of the Arlberg is a mountain massif between Vorarlberg and Tirol. Synonymously the term stands also for a world-well-known tourism region (particularly as winter sports area) and for the traffic-technically important Arlbergpass (1793m and. NN).
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the name Arlberg is derived from the here very numerous Arlen shrubs, thus here the Latschen so mentioned. After an older excessive quantitythe name is to be derived from a Arlenburg, which is to have lain to feet of the Arlbergpasses on animal oiler side once. These popular derivatives are rather as presumptions to classify - it is many more probable that the name Arlberg is derived from the Italian term “albergo”, which too“Lodging” or in the today's linguistic usage “hotel” is called German. There on the Arlbergpass in the today's place pc. Christoph/Arlberg already since that 14. Century a lodging for distressed travelers exists (the today's Arlberg Hospiz hotel), probably is this thesis the most durable. From the name Arlberg leads itselfin the consequence also the name of the Land of the Federal Republic Vorarlberg off, which - from Swiss view seen - lies before the Arlberg.
Rooms and being enough belong to Klösterle, Zürs and course to Lech, and Pc. Christoph to pc. Anton. Some localities in the monastery valley carry the additive at the Arlberg (e.g. Forest at the Arlberg), rank however strictly speaking not among the Arlberg.
the history of the Arlbergs hangs closely with its meaning as important traffic route together (see Arlbergpass). End 19. Century made the Arlbergbahn an efficient binding for Vorarlbergs possible to the Danube monarchy. 1978 were created by the building of the Arlbergschnellstrasse and the Arlbergstrassentunnels also for the individual traffic (nearly) a winter-safe connection between Tirol and Vorarlberg. In distances of several yearsmust however even these connections with Wetterkapriolen for some hours until days become closed.
A travel by the Arlberg road tunnel costs 8.50€ (conditions: March 2006).
tourism at the Arlberg
the tourism forms the main source of income of the places at the Arlberg and their inhabitants.
today is the term Arlberg a mark for the winter sports areas, which group themselves around the Arlbergpass, in particular the skiing areas of Lech, Zürs, pc. Christoph and pc. Anton. The area is well-known for its long winter sports tradition. Already 1901 became thatSki club Arlberg based, which delivered two years later a first club running.1904 took place first general Arlberg running, 1928 first famous Arlberg Kandahar running. 1921 developed under the direction of Hannes cutter with the ski school Arlberg the first ski school in the region. 1937 becameboth in pc. Anton and in Zürs the first lift systems built. With the ski WM 2001 in pc. Anton returned the alpine ski (run) sport at the Arlberg and thus to its roots.
Today the coherent skiing areas on three mountains form approximately around Lech and Zürs(“The white ring”), the enormous arena on Gampen, cape universe, Galzig and Valluga above St.Anton and St.Christoph, which again with the Albonagebiet in rooms - one the best deep snow Spots of the alps - on the other side of the Arlbergpassstrasse is connected, as well as the Rendlgebiet south ofSt.Anton an enormous ski department with 86 lift systems, 276 km prepared runways and 180 km deep snow departures. The latters make the Arlberg one of the most well-known Freeride centers of Austria and/or. the entire alps. By the many winter sportsmen an enormous meaning came to the tourism at the Arlberg. Sobecame between 1. November 2001 and 31. October 2002 for the first time over one million overnight accomodation counted.