Antonio Abetti

Antonio Abetti (* 19. June 1846 in San Pietro di Gorizia (Görz) (Italy); † 20. February 1928 in Arcetri (Florenz)) was an Italian astronomer.

Abettis place of birth belonged to the Napoleoni empire until 1814, was between 1814 and 1919 under Austrian administration and fell then at Italy.

Abetti was actually an engineer, turned however 1868, after he received a conclusion in mathematics and engineering at the university of Padua, the astronomy too. He worked until 1893 on the observatory of Padua, the director of the observatory by Arcetri and professor at the university by Florenz was then appointed. The observatory of Arctri, which had been established to 1872 by Giovanni Battista Donati, was partly dissolved after its death. One of the first tasks of Abettis was therefore the list of a telescope that he had built at that time in the workshops of Padua. The objective of this Refraktors consisted the 1839 of G.B. of a zweilinsigen achromatic system of 28 cm opening and 5.33 m focal length . Amici manufactured was.

Abetti worked mainly on the determination of the positions of heavenly bodies. During its time in Padua and Arcetri he accomplished numerous observations of small planet (Asteroiden), comet and star coverages . During an expedition after Muddapur (Bengalen, India) he observed the Venustransit of 1874 by means of a spectroscope.

Abetti was member of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei (Rome), the Royal Astronomical Society (London) and several Italian academies.

Its son Giorgio Abetti (1882 - 1982) became likewise an astronomer and important sunning a physicist.

In honours of father and son Abetti were designated two Mondkrater as well as the Asteroid (2646 ) Abetti.


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