Anta is the Portuguese name for approximately 5000 Megalithanlagen, which were established during the Neolithikums in the west of the Iberi peninsula by the successors of the Cardial or Impressokultur. Also different popular terms such as Arcas, Orcas or Lapas replace the term Dolmen in Portugal.
The Anta is a polygonal Dolmen, whose Tragsteine are easily inward bent, during the often only floor slab easily forward are bent and from that particularly spread “front stone” (at the end of the plant) and one carries for the two entrance stones. Antas are because of brooks on far high surfaces or small hills. They lay once in today mostly threadbare earth hills by the one low, covered course to the chamber led. Also these courses are hardly more or only in fragments available. Before the outside end of the course is every now and then still the round plated free area, which is called atrium here. Besides there is still the type of the rock dome and dome graves, and the Mamoas (in the north), course graves such as Chá there Parada as well as courseless polygonal or rectangular plants. Are as far as possible received:
the largest Antas and true cathedrals of the Steinzeit are there too national monuments explained Anta Grande DO Zambujeiro southwest from Évora and “Carapito I “or” Casa there the Moura " (house of the Maurin) northwest from Guarda in the Beira Interior Norte. The closest spreading of premature Monumente is in Portugal:
Antas were already regarded in the antiquity as altars. The skeleton finds were interpreted as people victims. Some larger Antas were converted to Christian chapels or Eremitagen. São Brissos with Escoural, São Dionisio in the middle in Pavia. In churches were integrated: Alcobertas with Santarém and Nossa Senhora DO Monte. They refer in such a way to the original function of the Antas. Also the direct neighbourhood of Anta and church is given: São Bartolomeu DO Mar, São of gene I and São Fausto.
- Schattner T. G.: Archaeological signpost/guide by Portugal, 1998, ISBN 3-8053-2313-1
- Walkowitz J. E.: The Megalithsyndrom, 2003, ISBN 3-930036-70-3