Aram Chatschaturjan

Aram Chatschaturjan
Aram Chatschaturjan

Aram Chatschaturjan (Armenian ԱրամԽաչատրյան, scientific transliteration Aram Xač `atryan); well-known under its Russian name АрамИльичХачатурян/Aram Iljitsch Chatschaturjan; * 6. June 1903 in low-read; † 1. May 1978 in Moscow) was an Armenian composer.Its compositions are affected by the Armenian people music.

Table of contents

lives

it grew in low-reads as a son of a poor book binder family up and was already early from the Armenian, Georgian and Azerbaijani music of its environmentfascinated. During its school time it played tenor horn. He learned Russian and went to Moscow biology over there studying. But after few months it already changed to music-educational Institut Gnessin and wrote themselves there for cello. After three years it changed inthe composition class and a further year later already its first composition went into pressure. Then it changed Muscovites to the conservatoire and learned there with Nikolai Mjaskowski and Mikhail Gnessin. 1933 it terminated its study at the age of 30 years and married its Kommilitonin Nina Makarowa.

Its first large work was its thesis (diploma), the first Symphonie of 1934. With its piano concert of 1937 it began internationally admits to become, what with its Violinkonzert of 1940, which it for David Oistrach wrote, nor increased.

Chatschaturjan wrote also someOriginal works for blowing orchestra (S. List of works).

Apart from its activity as a composer it directed concerts starting from 1950 at home and abroad, particularly with own works. 1951 it appointed as the professor for composition at the Muscovite conservatoire, beside also still at music-educational Institut Gnessin. In addition was itlong years member of the organizing committee of the Soviet composer federation.

He attained world fame with his piano concert, which Violinkonzert and the ballet “Gajaneh”, which contains its most well-known work, the sword dance. Broad admittingness received the sword dance by the film unity, two, three from Billy of savages, with that Liselotte powder to the music on a table Striptease dances. Much is also its ballet admits Spartacus and the play music masquerade. He was also a composer of the hymn of Armenian CSSR.

Aram Chatschaturjans haven-guesses/advises is also on the Armenian 50 Dram- Note [1].

Also its nephew Karen is a composer.

works

of stage works

ballet

  • the luck - ballet in 3 documents and a Epilog, libretto: Owanesjan Kimika, 1939
  • Gayaneh - ballet in 4 documents and a Epilog, libretto: K.Dershawin, 1942, revises 1952, 1957,
  • Spartakus -Ballet in 4 documents, libretto: N.Wolkow, 1954, premiere: Leningrad of 1956

orchestra works

symphonies and other orchestra works

  • Tanzsuite - 5 sentences, 1933
  • symphony Nr.1 - of 1934
  • two dances - 1935
  • symphony Nr.2 (“symphony with the bell”) - 1943, reworked 1944
  • choreographic tome - 1944
  • Russian Fantasie -Konzerttranskription of a scene from the ballet “the luck”, 1944/45
  • symphony Nr.3 (“Sinfonie Poem”) - in a sentence for orchestras, organ and 15 trumpets, 1947
  • desert in memoriam Lenin - after the film music, 1949
  • the battle at the Volga - sinfonische Suite by program in 8 sentences, 1950
  • Solemn Poem - 1952
  • greeting Ouvertüre - to the opening of the XXI.Parteitages of the CPSU, 1959

works for solo instrument and orchestra

  • piano concert - 1936
  • Violinkonzert - 1940
  • cello concert - 1946
  • rhapsody for violin and orchestra - 1961/62
  • rhapsody for cello and orchestra - 1963
  • rhapsody for piano andOrchestra - 1967

Suiten

  • Suite from the ballet “the luck” Nr.1 - 1939
  • Suite from the ballet “the luck” Nr.2 - 1939
  • Suite from the ballet “Gayaneh” Nr.1 - 1943
  • Suite from the ballet “Gayaneh” Nr.2 - 1943
  • Suite from the ballet “Gayaneh” Nr.3 - 1943
  • Suite from the stage music “masquerade” - 1943
  • Suite from the music to the film “the battle of Stalingrad” - 1949
  • Suite from the stage music “the widow of Valencia” - 1953
  • Suite from the ballet Spartakus " Nr.1 - 1955-57
  • Suite from the ballet Spartakus "Nr.2 - 1955-57
  • Suite from the ballet Spartakus " Nr.3 - 1955-57
  • Suite from the stage music “Lermontow” - 1953
  • Suite from the ballet Spartakus " Nr.4 - of 1967

other orchestra works

  • march for blowing orchestra Nr.1 - 1929
  • march for blowing orchestra Nr.2 - to the 10. anniversary of Armenian CSSR, 1930
  • Two pieces after Armenian song topics - for blowing orchestra, 1933
  • two pieces after Uzbek song topics - for blowing orchestras, 1933
  • Sangesur march - for blowing orchestra, 1938
  • the heroes of the patriotic war - march for blowing orchestras, 1942
  • march of the Soviet police

chamber music

  • dance B major op.1 - forViolin and piano, 1926
  • Liedpoem - for violin and piano, in honours of the Aschugen, 1929
  • Allegretto - for violin and piano, 1929
  • Suite - for Viola and piano, 1929-32
  • dance - for Balalaika and Domra, 1929-32
  • double joint - for caper quartet, 1932
  • Violinsonate - 1932
  • Trio- for clarinet, violin and piano, 1932
  • Rezitativ and joint - for caper quartet, expenditure of the work of 1932 Sonate Fantasie
  • worked on C major - for Violoncello solo, 1974
  • Sonate - for violin solo, 1975
  • Sonate - for Viola of solo, 1976

piano works

piano to 2 hands

  • Valse Caprice - 1926
  • dance g-Moll - 1926
  • Poem cis Moll - 1927
  • march - 1929
  • seven joints - 1929, (later been received the seven Rezitative and joints)
  • seven Rezitative and joints - 1928/29 and 1970
  • Toccata it-Moll - 1932
  • Budjonowka - after a song topic of Dawidenko, 1932
  • mass dance - 1932
  • child album number 1 - 10 pieces of character, 1926-47
  • Fughetta - 1947
  • Sonatine C major - 1959
  • Sonate C major - dedicated N.I.Mjaskowski, 1961
  • child album number 2 - 10 pieces, 1964
  • the adventures of the Iwan

of works for 2 pianos

  • Suite in 3 sentences - after the film music“Humans” and the song of “daughters of Iran”, 1944/45

Vokalinstrumentale of works

choir or Singstimme and orchestra

  • song of the Aschugen - for choir and orchestra after Bairamow from Tausa, 1937/38
  • Sinfoni Poem - with conclusion choir “song of the Aschugen” for choir and orchestra, 1938
  • three concert airs - for highVoice and orchestra after words of Armenian poets, 1944-46
  • desert of the joy - for Mezzosopran, mixed choir, Unisonoensemble of the violins, 10 harps and orchestras after Smirnow, 1956
  • Ballade of the homeland - for bass and orchestra after Garnekerjan, 1961
  • you, Arab friends - Kantate for choirand orchestras, 1964
  • in the memory to the heroes - Oratorium, 1976

songs

  • our future - Burunow, 1931
  • new song - Tscharenz, 1932
  • it grew the grain - Gidasch, 1932
  • Pepos song - Tscharenz, 1934
  • on the Gogolboulevard - Michalkow, 1935
  • on to the fight, Camarados -Smoljan, 1936
  • garden, my dear garden - Lebdew Kumatsch, 1938
  • daughters of Iran - Lachuti, 1939
  • romance Nina - from the play music “masquerade”, 1941
  • captain Gastello - Lugin, 1941
  • the Baltic Sea - Radionow, from the play music “the bell play in the Kremlin”, 1942
  • the powerful Urals - Barto, 1943
  • Guard march - Lebdew Kumatsch, 1942
  • you my Urals - Slawin, 1943
  • men of the Urals are magnificent fighters - Garto, 1943
  • I waits yours - Slawin, 1943
  • hymn of Armenian CSSR - 1944
  • song of the homeland - Rubljew, 1948
  • song of the anger - Rubljew, 1948
  • songof Jerewan - Graschi, 1948
  • song of the heart - Michalkow, 1949
  • my homeland - Sadofjew, 1950
  • Armenian Trinkspruch - Graschi, 1950
  • song of the girl - Graschi, 1950
  • the luck carpet - Graschi, 1951
  • my homeland - Gridow, 1951
  • peace oath - Rubljew, 1951
  • song that peace fighter inside -Ostrowa, 1951
  • I called you with a flower… - Graschi, 1952
  • tomes of the friendship - Rubljew, 1952
  • Vokalise of the Desdemona - from the film music “Othello”, 1956
  • soldier song - from the film music “Othello”, 1956
  • song of the pasture tree - from the film music “Othello”, 1956
  • Frühlingskarneval -Gradow, 1956

play and Filmmusiken

  • music to the play “destroyed hero” - 1929-32
  • music to the play “Chatabala” - 1929-32
  • music to the play “eastern dentist” - 1929-32
  • music to the play “Macbeth” of Shakespeare - 1934
  • music to the film “Pepo” - 1934
  • music to the film “Sangesur” - 1937/38
  • Music to the film “the garden” - 1938
  • music to the film “Salawat Julajew” - 1939
  • music to the play “the widow of Valencia” of Lope de Vega, 1940
  • music to the play “masquerade” of Lermontow, 1941
  • music to the play “the bell play of the Kremlin” of Pogodin, 1942
  • music to the play “Glubokaja Raswedka” of grain, 1943
  • music to the film “humans” - 1944/45
  • music to the film of “prisoners Nr.217” - 1945
  • music to the play “fairy tale of the truth” of Aliger, 1946
  • music to the film “the Russian question” - 1947
  • music toFilm “you a homeland” - 1948 music
  • to the film “Vladimir Iljitsch Lenin” - 1948 music
  • to the play “Ilja Golowin” have from Michalkow, 1949
  • music to the film “the battle of Stalingrad” - 1949
  • music to the film “in secret mission” - 1950
  • music to the film“Admiral Uschakow” - 1953
  • music to the film of “ships bastions” storm - 1953
  • music to the play “that protection gel of Nebraska” of Jakobson, 1953
  • music to the play “Lermontow” of Lawronjew, 1954
  • music to the film “Othello” - 1955
  • music to the film “Saltanat” - 1955
  • music toPlay “Macbeth” of Shakespeare, 1955
  • music to the film “eternal flame” - 1956
  • music to the film “the duel” - 1957
  • music to the play “Lönig Lear” of Shakespeare, 1958
  • music to the film “humans and animal” - 1960

vowel music

  • song of the Black Sea fleet - for man choir afterStone mountain, 1931
  • Komsomolzenlied of the Schachtarbeiter - for mixed choir after Sitkowski, 1932
  • three pioneer songs - after Wladimirowski and Michalkow for child choir with piano company, 1933
  • fame our native country - after Lebedew Kumatsch for soloists, choir and piano, 1943
  • about which children dream - after Gradow for child choir andPiano
  • march song and song of the Russian sailors - after the Filmmusiken over admiral Uschakow, for man choir A cappella after Surkow, 1955

Transkriptionen

  • of songs of the peoples of the USSR - of 30 songs, works on 1929-32 choreographic tome for piano
  • for different occupations, - to 1944
  • NOC-do gymnastics from the Suite“Masquerade” for violin and piano, 1948
  • fragments from the play music “Othello” for piano - works on 1956 flute concert from the Emin Khatchaturian
  • , - after the Violinkonzert transliterates P.Rampal from J. - after a suggestion of Aram Khatchaturian, 1968
  • mass dance (piano) for accordion
  • tome from “masquerade” for piano, 1953

literature

  • Marie Biesold: Aram Chatschaturjan (1903-1978), composer between Caucasus and Moscow. Study to the transkaukasischen music and for the piano work of the Armenian national composer. Joke mouth 1989 (ISBN 3-9802019-1-0)
  • Friedbert Streller: Aram Chatschaturjan. Leipzig 1968

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