Apple iPod

iPod is a portable MP3-Player of the company Apple, from whom there are different models. The music data can be archived by means of the free software iTunes (likewise of Apple) on the Macintosh - or Windows - computer and be overacted depending upon model via FireWire and/or USB on iPod. Everyone iPod can be used also as external non removable disk. Starting from version 1.2.6 of the firmware it can represent also texts (addresses, dates and notes), which from a computer was overacted, iPods the fifth generation can besides videos, which were coded with MPEG-4 or H.264, show. When inventors iPods of the Tony Fadell regarded, which Apple obligated as a hardware developer.

iPod (fifth generation, 2005)

table of contents

format support 6,4

color of the headphone 6,5 limited volume 6,6 accessories 7 operating system 7,1 Pixo OS 7,2 RXTC 7,3 alternative of operating systems 7,4 iPod Linux 7,5 skirt box 8 alternative archiving software 9 structure 9,1. iPod the shuffle plays only the formats MP3, AAC, WAV and the hearing book format Audible .


Model generation storage capacity max. one. Akkulaufzeit weight mass (H × B × T)
1. Generation 5 GB 10 h 185 g 102.6 × 61.8 × 19.9 mm
of 10 GB
2. Generation 10 GB 10 h 185 g 102.6 × 61.8 × 18.3 mm
of 20 GB 204 g 102.6 × 61.8 × 21.2 mm
of 3. Generation 10 GB 8 h 158 g 103.5 × 61.8 × 15.7 mm
of 15 GB
20 GB
30 GB 176 g 103.5 × 61.8 × 18.7 mm
of 40 GB
4. Generation 20 GB 12 h 158 g 104.0 × 61 × 14 mm
of 40 GB 176 g 104.0 × 61 × 17 mm
of 20 GB with color 15 h 167 g 104.0 × 61 × 16 mm
of 30 GB with color 166 g 104.0 × 61 × 18 mm
of 60 GB with color 181 g 104.0 × 61 × 19 mm
of 5. Generation 30 GB 14 h 136 g 103.5 × 61.8 × 11 mm
of 60 GB 20 h 157 g 103.5 × 61.8 × 14 mm
iPod a mini and iPod first generation
generation 1
first iPod became to 23. October 2001 presented, contained of 5 GB a non removable disk and was only Mac computer - compatible. It became to 21. March 2002 around 10 GB a variant supplements.
Generation 2
to 17. July 2002 imported, with 10 GB and 20 GB non removable disk equipped and as separate versions for Mac and Windows available, was arranged flatter the housing as well as the mechanical Scrollrad was replaced by a touch-sensitive without mobile parts. Since iTunes for Windows did not exist yet, iPod the music match Jukebox was attached to the Windows for synchronizing.
Generation 3
iPod the third generation became to 28. April 2003 imported and was with 10 GB and/or. 20 GB non removable disk equips. To 4. Septembers 2003 became the capacities of 15 to 20 and/or. 30 to 40 GB increases. In January 2004 that was replaced 10 GB equipment by again introduced 15 GB the model. The separation between Mac and Windowsversion was waived. Present so far above the FireWire - connection was down replaced by a multi-function bus, mentioned „dock connection “. With this new connection a dock was brought out at the same time to the upright conditions when simultaneous shop and synchronizing and additionally still another LINE Out exit. The dock connection makes the binding for third manufacturers possible to iPod, which however since in the middle of 2005 license requiring is.
iPod (fourth generation, 2004)
generation 4
imported to 19. July 2004 with 20 GB and 40 GB. The Scrollrad was replaced by the ClickWheel well-known of iPod the mini (the Scrollwheel and keys united in itself). The Akku holds now up to 12 hours, which was reached by improvements in the firmware. iPod can be supplied now via the USB of 2,0 cables not only with data, but also with river. The menu guidance was easily revised. The playing speed of hearing books can be steered, without the being correct frequencies shift. Several on-The-Go Playlists can be administered and also title from these be removed. To 28. All models a color display, the available capacities received June 2005 on 20 GB and 60 GB were changed. The maximum Akkulaufzeit increased from 12 to 15 hours. Besides partially the new models with color display are somewhat heavy and deeper in the dimensions.
iPod with dock (generation 5, 2005)
generation 5
presented to 12. October 2005 with 30 GB and 60 GB and is available beside the standard color white also for the first time in black. It possesses an increased 2.5 " - display with 320 × 240 pixels and as the first iPod the ability video to play. It supported thereby the formats MPEG-4 and H.264, the indicated Akkulaufzeit during video rendition amounts to 2 hours (30 GB) and/or. 3 hours (60 GB). During pure audio rendition a Akkuladung reaches up to 20 hours. With 11 and/or. 14 mm is the 5. Generation clearly flatter than the predecessor generation. In addition it possesses the new functions screen LOCK, Weltzeituhr and stop watch. To the shop at a USB haven this must be able to supply at least 2 A.
iPod nano schwarz (2005)
iPod nano (2005) iPod


iPod of the nano became black to 7. September 2005 of Steve job on a Special music Event presented and replaces iPod the mini.

It is available and be based in three variants (1, 2 and 4 GB) and two colors (black and knows) like iPod the shuffle on NAND Flashspeicher. Thus it is with the masses 40 x 90 x 6.9 mm over approx. 60% smaller than its predecessor, iPod the mini, and approx. 2 mm flatter than iPod the shuffle. iPod the nano possesses like iPod the videos a color display (1.5 " instead of 2,5 "), a ClickWheel and a function for representing pictures. It orients itself also in the Design with its white or black front and the metal back to iPod. The Kopfhöreranschluss is for the first time at the lower equipment edge. iPod the nano is not any more with most extensions (as iTrip) compatibly, because no current supply is more given. It has most functions of its large brother. Were added a Weltzeituhr, a screen LOCK, a stop watch and an Songtext announcement.

Contrary to iPod the generations the 1-4 iPod the nano can be filled only over USB with data, over FireWire can the Akku be only loaded. The Akkulaufzeit amounts to according to manufacturer data 14 hours, in practice still 1-2 hours is more reached.

With some delivered devices problems in quality make themselves noticeably, in particular the black expenditure are very scratch sensitive and provide in parts for frustration with users. Apple shows up however obliging and replaces the damage, if this were caused by the Herstellungsfehler. But only 1% of entire nano-production are affected by the error. So one can be safe that the current production loads are error free. To the newer devices meanwhile as with the expenditure „iPod video “a sleeve from material is attached for the avoidance of scratches.

The sound quality increased opposite iPod, particularly within the bass range.

iPod shuffle

iPod shuffle (2005)
iPod shuffle (2005)

iPod the shuffle (English tons shuffle = (maps) mix) became at the 11. January 2005 presented and possesses a Flash in place of a non removable disk - memory of 512 MT or 1 GB was based. iPod the shuffle does not possess display. Instead it possesses a switch with three positions: 1. Switched off. 2. All pieces in firm order play. 3. The pieces in coincidental order play. One can tape it alternatively via iTunes with coincidental titles, or a certain Playlist on iPod to copy. It is 84 x 25 x 8 mm largely, and it weighs 22 gram.

Earlier models

iPod mini (silber, zweite Generation)
iPod mini (silver, second generation)

iPod mini

Model generation storage capacity max. one. Akkulaufzeit weight mass (H × B × T)
1. Generation 4 GB 8 h 103 g 91 × 51 × 13 mm
of 2. Generation 4 GB 18 h 103 g 91 × 51 × 13 mm
of 6 GB
generation 1
in US in February 2004, in Europe and the remaining world to 24. July 2004 imported, is this a substantially smaller iPod, which however only a non removable disk contained 4 GB. For the menu guidance the ClickWheel is used. There was iPod the mini in five different colors (blue, pink, green, more silver and gold), as Akkulaufzeit indicates Apple to eight hours during middle volume and switched off display lighting. The price was with approx. 260 € in Germany.
Generation 2
to 23. February 2005 new models came on the market. To 4 GB the model additionally still another 6 GB model was added, which became Akkulaufzeit (up to 18 hours), and the colors are increased now clearly more strongly. However is the goldfarbene model been void, thus remains to Pink, blue, green and silver. The moreover the battery charger does not belong any longer to the scope of supply, one can iPod the mini only over the enclosed USB - cables over the interface with the computer load - or the battery charger than accessories acquire. The price for the 4-GB-Modell sank on 198,89 €; the 6-GB-Modell lay with approx. 260 €.

To 7. September 2005 was taken iPod to the mini in favor of the new iPod nano, which is smaller, possesses a color display and in place of a non removable disk a Flashspeicher used, by the market.

iPod photo

iPod photo 60GB
iPod photo 60GB

iPod the photo became to 26. October 2004 of Apple presented and looks like the normal, white iPod, however they differ easily in their dimensions and in the weight. The 30-GB-Version is thicker and around 8 g heavier around 0,4 cm. The 60-GB-Version against it is thicker and around 23 g heavier around 0,5 cm than the normal, white iPod the 4. Generation.

First became iPod the photos in a 40-GB and/or. 60-GB-Version supplied, then was converted the 40-GB into a 30-GB-Modell. The 40-GB-Version differs only in the dimensions, it agrees with the 60-GB-Version (width 6.1 cm, depth 1.9 cm, height of 10.4 cm). iPod the photos possesses a color display (220 x of 176 pixels, 16 bits) and can additionally to the music also pictures indicate and to a television o. A. are attached. With it it is possible to hear or to five hours long for Diashows with music represent 15 hours of music.

iPod the photos supports the representation of the display formats JPEG, BMP, GIF, tiff and png. To make one does not know photos with iPod the photo however. In the software differs iPod the photos only little from the normal iPod. The display is now 7 - and/or. 8-zeilig and colored.

To 28. June 2005 was stopped the production iPod photo. Instead iPod the 4G as well as iPod the U2 Special edition were equipped with a color display. In their functions they do not differ from iPod the photo.

HP iPod

Hewlett-Packard sold 27 since that. August 2004 iPod in the own product selection. If the prototype was still in the typical HP grey, then the final model hardly differed from iPod the fourth generation. Only outward difference was a HP-Logo on the back underneath the apple and the iPod signature. iPod so far only in the USA, under the name „Apple was sold iPod from HP “. It was with $ 299 and/or. $ 399 just as expensively as the original. At this strategic partnership it was interesting that all Desktop PCs and Notebooks of HP with iTunes for PC were before-installed, which good-did to the acceptance of this software important for Apple. At the end of July 2005 terminated Mark of Hurd, the new enterprise boss of HP, this agreement with the reason that these no more into the enterprise strategy of HP do not fit.

iPod „Special edition “


iPod the U2 Special edition came in October 2004 on the market. The first iPod Sondermodell is identical to iPod the fourth generation and contains 20 GB memory. The normally white housing is held in black, the ClickWheel in blood-red. On the back the signatures of the four volume members of U2 are engraved. Since July 2005 iPod the U2 possesses now also in the meantime the color display usual with all other models. iPod the U2 developed for music Group (UMG) as part of a partnership and a common marketing campaign between Apple, U2 and that universal.

To 12. October 2005 it was adjusted in favor of the black iPods the fifth generation.

Unofficial „Special edition “

Xavier Naidoo

iPod the Xavier Naidoo Special edition came in November 2005 on the market. Exclusively only the iPod Sondermodell available in Europe is identical to the black iPod the fifth generation and contains 30 GB memory. On the back the star Logo of the singer is accommodated as well as the sequential number of the special edition limited on 1.000 pieces.

On iPod is the complete new album telegram for X, plentifully video material and further hits of Xavier the Naidoo. All audio and video TRACK are provided on a special Backup DVD. In addition the buyer receives entrance to a protected part of the Special Website, on which special Downloads, exclusive news and some surprises for the fan wait.

Apple Xavier Naidoo are offered iPod over the grave to net curtains and over a special graduation web page. In the meantime it turned out that the Xavier Naidoo Special edition is not an official extra charge of Apple. The web pages concerned are not accessible partly any longer.

Mousse T.

The limited Mousse T. Special edition is offered since November 2005 and is identical to the white iPod nano. It is however no official extra charge of Apple and only over the Apple dealer grave is driven out. The capacity amounts to 4 GB and contains 51 selected Songs and photos of Mousse T. On the back an autograph of Mousse T.und the serial number of the Special edition is engraved. The buyer entrance to a protected part of the official Mousse T keeps. - homepage additional. Resulted the edition from the Kooperatioon of grave with the disk company Peppermint Jam. The price is somewhat higher € with 299 than that iPod of the nano available in the Apple Shop.


iPod is, and. A. because of claimant marketing - the expenditure (Design, image, advertisement), since its introduction in December 2001 particularly on the US market for digital music players extraordinarily successfully. In the fourth quarter 2005 14 million were delivered iPods, with which the total number of the sold devices rises to over 42 million. iPod, particularly in the USA, holds a large market share within the range of the non removable disk Player, and this, although Player of other manufacturers offer partly lower prices, longer Akkulaufzeiten and more functionality. Competitors are and. A. the Zen and MuVo model rows and the Player of the enterprise, offered by Creative , more iRiver.


Griffin iTrip

with iPod only the most necessary are provided there, approximately around iPod their own industry of accessory manufacturers formed. The offered products reach from standard accessories such as sleeves up to FM transmitters, with whose assistance iPod of the music wirelessly at UKW radios can transfer (in Germany only certified with CE-marking and a transmitting power upto max. 50nW). iPods since the 3. Further functions permit generation , place like clay/tone photographs or various interfaces ready by means of additional hardware (approximately for the connection from digital cameras to the transfer of digital images of the camera onto iPod).

Different offerers (among other things also Apple) developed systems for integration iPod in HiFi plants or “basis stations” with loudspeakers, in order to be able to use iPod also without headphones.

Since autumn 2004 is available for some BMW - automobiles a firmly inserted iPod adapter. In January 2005 Mercedes Benz Germany presented „iPod the interface kit “. The representation of the titles is to be made by the central display of the vehicle, become iPod Menüfunktionen such as rendition list or album and volume at the multi-function steering wheel released. iPod effected in the glove subject, the configuration is attached automatically. Also for the mini „a glove specialized adapter is “on the market since February 2005. In the meantime nearly all large car manufacturers have appropriate iPod adapters. In addition many original and after Market car radios with change-over switch price increase with an adapter can be re-tooled, which responds iPod like a CD change-over switch and can it thus completely by the car radio be steered. iPods become every now and then Modeaccessoires and status symbols.

Criticism at the iPod concept

Akku, replacement

with the Design of all iPod models was not considered the change of the blocked internal Akkus on the part of the users. Depending upon design (iPod, iPod mini) Akkus of third manufacturers are available (approx. USD 30). The installation in self-direction is possible, even if fate relating to crafts is from emergencies.

Apple offers an exchange service outside of the guarantee period, concerning the price attractively is this however not (approx. USD 100).

With the newer small iPods (shuffle, nano) the high integration of the construction units and the execution does not permit a Akkutausch without soldering work to the internal wiring.

Economically as ecologically the question arises, how is to be proceeded with the devices, if the life span of the Akkus their end zuneigt itself. It remains being waiting whether Apple or third create here in the future the market for a financially justifiable and ecologically responsible processing of the otherwise probably still functional devices.

For the charge of the Akkus a computer are available faraway of Apple and Drittherstellern as accessories battery chargers. A Travel kit optionally available of Apple permits the use of the load adapter in practically all countries. There are not problems with different tensions thereby.

Software and data communication

Apple profit from the fact that one is forced with the installation of iTunes Apple QuickTime to along-install at the same time and a direct entrance to iTunes music net curtain in the program of iTunes is present.

Format support

although the technology iPods in principle able is to play most diverse audio formats has Apple itself with the development mainly on the MP3 - as well as its advancement, which limits AAC format. Thus users are iPods apart from internal iTunes music net curtain excluded from other music down load services, because these with few exceptions particularly the Windows Media - technology prefer. Users, who the open Ogg Vorbis - audio format präferieren, are dependent on the installation of an alternative iPod operating system, since also this format is not considered by Apple.

Color of the headphones

although the current iPods (5. Generation and nano) also in the color are black available, only white headphone are still provided, which does not fit coloured the equipment. The provided white headphones serve the recognizing value according to Apple.

Limited volume

by a legal default in France is limited the volume of mobile music devices with headphones to a certain value, before possible hearing damages is to protect which consumers. Thus Apple delivers all European models iPod by a limited playing volume, is marked iPods by a sticker with the reference that with full volume hearing damages can occur. At iPods the first generation one could out-lever this delimitation by deletion of a certain file, with newer models helps out special programs thereby, niedrigpegelige photographs louder by headphones to show. Thus there is for example the program „goPod “, which can waive the volume delimitation. When a process threatened the inventor by Apple, it transformed the program into an open SOURCE - application, so that the source code was now freely in the Internet available. At iPods the fifth generation the maximum volume can be specified since the firmware design 1.1.1 and closed by a code.


in the scope of supply the most current iPods (iPod 5G, iPod nano, iPod shuffle) no battery charger are there, are bound one to spend additional money on a power pack if one liked to load the models specified before not at the PC over the USB - plugs, but externally at a plug socket.

In addition criticism at Apple became loud, after the manufacturer introduced „the larva for iPod “Logo, which accessory manufacturer on its products to print to be allowed, if they exhaust 10% of their conversion with this accessories at Apple. According to Apple the Logo is to help the customers to find products which function guaranteed with their iPod. Meanwhile Apple expanded this action and made the participation in this program for the accessory manufacturers the obligation, as long as they use the dock connection iPod. Without a participation Apple does not betray the pin allocation of the dock connection. The moreover one Apple with iPod the nano has and iPod 5. Towards. the connection for the remote maintenance removes. Over this haven many accessories had referred the river (z. B. iTrip, flashlights etc.) with the distance are again bound the manufacturers to the dock connection. Thus only accessories are not bound Logo such as bags, protective plastic films and headphones to „the larva for iPod “.

Operating system

Pixo OS

something similar as the hardware bought and to the own needs adapted Apple also the operating system software iPods. In the first generation the Player a software was the basis named Pixo OS in version 2.1, which by the company of the same name Pixo was produced particularly for MP3-Player. Some former Apple coworkers were employed with Pixo, which probably facilitated the business connection.

Due to some differences between Pixo and Apple the development of the software was bought up allegedly together with the coworkers working on it by Apple. “Pixo OS” is not specified starting from the second generation no more separately in the “About” - menu. Pixo was bought in the meantime by Sun Microsystems and concentrates on the development of Java - applications.


with the introduction iPods of the third generation changed Apple to a real time processing system named RXTC of the texanischen company Quadros. Version 3.2 of this OS adapted Apple to hardware and Design. RXTC can be adapted due to its serviceability on various microprocessors and DSP - chips also well to future devices, particularly since with the support by multitasking also future extensions can be easily developed. Apple with a version change marked the change on 2.x.

Alternative operating systems

Linux on iPod

several ambitionierte programmers sat down it to the goal of creating executable alternatives to the original Apple operating system. Often one would like to go around existing problems and restrictions in this way on own risk. In addition counts in particular the missing support of certain audio formats or missing cross fades between music pieces. Beside particularly for iPod “iPod Linux” developed give it also skirt box - the project, which was developed first for other Player.

iPod Linux

several ambitionierte programmers sat down it to the goal of programming an executable Linux operating system for iPod. However at present not all generations and models are supported officially of iPodLinux. Are supported iPods the 1. to 3. Generation. Potenziell runs the system however on all iPods, except which iPod Shuffle, for which no support is planned. The other models the Linux operating system still is in development, can however be installed. The innovations are among other things representing pictures and videos on iPod. Also the number of plays became around z. B. Tetris and space Invaders extend. Two of the most interesting achievements are probably the GameBoy - emulator, which makes it possible, GameBoy plays on iPod to play and a Portierung of the classical author DOOM. The support of the Ogg Vorbis - format and various MOD - formats are almost posed. In addition is available under Linux improved photograph functions, which produces a by far better quality with 96 kHz Samplingrate as the Apple firmware with only 8 kHz.

Rockbox auf einem iPod nano
Skirt box on one iPod nano

skirt box

skirt box for the “Archos Jukebox” developed, there some dissatisfied users their hardware better to originally use wanted. After the independent firmware became also on iRiver postage ores, to have the developers to 28. January 2006 the rudimentary support iPods imported. The software does not support the iPod data base contrary to iPod Linux yet, so that the users are dependent on file navigation at present. With the alternative software - contrary to the original firmware iPods - it is now also possible the formats OGG Vorbis, FLAC and WAV - files to play. Additionally the Gapless Playback is supported.

Alternative archiving software

beside Apple iTunes - further programs for the administration of the music and data exist to software iPods from different third offerers. In addition the open SOURCE program counts gtkpod, that on the platform-independent GTK2-Bibliothek is based and offers thus also Unix and GNU/Linux users a possibility of using iPod. Out gtkpod the separated program library libgpod is used by some further programs like the International Telecommunication Union-it-similar Audioplayer amaroK.


the central processor iPod is manufactured by PortalPlayer, which sketched also the reference Design for the portable MP3 Player, which became after of Apple entrance iPod. PortalPlayer was involved also in the development of the user surface iPods, in which also the company Pixo cooperated.

iPod, iPod photo and iPod mini

interior life one iPods, third generation
  • dual core ARM - processor (90 MHz (1. to 3. Generation) and/or. 80 MHz (starting from the 4. Generation)) of PortalPlayer, Inc.
  • Frequency range: 20Hz up to 20,000 cycles per second
  • of 1,8 tariff - non removable disk with 20, 30 or 60 GB (iPod, iPod U2 and iPod photo) and 1 tariff non removable disk inserted by Hitachi with 4 or 6 GB (iPod mini
  • ) lithium ion Akku firmly
  • 2-Zoll-Farb liquid crystal screen with 220x176 pixel (with iPod mini 1.67 tariff) and background lighting
  • 2,5-Zoll-Farb liquid crystal screen with 320x240 pixel (iPod video)
  • control elements: depending on series touch-sensitive Scrollrad or mechanical Scrolltasten, mechanical Hold key on the top side
  • headphone exit (iPod photo: combined audio and TV-exit)
  • connection for remote maintenance (starting from the second generation with separate connection; first generation has the connection of ring around the Kopfhöreranschluss)
  • dock connection system (starting from the third generation)
  • FireWire - interface to the data communication and for loading the Akkus
  • USB-2.0-Schnittstelle to the data communication and for loading the Akkus
  • housing-move-hurry from high-grade steel and front from PP (iPod, U2 iPod and iPod photo) and anodized aluminum (iPod mini)

iPod shuffle

  • processor of SigmaTel
  • frequency range: 20Hz to 20.000Hz
  • 512 MB/1 GB Flash memory of Samsung
  • lithium ion Akku firmly inserted
  • control elements on the front: mechanical keys for Play/break, volume and forwards/back; on the back: Choice slidegate valves for coincidence rendition and normal order, battery status key
  • two light emitting diodes on the front inform about the status iPods
  • of the Akkuanzeige about a light emitting diode in the Akkustatustaste
  • USB-2.0-Schnittstelle to the data communication and for loading the Akkus


the earphones are admit for their white color and their Design. They became a brand name iPods and represent a recognizing symbol. „The white earphones show that you enjoy, are called your music with style “it according to of Apple product description iPod of the shuffles.

The cable possesses the color white/grey, which is attached with an oblong jack plug (3.5 mm) into the Kopfhöreranschluss iPods. The cable run is reciprocal. In the scope of supply existing cable-bound headphones iPods work with 18 mm drivers and possess neodymium - magnets as transducers. The frequency range is enough from 20 to 20,000 cycles per second. In the scope of supply ear pads are present, which one can fasten to the earphones.

The earphones are additionally expandable with a cable remote maintenance (until iPod 4G), which all important control functions, as „Play/stop pre and rewind “, regulate volume and „Hold “contained. The manipulation „of the Hold “- key of the remote maintenance does not have effects on to iPod „Hold present “- key and closes thus only the keys of the remote maintenance.



  • 23. October 2001: Conception first iPod with 5-GB-Festplatte
  • 21. March 2002: Introduction of a second model with 10-GB-Festplatte
  • 17. July 2002: Announcement of the 2. Generation iPods with 10 - and 20-GB-Festplatte and the following innovations:
    • Both models also as Microsoft Windows - version available
    • replacement of the mechanical Scrollrades by a contact-sensitive variant
    • remote maintenance in the headphone cable
  • 28. April 2003: Conception of the 3. Generation with the following changes:
    • new, still flatter Design
    • of 3 models with 10, 15 - or 30-GB-Festplatte
    • contact-sensitive one instead of mechanical keys
    • dock Connector in place of the FireWire socket
    • connection by USB 2,0 at PC possible
    • Verkürzung of the Spieldauer with a Akkuladung of 10 to 8 hours
  • 8. September 2003: 20- and 40-GB-Modelle of the 3. Generation available.
  • September 2003: Over one million iPods sells


  • January 2004: Announcement iPod of the mini. Planned publication: February in America, April in Europe. Characteristics „of the small brother “:
    • ClickWheel: TouchWheel and keys for the first time under a surface unite
    • available in five colors: silver, blue, green, pink and gold
  • 17. February 2004: Over 100.000 iPod mini mini-Vorbestellungen.
  • 20. February 2004: Distribution iPod of the mini in America
  • 25. March 2004: More European iPod on July 19 shifted
  • mini sales start. July 2004: 20- and 40-GB-Modelle of the 4. IPod generation available.
    • the estimated Spieldauer (according to manufacturer) of 8 to 12 hours increases
    • Click Wheel
  • 24. July 2004: Distribution iPod of the mini in Europe
  • 26. October 2004: Conception iPod photo and the limited iPod U2:
    • iPod photo:
      • Color display
      • improved Akkudauer of 15 and/or. Non removable disk capacity of 40 increased 5 hours (
      • music/Diashow) and/or. 60 GB
      • TV-interface
    • iPod U2 Special edition:
      • black front, red Click Wheel
      • 4 signatures of the volume members of U2 on the back engraves
      • discount on „The Complete U2 “on iTunes music net curtain


  • 11. January 2005: Conception iPod shuffle
    • 2 models with 512 MT and/or. 1 GB storage location on Flash memory basis
    • 18 hours of battery running time
    • USB interface
    • no display, coincidence rendition (therefore it the name „iPod shuffle “)
  • 23. February 2005: iPod updates
    • iPod mini (with only four, stronger but, colors) with a non removable disk capacity with 4 and/or. 6 GB available, Akkulaufzeit now 18h instead of as before 8h
    • iPod 4. Generation only with 20 GB available
    • iPod photo again with 30 and/or. 60 GB available
    • and price reductions in the models 28 specified
  • above. June 2005: iPod updates
    • iPod the photos is not available any longer. Instead becomes iPod now with a color display and capacities of 20 and/or. 60 GB offered.
    • Also iPod the U2 Special edition has now a color display. The prices for iPod, iPod U2 Special edition and iPod shuffle 1 GB were lowered.
  • July 2005
    • software updates for the support from Podcasts appears (together with iTunes 4,9, but only for iPods the 4. Generation and iPod mini)
  • 7. September 2005
    • iPod of the nano with 2 and 4 GB Flash memory is presented. iTunes is available in the version 5. iPod the mini is not any longer manufactured.
  • 12. October 2005
    • Apple presents the 5. Generation iPods, which can play now videos for the first time. It is available in 30 GB and 60 GB and just like iPod the nano in two colors. iPod the U2 Special edition is not any longer manufactured. iTunes is available in the version 6 with new video function and video gates. Now into (at least in the American ITMS) also TV serials, music video as well as successful Pixar Kurzfilme for the sales to be offered.


  • 10. January 2006
    • Apple presents the accessories “iPod to radio remote” for iPod video/nano. A new firmware design appeared simultaneous, which corrects the support of the remote maintenance ensured and some errors.
  • 7. February 2006
    • Apple reduces the prices “iPod of the shuffle” - row and introduces iPod the nano with 1 GB.


  • Daniel Mandl: iLife '05 for the Mac. Digital photos and music, providing films, DVDs and Songs. (With information to iPod and iTunes), SmartBooks 2005, ISBN 3-908497-18-3
  • Yasukuni Notomi: iPod - the book to the cult Player. 110 sides, German, O'Reilly 2005, ISBN 3-897214-01-6
  • J.D. Bierstorfer: iPod Shuffle fan Book. 90 sides, English, O'Reilly 2005, ISBN 0-596-10070-1
  • Gerald earthling, Charlotte Stanek: iPod + iTunes. 684 sides, O'Reilly 2005, ISBN 3-897213-96-6
  • Michael Hillenbrand: iTunes and iPod for Windows. 222 sides, Galileo press 2005, ISBN 3-898426-82-3

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