inorganic chemistry or Anorganik covers, simply expressed, the chemistry of all elements and connections, which do not contain excluding hydrocarbon connections. These are thes subject of organic chemistry. With carbonic acid and prussic acid the inorganic chemist is occupied for example,with acetylsalicylic acid or glucose however not. The demarcation to organic chemistry can be pointed out best to the range of the organ COMET all connections. Research, which this avails itself only as helping means or reagent, is to be added the Organik. Against it the metal center stands in, One speaks center of inorganic chemistry.
To table of contents
inorganic chemistry is concerned with the chemical elements andReactions of the materials, which are not produced by organic life (with the help of the vitality).
Since the urea synthesis 1828 of Friedrich better, with which the organic substance urea was made of the inorganic compound Ammoniumcyanat, the borders smear themselvesbetween materials from the dead (the “inorganic” materials) and animated nature (the organic materials). Thus organisms manufacture also a multiplicity of inorganic materials, while in the laboratory nearly all organic materials can be manufactured. Nevertheless is the distinction after howbefore meaningful, since the reaction mechanisms and material structures differ in the Anorganik and Organik often.
Characteristic one Reactions are
typical materials in the Anorganik are
most inorganic materials consist of particles, which are compound from few atoms only. There are high-molecular connections for examplein that silicon - chemistry (silanes). Nevertheless there is as large variety of different materials with no other element as with the organic compounds of carbon.
subsections of inorganic chemistry
- chemistry of the metals
- chemistry of the nonmetals
- Complex chemistry, including bioinorganic chemistry
- solid chemistry
- structure chemistry
- metal-organic chemistry (stands between inorganic and organic chemistry)
- colloid chemistry
- atmosphere chemistry
- inorganic acids
inorganic chemistry is basis of various technical applications, for example
- semiconductor chemistry
- production of iron and to steel
- production of cement, tying mortar and concrete
- production of ceramic(s)
|Wiktionary: inorganic chemistry - word origin, synonyms and translations|