Aphra Behn

Aphra Behn

Aphra Behn (* 10. July? 1640 in Harbledown? Kent, Great Britain; † 16. April 1689 in London; native Aphra Johnson) was an English authoress and first admitted itself of woman in the history of the English literature,with letters earned its living costs.

Aphra Behn was the daughter of Bartholomew Johnson and Elizabeth Denham. When child traveled Aphra Behn probably with its family after Suriname, where it collected the material, which processed it later in its most well-known novel Oroonoko. 1658 came itagain back to England and 1664 it probably married Mister Behn, a buyer, who deceased shortly thereafter. Over the marriage nothing more is well-known. When their man died, she would have itself as a woman 17. Century again to marry, into the monastery or Mätresse must gobecome. Since it - according to own statements - which marriage for financial reasons regarded as “form of the prostitution”, it decided to follow to a gainful employment.

Behn was a decided Tory and a Unterstützerin of the monarchy. It had social connections to the king yard and to CharlesII. Center of the 1660er years worked it as a spy for Karl II. in Holland and Spanish the Netherlands. For its espionage activity it was not paid and had thereupon 1668 because of unpaid debts in the prison. 1670 became their first play - The Forced Marriage -successfully specified.

Aphra Behn became a celebrated (stage) authoress, her wrote 19 years long pieces, Prosa, poems and was active as a translator. Their plays were a significant component of the repertoire of the Londoner stages of the restoration time and early 18. Century. The Rover, their most popular piece,between 1703 and 1750 nearly each year was specified.

Their works remained to center 18. Jh much likes, until they suddenly disappeared from the stages - partially. , because Behns were too generous sharp analyses of sexual double moral and “the good customs” the public. In additionone set its work with their life for more and more directly (bio graphism). The public opinion went by the fact that one pieces of a woman, who lived certainly, worked and did not love specify further could.

Their contemporaries neideten their success. Behn was met with hostility by many sides. In particular theirErotik representations and their sympathy for the Abolitionismus were held against it. 1682 were arrested it even because of “to large liberality” (in the texts of Like Father, Like Son), released however shortly thereafter again. In the same year the King's company and the Duke's company (which fusedBehns of pieces specified) to the United company.

Its Hauptwerk, the novel Oroonoko over slaves in Suriname, became in 18. Century in German and French translates and affected the anti slavery - movement.

The women's movement honours Aphra Behn as one their Vorkämpferinnen. Their work became from thatEnglish literature science in the last 20 years discovers again and investigates.


  • 1670 - The Forced Marriage (play)
  • 1671 - The Amourous Prince (play)
  • 1672 - Covent guards Drollery (authority of Behn denied)
  • 1673 - The Dutch Lover (play)
  • 1675 -Two plays, from which the authority is not completely clear:The Revenge: Or A match in new gate and The Woman Turned Bully
  • 1676 - Abdelazer (tragedy) and The Town Fop (play)
  • 1677 - The Rover - Behns most successful play. For this piece Nell Gwyn turnedon the stage back, in order to play the role of the Hure Angelica Bianca.
  • 1677 - two plays, which probably likewise come from Behn, which is however not completely clarified authority: The Debauchee and The Counterfeit Bridegroom.
  • 1678 - Sir patient Fancy
  • 1679 - TheFeigned Courtesans (Nell Gwyn dedicated) and The Young King into the case (carrying IC comedy).
  • 1681 - The Rover (second part), The False COUNT and The Roundheads
  • 1682 - The town center Heiress (play) and Like Father, Like Son (play - a flop)
  • 1683 - Love LettersBetween A Nobleman and His Sister (novel)
  • 1684 - various publications of poems
  • 1685 - Miscellany (poem collection)
  • 1686 - The Lover's Watch and The Lucky chance (both plays)
  • 1687 - The Emperor OF the Moon (play, farce)
  • 1688 - The fair Jilt (Prosa), Agnes deCastro (Prosa) and Oroonoko (novel).
  • 1689 - The Widow Ranter (play, postum uraufgeführt)
  • 1696 - The Younger bread ago (play, postum uraufgeführt)

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| | * Literature ofand over Aphra Behn in the catalog of the DDB



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