the Arab peninsula (Arab: جزيرةالعرب Dschazīrat aluminum C Arab), also simply Arabia, is between southwest Asia, to which she belongs, and northeast Africa andextends approximately from northwest to southeast. It is before the west Antarctic and front India the largest peninsula of the earth. Together with several adjacent states it forms the Near East.
In the east the peninsula borders on Persian Gulf and the gulf of Oman. At the southern side she by the Arab sea, which to the Indian ocean is belonged, and from the gulf of Aden limits. In the west the Sueskanal and the Red Sea follow .
Tectonically seenthis peninsula forms the Arab plate. Geologically the peninsula belongs to the old African continental mass, even if it is separate by the Grabenbruch of the Red Sea. The peninsula is with the large Nefud in the north and the Rub aluminium-Chali inThe south nearly completely a desert area.
On the Arab peninsula and on the pre-aged islands the today's States of Saudi Arabia , Yemen , Oman , Iraq , united Arab emirates, Bahrain , Qatar and Kuwait lie. Of these statesSaudi Arabia, which is meant colloquially often today with the designation Arabia, is the by far largest country. In addition on the region north the States of Egypt and Jordanian one border.
To table of contents
history before Mohammed
an early realm on the Arab peninsula uninhabitable in far parts was in the south the sagenumwobene Saba. In the 3. Century v. Chr. the realm Himyar won, thatbecause of the southwest point was, at power; it expanded its rule range in the following centuries until Somaliland and Sansibar and conquered around 300 also Hadramaut, that because of the Weihrauch - and Myrrhe - cultivation since age ago meaningwas. From 355 to 378 Abessinien subjected the realm Himyar and christianisierte it. Under the protection of the Sassaniden it succeeded, at the beginning 6. Century the Himyarkönig Nuwas (Yusuf), to establish a large realm in the south of the island; Nuwas took thatJewish faith on. After a Christian pursuit by Nuwas Abessinien subjected the realm. The Abessiniern 572/75 628/30 the Persian Sassaniden followed.
In inside Arabia the Kinda is worth mentioning - federation. In the north existed first the realm of the Nabatäer, then the realm Palmyra,later also the realms of the Ghassaniden and laugh-avoided, which were likewise conquered at the end by the Persern. In the west Oman ( contemporaneous with Yemen) under Persian control, the region Jamama also stood still played up to death Mohammeds a its ownRole.
Web on the left of
|Wikiquote: Arab proverbs - quotations|