Arequipa

of these articles treats the Peruvian city. For other meanings see Arequipa (term clarifying).

Arequipa is the capital of the sections of the same name and province in the south of Peru and represents the political, economical and cultural center of southern Peru. Arequipa lies in 2.360 m height andabout 860,000 inhabitants have. The city is controlled by the volcanos in the close environment, the 5,822 m high conical Misti, the 6,057 m high Chachani and the smaller and more distant Pichu Pichu. Far of Arequipa also the ravines of the Cotahuasi do not lieand the Colca Cañon, which applies with up to 3.000 m difference in height as the deepest world. The coast Pacific is appropriate for only 75 km air line far away and gives to the city the whole year over a mild and sunny weather. Arequipa originates from thatAymara and means as much as “acres quipay” (remain here).

Plaza de Armas
Plaza de Armas

the origin of the surname “the white city”, with which Arequipa decorates itself, does not refer probably to the white Sillar rock of volcanic origin, with which Arequipas builds many of the old historical buildings in the centerbecame probably, but on the brighter skin color the spanischstämmigen inhabitant once living in the city centre, that forbade it to the native one living in the city center.

The area frequently afflicted of violent earthquakes and on the average gives it to daily twelve earth movements. 1608, 1687, 1784, 1868, 1958 and 1960 were destroyed large parts of the city by quake. The last earthquake in the year 2001 let one of the two towers of the cathedral at the main place collapse. This was restored up to the year 2004.

The UNESCO explained the city centre from Arequipa to 2000 to the world cultural heritage.

Table of contents

history

the oldest traces of human settlement, which were found so far in the environment Arequipas, datesone on the time between 8000 v. Chr. and 6000 v. Chr. Over 400 archaeological places until today were registered, among them the cave designs are in Sumbay and Pampa Colorado.

Starting from approximately 1250 the Inkas brought the area around Arequipa under its influence, until 1537the Spanish Konquistador Diego Almagro the environment conquered and Garcí Manuel de Carbajal to 15. August 1540 the city mansion de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción del Valle Hermoso de Arequipa as Spanish residence created, later briefly Arequipa mentioned. The name of the city leads itselfpresumed of the Quechua utterance of “acres quepay” (too German: Remain!) off, which the Inka Mayta Capac is to have done with its arrival in the valley of the Rio Chili.1541 received it from the Spanish king of Carlo V. municipal rights. Starting from this time Arequipa developed to the commercial townbetween the coast and the Anden. Particularly importantly was for this also the Colca valley with the productive agriculture. In the environment mining industry was besides intensively operated, as well as wine and wool produced. With introduction of the railway, which drove starting from 1870 up to the sea port Matarani, and 1904the meaning Arequipas manufactured, rose the connection to the cities Cuzco and Puno as commercial town.

to objects of interest

cathedral

the cathedral of Arequipa is considered as singular in Peru, since it takes the entire side of the Plaza de Armas. With their building1629 were begun, their current final form received it however by the 1844 locked reconstruction after a fire. Only few years later it was again heavily damaged by the strong earthquake of 1868. The bell tower down-fallen with the earthquake of 2001 was again developed until 2004.To the end 19. Century let purchase one for the cathedral a pulpit from France and an organ from Belgium. Besides in many places marble from Italy was used. The cathedral of Arequipa is besides one of the little than 100 churches world-wide, which it permitsis, the flag Vatikan too was called.

Santa Catalina

the monastery Santa Catalina is considered as one of the most important religious buildings from the colonial age. It is appropriate for 1579auf resolution of the advice of the city near the city centre and was built, there the already existing threeMonasteries the Novizinnen not to take up could. Many of the rich Spanish families gave their second daughter for „God and heaven “to the monastery. For the monastery Santa Catalina one ummauerte short hand 20,426 m ² a large part of the city and justified thereby a self-sufficient settlement. Up to150 nuns are to have lived here together with their officials in strict examination. Every 4 years were taken up from now on 8 Novizinnen, which had to furnish a dowry from at least 1,000 gold pesos to the maintenance of the monastery. Only after a reform 1871 the monastery took also to Novizinnen withoutDowry up. Despite this first liberalisation it lasted until 1970, until the monastery on initiative of the remaining nuns was reconditioned and its secrets of the public made accessible: English carpets, Spanish silk curtains, flämische point cloths, padded chairs, Damast, fine porcelain and silver belonged to the “equipment”. Oneif a self-sufficient city found in the midst of Arequipas, in which the time 1579 stand to have remained seemed, one refrains once from the destruction by the earthquakes.

La Compañia

the Iglesia de la Compañía lies at the lower end the Plaza de Armas.She was built 1595 to 1698 for the Jesuiten and is considered as good example of the mixture of the baroque and mestizische of architectural style. The front shows various elements of the indigenen like also the Spanish-catholic culture. Only since 1950 the again restored vestry is accessible, those alsorichly with color-glad ornamentations is decorated.

museums

the Museo Santuarios Andinos accommodates one of the most important archaeological finds of South America in the last decades: In September 1995 of members of the expedition at the summit of the Ampato of volcano, led by the American archaeologist Johan pure hardfound mummy of a young Inkafrau, to which one gave the name Juanita. Since conclusion of the scientific investigations each museum visitor has entrance to the very well received mummy, which is kept frozen with all their clothes in a gläsernen showcase. Besides are also articles of clothing and added outother graves of the präkolumbischen time here issued.

further objects of interest

many of the churches became with the time important museums and libraries. Thus for example in the Iglesia y convento La Merced a valuable library and painting are kept. Also the Iglesiade San Francisco has a library of more than 20,000 volumes and a Pinakothek.

markets

of the Mercado San Camillo is one of the largest markets of the city near the center. Here one finds everything that one to the daily life at foodand other goods needs. The roof of the market was designed by the designer of the Eiffelturm, Gustave Eiffel.

sons and daughters of the city


coordinates: 16° 25 ′ 03 ′ ′ S, 71° 32 ′ 12 ′ ′ W

 

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