Arkadi Dmitrijewitsch Schwezow
Arkadi Dmitrijewitsch Schwezow (Russian АркадийДмитриевичШвецов, wiss. Transliteration Arkadij Dmitrievič Švecov; * 13. January 24. January 1892 in Nischnie Sergi with Jekaterinburg; † 19. March 1953 in Moscow) was a Soviet engine designer.
Schwezow developed 1923 together with its collective the V12 aircraft engine M-8 RAM. It turned however soon to the development of radial engines. 1925 went the 5-Zylinder radial engine M-11 into production. For the USSR the use of aluminum for the cylinder heads was new. This type, steadily further developed, was manufactured still into the 1980er years. Its employment took place also in the Polikarpow Po-2. It might be thereby one of the usually-used aircraft engines at all.
1934 became Schwezow founder and chief designer of Aviadvigatel, which co-operated closely with the Permian engine company. As well as there forwards and during the Second World War the construction of some important aircraft engines come out from foreign types, so the ASch-62 , that succeeded to it in Antonov An-2 was used the ASch-82, to which among other things into Lavochkin La-5 was built.
Schwezow received four times the state price (1942, 1943, 1946 and 1948) and with the medal hero of the socialist work was distinguished.
|NAME||Schwezow, Arkadi Dmitrijewitsch|
|ALTERNATIVE NAME||Швецов, АркадийДмитриевич|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||Soviet engine designer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||24. January 1892|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Nischnie Sergi with Jekaterinburg|
|DYING DATE||19. March 1953|