna Amalia) became as the fifth of altogether thirteen children of the duke Karl I. of Braunschweig Wolfenbüttel, and Philippine Charlotte of Prussia, a sister of Friedrich the large one born. Starting from 1742 it informed the theologian Johann Friedrich William Jerusalem, which wrote also the so-called moral tablet over its pupil. With sixteen years (to 16. March 1756) married it Ernst August II. Constantin of Saxonia Weimar iron oh, which it bore before long distance of two sons. To 28. May 1758 deceased the duke and left his pregnant woman wife and a son under age (Carl August). By will it had ordered that Anna Amalia should be exclusive owner of the guardianship regency for the Erstgeborenen under age. To 9. July 1759 became it by emperor Franz I. for of age explains and to 30. August 1759 took over it the guardianship and national administration.

Not to be confounded with the youngest sister of their nut/mother Amalie, princess of Prussia may do you.

Although the government obligations rested heavily on it, them maintained the music as reconciliation. It could be informed by Ernst Wilhelm wolf in composition and piano. Their musical salons were far famous. 1775 became their son of age and took over the Regierungsgeschäfte, while Anna Amalie dedicated itself now completely to the arts. It based among other things the German play in Weimar and initiated those Weimar museums. Artists such as Johann Gottfried of Herder, Christoph Martin how/as country, Christian Friedrich Daniel kind of thrust and late Johann Wolfgang von Goethe prospered under their wings. In the music room of the joke around palace are today still of their played harp and an original hammer wing as well as several paintings, which represent it beside a Cembalo, following a Portrait of its nut/mother Philippine Charlotte of Prussia.

Anna Amalie, 1795

starting from 1788 went it to Italy, where she studied the forming arts and music to 1790. Around 1799 she wrote a music-theoretical work, which is considered today as verschollen.

Although itself Anna Amalie not when Komponistin regarded, she had solid training and a pronounced style feeling, from which their music witnesses. It is considered as Begründerin “Weimar MUSE yard “. For the history of the MUSE yard see. also the article MUSE yard.

The research library duchess Anna Amalia library in Weimar is designated after it. This should not be confounded with the Amalienbibliothek (existence of the today's state library to Berlin).

See also: Saxonia Weimar (prince house)

literature

Berger, Joachim: Anna Amalia of Saxonia Weimar iron oh (1739-1807). Thinking and action area of one ‚enlightened' duchess, Heidelberg 2003 ISBN 3-8253-1516-9

Dreise Beckmann, Sandra: Duchess Anna Amalia of Saxonia Weimar iron oh (1739-1807). Musikliebhaberin and Mäzenin. Appendix: Reconstruction of the musi potash collection, handwriting and letters. Schneverdingen 2004. ISBN 3-88979-107-7

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