Antigua and Barbuda
Wahlspruch: Each Endeavouring, universe Achieving
|system of government||constitutional monarchy|
|system of government||Parliamentary democracy|
|head of state||queen Elizabeth II. represented by the governor general Sir James Carlisle|
|prime minister|| Baldwin Spencer |
(since 24. March 2004)
| 442 km ²|
-281 km ²
-161 km ²
|number of inhabitants||68,722 (July 2005)|
|population density||of 155.4 inhabitants per km ²|
|gros domestic product/inhabitants||11,124 US-$ (2004)|
|independence||from Great Britain at the 1. November 1981|
|time belt||UTC -4 hours|
|of national anthem||fair Antigua, incoming goods Salute Thee|
the islands Antigua and Barbuda (the earlier Dulcina) form oneindependent island state within the Commonwealth. They lie between the north Atlantic and the Karibik, southeast from Puerto Rico. Besides the uninhabited island Redonda exists.
Table of contents
the area of the Antilles state covers two smaller of the islands over that beside Antigua (280 square kilometers) hoist: Barbuda (161 square kilometers) in the north Antiguas and the uninhabited rock in moose Redonda (a square kilometer)in the southwest. The state has a total area of 442 square kilometers.
Capital of Antigua and Barbuda, in the northwest of the island Antigua because of a tightness of the Caribbean sea is been to Saint John's.
The city is an export center for sugar, Rum andCotton as well as for the production of arts and crafts, fiber products, potteries and textiles. The city is interesting also for the tourism. Objects of interest are the court palace (1747), the remnants from away James (1703) and the Saint John's cathedral (1834). 1632 came the first English Kolonistenfrom Saint of cement and Nevis. Starting from 1663 arrived in Saint John's also Kolonisten from England. In 18. Century was the city headquarters for the part of the royal fleet stationed on the Antilleses. 1981 became Saint John's thoseCapital of the again formed independent State of Antigua and Barbuda.
While Redonda of volcanic origin is, Antigua and Barbuda from limes are developed. Only in the southwest Antiguas one finds volcanic rock. Here also the highest collection of the island state, the Boggy peak lieswith 405 meters.
The climate is tropical with a rain time of May until November. With a middle yearly precipitation of approximately 900 millimeters it is relative for Caribbean conditions drying.
common languages are English and one on this based Kreolsprache.
In ethnical regard the population consists to 91% of black African. Besides there are some half-breeds, Europeans and Asiaten.
in Antigua and Barbuda does not give itCopyright. Therefore here also enterprises, which work in the legal gray area, have their seat carrier. E.G. the copying program manufacturer Slysoft, whose CloneCD - copying program in Germany is forbidden.
- until 1200 settling by Arawak - Indians from the Orinoko area
- approx. 1200 Kariben from South America occur and spread
- to 1493 discovery by Christoph Kolumbus
- 1628 settlement Barbudas by the British
- 1632 settlement Antiguas by British settlers: first tobacco, then cultivation of sugar
- 1680 until late 19. Jhd. Barbuda goes to the familyCodrington
- 19. Century abolishment of the slavery: economist. Wing over
- 1870 Antigua and Barbuda combines
- 1956 Antigua and Barbuda become independent colony
- 1958 to 1962 province of the westIndian federation
- since 1967 complete autonomy relating to domestic affairs - foreign policy by Great Britain
- May 1968 Member of the Caribbean Free trade Association (CARIFTA)
- 1. November 1981 independence from Great Britain.
Heads of state
|1837 - 1901||Victoria I.||Hanover||1819 - 1901|
|1901 - 1910||Edward VII.||Saxonia Coburg||1841 - 1910|
|1910 - 1936||George V.||Windsor||1864 - 1936|
|1936||Edward VIII.||Windsor||1894 - 1972|
|1936 - 1952||George VI.||Windsor||1895 - 1952|
|1952 -||Elizabeth II.||Windsor||1926 -|
- airport: Vere C. Bird internationally air haven on the island Antigua (IATA - airport code: ANU)
- national holiday: 1. November
Antigua and Barbuda |
The Bahamas |
Costa Rica |
Dominican republic |
El Salvador |
Pc. Cement and Nevis |
Pc. Lucia |
Pc. Vincentand the Grenadinen |
Trinidad and Tobago
other areas: American young remote islands | Anguilla | Aruba | British young remote islands | Guadeloupe | Dock one islands | Martinique | Netherlands Antilleses | Puerto Rico | Turks and Caicosinseln
Antigua and Barbuda | Argentina | The Bahamas | Barbados | Belize | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Costa Rica | Dominica | Dominican republic | Ecuador | El Salvador | Grenada | Guatemala | Guyana | Haiti | Honduras | Jamaica | Canada | Colombia | (Cuba) | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama | Paraguay | Peru | Pc. Cement and Nevis | Pc. Lucia | Pc. Vincent and the Grenadinen | Suriname | Trinidad and Tobago | Uruguay | Venezuela | United States
Antigua and Barbuda | Australia | The Bahamas | Bangladesh | Barbados | Belize | Botswana | Brunei | Dominica | Fiji | The Gambia | Ghana | Grenada | Guyana | India | Jamaica | Cameroon | Canada | Kenya | Kiribati | Lesotho | Malawi | Malaysia | Maldives | Malta | Mauritius | Mozambique | Namibia | Nauru | New Zealand | Nigeria | Pakistan | Papua New Guinea | Salomonen | Zambia | Samoa | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | Singapore | Sri Lanka | Pc. Cement and Nevis | Pc. Lucia | Pc. Vincent and the Grenadinen | South Africa | Swaziland | Tanzania | Tonga | Trinidad andTobago | Tuvalu | Uganda | Vanuatu | United kingdom | Cyprus
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coordinates: 17° 3 ′ N, 61° 48 ′ W
|Wiktionary: Antigua and Barbuda - word origin, synonyms and translations|