Archives

Eingang zu den Archivkammern im Palast des Assurbanipals
entrance to the archives chambers in the palace of the Assurbanipals
design of a archives cabinet 16. Century

under archives (Latin archivum from Greek αρχείο (ν), archeío (n), „government “, „official building “) one understands usually one - usually in the long term put on - collection by documentsor information.

However this definition for most specialized of archivists is too indistinct. Public archives do not collect (predominantly), them take over documents, to which lasting value comes, from which provenance places, for which they are responsible. City archives receive documents andother documents from the city administration (and/or. their registration department) offered, evaluates these, taken the money (destroyed) the archives-worthy parts, does not arrange and registers the archives property of lasting value by identification means and places it at expiration of the archives-legally arranged waiting period for the useready.

Public records, national archives and city archives form traditionally the core of the public archives nature. Are closely related university archives and church archives as well as parliament archives. For the excessive quantity of the private enterprises restaurant archives strive. Private archives are also aristocracy archives. Medium archives such as z. B. archives of the broadcasting corporations or picture archives are far more closely than search instruments and economic goods assigned to their carriers than aforementioned public archives. Further see archives sections.

Archives in the sense of this technical archives nature, that in the article archives nature, can the institution is treated in detail (within the range of the public administration: dieBehörde), das Gebäude (siehe Archivbau), den Archivraum oder die Zusammenfassung des Archivguts meinen.

Archives are not for the regret of the specialized archivists a protected term. Everyone, that about beer covercollects, its collection could call archives. An abundance of completely different mechanisms, which document writing, picture, clay/tone or data media as well as special objects, calls itself archives, although it would lie often more near, it as libraries to designate museums or documentation places.

Completely in a diffuse waythe use of the term is archives in the computers - language. Thus for instance systems are called for electronic archiving or for the data protection (see for instance the Tar - to file format) archives.

In the post office-modern culture science archives become as generic term for information andStore of knowledge such as z. B. Libraries uses.

Also in the title of technical periodicals archives meet: z. B. Sudhoffs archives.

To table of contents

inventory maintenance

Since archives to them cultural property ( just like the institutions libraries, museums and offices for monument keeping other cultural property) entrusted durably for future generations to secure is, the problem of the inventory maintenance places itself. On this field cooperate archives, libraries and museums, otherwiseto a large extent separated technical ways go, at most. Preservation for instance a tape should in each institution after the same technical yardsticks, as it also the self understanding restorers - occupation is the basis, take place.

The long-term archiving of digital information raises special problems,since the durability of at present usual data media is very limited. For example already today parts of the magnetic tapes with the data of the Apollo project are no longer readable, because the computers, operating systems and programs from at that time are no longer available.

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Development

the development, that is the order and distortion of the archives property, effected in specialized archives today according to the provenance principle, during in 19. Century the Pertinenzprinzip was far common, that the documents without consideration for their developing connection and their origin(Provenance) after special terms (Pertinenzen) organized. A document torn from the connection has substantially smaller force of expression than a document, which became to leave in its context.

On the basis of the angloamerikanischen area archives work on common standards such as Encoded Archival Context and Encoded ArchivalDescription. Since in the USA archives and libraries are located themselves far more near than in the German-speaking countries, it comes by co-operation in the area of the standardisation to an intensified co-operation of archives and libraries.

It is aimed at that in the futurethe user after uniform standards world-wide in interlaced archive data banks in the identification means of archives to investigate can.

use

above all the development of the data security was the engine for the archives legislation. In public archives world-wide the respect playsbefore sensitive personal data a large role. For example personnel documents can be given usually only some time after the death of the concerning to the use (in Germany 10 to 30 years).

With the arising of the information liberty laws those play in former timesdominating fears, users could harm the administration by insight into authority documents, come prematurely, a ever smaller role. To the documents of the federation and the countries in Germany one rule waiting period from 30 years applies to emergence.

Isolated pilot projects apply for the digitization ofArchives property, in order to make it available in the Internet to the use. At present adjusting identification means into the World Wide Web is generally endorsed, but the thought of open ACCESS for archives property is still hardly common.

archive organizations and career profile

The professional associations serve the technical exchange that archivist inside and archivists and unions of archives as well as archivische technical periodicals (in Germany is in the first place the archivist to call). Only in most recent time archivists use strengthened that Internet to information exchange (Websites, Mailing lists).

see also

archives nature, archives customer, archivist, data security, electronic archiving, long-term archiving, administrative archives, Barbarastollen

to literature

  • Adolf fuel corner: Archives customer, treatment. and suppl. by Wolfgang Leesch, Leipzig 1953.
  • Norbert Reimann (Hg.): Practical archives customer. A manual for specialized employees for medium and news services, field archives, Ardey publishing house Münster 2004, geb., 360 sides, ISBN 3-87023-255-2
  • Bernd Hüttner: Archives from downside. Libraries and archives of the new social movements and its existence, publishing house AGSPAK, new Ulm 2003, ISBN 3-930830-40-X, 180 sides

Web on the left of

Commons: Category: Archives - pictures, videos and/or audio files
 

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