Work educating camps

work educating camps so mentioned (AEL) were called in the third realm forced laborer meeting camp, which was established starting from 1940 by the secret state police.

There the local Gestapo officials knew workers because of alleged “default of their work obligation” at short notice deportieren to leave. After a circular order of the Reichsführers SS Heinrich Himmler of 15. Decembers 1942 were created additionally in the larger enterprises, in whose proximity no AEL was, provisional punishing camps under supervision of the state police directing centers, in which the locking up were guarded by member of the factory protection force.

In order the dimensions and background to clarify: however in the province Schleswig-Holstein gave it 1943 scarcely 130,000 forced laborers. That corresponded almost quarter of humans working in the country. Assigned they were particularly in the agriculture. For the “wartime economy at that time “they were indispensable.

Arrested the AEL were to approximately two thirds foreign forced laborers from different enterprises, kidnapped from the war-occupied countries, the one escape attempt had undertaken or the insubordination, which “Bummelei” or sabotage had been accused of. Likewise were there unexpectedly also realm-German workers, whose self-will broken or should become “disciplined”.

With “work educating camp” one threatened: “who lays down the work, instigates other workers, leaves working premises arbitrarily”. Gestapo arbitrariness reacted to announcements and Denunziationen of employers and authorities, made from the instrument of the “provisional protective custody” use and knows into a work educating camp in.

The arrest duration was limited on 8 weeks until 3 months, thus the prisoners soon again on the war-important job for the order conditions. The order to the “briefing” took place without legal proceedings and without publication of the detention duration. Humans were frequently KZ - conditions resembled suspended.

One estimates that altogether about 400,000 humans ranked among the victims of these AEL. To end of war also these prisoners were exposed in many places to war final phase crimes.

overview to work educating camps 1940-45

: Addition of a local chronicleIssmer, peoples: “The work educating camp Ohrbeck with Osnabrück”. Steinbacher, Osnabrück C 2000. 535 S. ISBN 3-9805661-9-6
today's country, Land of the Federal Republic, area subordinates Gestapo place utilizablesneeze-sends to company Produkt other info.
France several changing places organization Todt west barrier [[]]
German Reich many changing places organization Todt realm motorway [[]]
Schleswig-Holstein work educating camp north Mark with Kiel at the Russee getting EN brewery, land and sea-lightweight construction GmbH, concrete building firm Ohle & Lovisa, north country fish factory gravel pit, building of shelters [[]]
Hamburg Hamburg William castle [[]]
Bremen naval camp Bremen Farge, last Rekumer heath building of submarine shelters several times shifts Lower Saxony Liebenau
starting from 1943 Lower Saxony Ohrbeck with Osnabrück at the hare Klöckner of works GM hut iron ore [

[work educating camp and work breed camp “Augustaschacht”

] ] with Nienburg at the Weser company Wolff & Co and its subsidiary EIBIA building of powder factories [[]]
North Rhine-Westphalia Aachen Aachen Burtscheid [1]
North Rhine-Westphalia Aachen, Gestapochef Kriminalrat smelling pool of broadcasting corporations brook hurrying village EBV mining industry [2]

North Rhine-Westphalia Aachen, Gestapochef Kriminalrat smelling pool of broadcasting corporations brook Hückelhoven EBV, pit Sophia Jacoba mining industry [3]
North Rhine-Westphalia Aachen, Gestapochef Kriminalrat smelling pool of broadcasting corporations brook when village EBV, pit Anna mining industry [4]

North Rhine-Westphalia Lahde at the Weser with external command in stone mountains Prussian electricity corporation (Prussia Elektra) building of a hard coal power station and barrage weir of the central land channel in Petershagen [[]]
North Rhine-Westphalia Hunswinkel with load-separate company “high lowcrushed stone for track and road construction, building of the verse dam [[]]
North Rhine-Westphalia Ahaus jute processing “work breed camp for German dawdler inside (AZL)”
Hessen AEL Frankfurt Heddernheim, with branch offices H “Work educating camps in Northwest Germany 1940 - 1945”. (Mountain Belsen - writings 6) Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Goettingen 2003. 331 S. ISBN the 3-525-35134-8 Gabriele Lotfi: “KZ of the Gestapo. Work educating camp in the third realm ". Stuttgart, Munich 2000. Frankfurt/Main: Fischer paperback Verl. 2003. 451 S. (Zugl.: Bochum, Univ., thesis 1998) ISBN 3-596-15134-1 Andreas Maislinger
. “Work educating camps” and” gypsy notion campWeyer (Innviertel). In: Upper Austria Austria in history and literature with geography, 32. Class, May June/July August 1988, booklet ¾ Gunnar judge: “The work educating camp Breitenau (1940 - 1945): a contribution to the National Socialist storage system ". Kassel, Univ., Diss., 2004. 649 S.
of Matthias's Wagner: ““Work makes free” - hard labour in load-separate 1939-1945”. Load-separate 1997. [Work on] Web on the left of detention places and prisons of the Gestapo chronicle of that “destruction by work” in the AEL Hunswinkel with load-separate among other things The AEL Fehrbellin in northwest Brandenburg was the central woman punishing camp for citizens of Berlin forced laborer inside the AEL north Mark at the Russee in the southwest of Kiel 1944-1945


  > German to English > (Machine translated into English)