Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda
Flagge von Antigua und Barbuda
Wappen von Antigua und Barbuda
(detail) (detail)

Wahlspruch: Each Endeavouring, universe Achieving
(English one. for „everyone exerts, all has success “)

office language English
capital Saint John's
system of government constitutional monarchy
system of government Parliamentary democracy
head of state queen Elizabeth II. represented by the governor general Sir James Carlisle
prime minister Baldwin Spencer
(since 24. March 2004)
Surface
- Antigua:
- Barbuda:
442 km ²
-281 km ²
-161 km ²
number of inhabitants 68,722 (July 2005)
population density of 155.4 inhabitants per km ²
gros domestic product/inhabitants 11,124 US-$ (2004)
independence from Great Britain at the 1. November 1981
currency eastCaribbean dollar
time belt UTC -4 hours
of national anthem fair Antigua, incoming goods Salute Thee
Kfz characteristic AG
Internet TLD .ag
Preselection +1268
Lage von Antigua und Barbuda in der Welt
Lage von Antigua und Barbuda in der Karibik
Karte von Antigua und Barbuda

the islands Antigua and Barbuda (the earlier Dulcina) form oneindependent island state within the Commonwealth. They lie between the north Atlantic and the Karibik, southeast from Puerto Rico. Besides the uninhabited island Redonda exists.

Table of contents

geography

the area of the Antilles state covers two smaller of the islands over that beside Antigua (280 square kilometers) hoist: Barbuda (161 square kilometers) in the north Antiguas and the uninhabited rock in moose Redonda (a square kilometer)in the southwest. The state has a total area of 442 square kilometers.

Capital of Antigua and Barbuda, in the northwest of the island Antigua because of a tightness of the Caribbean sea is been to Saint John's.

The city is an export center for sugar, Rum andCotton as well as for the production of arts and crafts, fiber products, potteries and textiles. The city is interesting also for the tourism. Objects of interest are the court palace (1747), the remnants from away James (1703) and the Saint John's cathedral (1834). 1632 came the first English Kolonistenfrom Saint of cement and Nevis. Starting from 1663 arrived in Saint John's also Kolonisten from England. In 18. Century was the city headquarters for the part of the royal fleet stationed on the Antilleses. 1981 became Saint John's thoseCapital of the again formed independent State of Antigua and Barbuda.

While Redonda of volcanic origin is, Antigua and Barbuda from limes are developed. Only in the southwest Antiguas one finds volcanic rock. Here also the highest collection of the island state, the Boggy peak lieswith 405 meters.

The climate is tropical with a rain time of May until November. With a middle yearly precipitation of approximately 900 millimeters it is relative for Caribbean conditions drying.

See also: List of the places in Antigua and Barbuda

population

common languages are English and one on this based Kreolsprache.

In ethnical regard the population consists to 91% of black African. Besides there are some half-breeds, Europeans and Asiaten.

Adventisten

11% catholic 1% a witness Jehovas 14% other [ work on] policy Antigua and Barbuda.

security politics

the state has an army of 150 soldiers and a navy of 25 soldiers (2 speedboats). The USA transfer an important part in the national security politics, among other things by two rented military bases.

copyright

in Antigua and Barbuda does not give itCopyright. Therefore here also enterprises, which work in the legal gray area, have their seat carrier. E.G. the copying program manufacturer Slysoft, whose CloneCD - copying program in Germany is forbidden.

history

  • until 1200 settling by Arawak - Indians from the Orinoko area
  • approx. 1200 Kariben from South America occur and spread
  • to 1493 discovery by Christoph Kolumbus
  • 1628 settlement Barbudas by the British
  • 1632 settlement Antiguas by British settlers: first tobacco, then cultivation of sugar
  • 1680 until late 19. Jhd. Barbuda goes to the familyCodrington
  • 19. Century abolishment of the slavery: economist. Wing over
  • 1870 Antigua and Barbuda combines
  • 1956 Antigua and Barbuda become independent colony
  • 1958 to 1962 province of the westIndian federation
  • since 1967 complete autonomy relating to domestic affairs - foreign policy by Great Britain
  • May 1968 Member of the Caribbean Free trade Association (CARIFTA)
  • 1. November 1981 independence from Great Britain.

Heads of state

reign name dynasty life data
1837 - 1901 Victoria I. Hanover 1819 - 1901
1901 - 1910 Edward VII. Saxonia Coburg 1841 - 1910
1910 - 1936 George V. Windsor 1864 - 1936
1936 Edward VIII. Windsor 1894 - 1972
1936 - 1952 George VI. Windsor 1895 - 1952
1952 - Elizabeth II. Windsor 1926 -

See also:

infrastructure

  • airport: Vere C. Bird internationally air haven on the island Antigua (IATA - airport code: ANU)

culture

Web on the left of


coordinates: 17° 3 ′ N, 61° 48 ′ W

Wiktionary: Antigua and Barbuda - word origin, synonyms and translations
 

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