Arnis (city)

coat of arms map
Stadtwappen von Arnis Deutschlandkarte, Position von Arnis hervorgehoben
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Schleswig-Holstein
circle: Schleswig Flensburg
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 54° 37 ' 48 " N, 9° 55 ' 53 " O
54° 37 ' 48 " N, 9° 55 ' 53 " O
height: 2 m and. NN
surface: 0,45 km ²
inhabitants: 313 (30. June 2005)
Population density: 695 inhabitants for each km ²
postal zip code: 24399
preselection: 04642
Kfz characteristics: SL
municipality key: 01 0 59 002
address of the office administration: Office cap LN country
Reeperbahn 2
24376 Kappeln
Website: www.stadt-arnis.de
politics
Mayor: January Willi sword
situation of the city Arnis in the circle Schleswig Flensburg

Arnis (Danish: Arnæs) is with scarcely 300 inhabitants the smallest city of Germany. It is in Schleswig-Holstein on a peninsula in the Schlei (Circle Schleswig Flensburg, landscape fishing rods) and forms the office cap LN country with the municipalities Grödersby , Oersberg and Rabenkirchen Faulück.

The city proves itself on the place name sign as „bath Arnis “, for memory of an earlier public swimming pool in the place. Since 1988 can be bathed there again, a cure tax are not raised.

Table of contents

layer

Die Schleiperle an der „Dampferbrücke“ in Arnis. 1995 nach 100 Jahren in die Luft gehoben und neu auf Pfählen gegründet.
the Schleiperle at „the steamer bridge “in Arnis. 1995 after 100 years into air elevated and again on stakes based.

At present the local establishment was Arnis one already 200 years in former times by separation of the mainlanddeveloped artificial island in the Schlei, 800 meters long and 200 meters wide. To the Schwansener banks were it at that time and are it today only 220 meters, since the 60's of the 20.Jh. with a Motorfähre to happen are.This driving connection exists since 1826, although the right had been already granted in addition 1667.

Until 1796 there was no road connection after Arnis. The first dam was up-poured from the church square to the Grödersbyer bank, the material used for it became by demolition thatformer dig on the Kirchberg won. The Chausseedamm directed toward the center of the island 1866/69 were built and the area between both dams was drying-put. From the island so again the peninsula Arnis became, those today the northern landscape fishing rods heard.

The named-giving promontory („sneeze “) at „the Aar “, which limits the Arnisser Noor, lost for the 70's in the context of a new development somewhat from its characteristic form.

history

first traces of human settlement

Arnis was also originally a peninsula in the Schlei. At their Nordzipfel, the so-called Aar stone devices and flint anticipated payments became from the Jungsteinzeit (approx. 4300-2300 v. Chr.) found. The place was mentioned documentary for the first time 1472 as „Arnytze “. This name leads itselfof old-Danish air for „eagles “and the Danish næs for „nose “off and „land projection/lead therefore means, where eagles are “.

The oval collection of the today's cemetery is in the eastern half with a Trockenmauer, in which with an earth barrier fastens western.It negotiates itself around the remainders of a latemedieval castle, of, together with the Schwonsburg lying on the southern Schleiufer, which could be well supervised Schlei tightness with Arnis Sundsacker. The castle became around 1415 of king Erich ofPommern establishes, to which as a so-called „union king prevailed “up to his joggle 1439 over the three nordischen realms Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Became with a complex punctures the land connection after fishing rods the fortress with the Schlei as natural castle ditch more surelymade. Arnis became thereby the island. The fortifications were of system beginning part of a larger, in Schleimünde with the Oldenburg, in order to protect the Schlei than most important section of the east-west trade route at that time approximately of the Baltic Sea penetrating pirates. To when theseDefenses used are, are unclear.

the establishment of the place

in 17. Century was the close convenient city Kappeln the Mr. von Rumohr on property roasts subordinated. 1666 demanded Detlef of Rumohr of that about 750 inhabitantsthe Fleckens the Homagia oath, which would have it quasi body-own on an equal footing. 64 families refused giving their liberty up. They contacted the national gentleman Herzog Christian Albrecht of Gottorf, this white them as expect south of Kappeln in thatSchlei convenient, in the meantime no more than defense used island Arnis too. In the morning at the 11. May 1667 they carried locally for the duke out the Huldigungseid and thereby from the threatening body characteristic had extracted themselves.

Postkarte 1907: Blick auf das noch unbebaute Ufer im Bereich der heutigen Schleiperle, im Hintergrund der Kirchturm.
Postcard 1907: View of the still vacant bankwithin the range of the today's Schleiperle, in the background the church tower.

economics in 18. and 19. Century

the new settlers on the island Arnis operated apart from fishing particularly with increasing success trade within the range of the western Baltic Sea. Ofthe Prosperität of this time today still richly verzierte gravestones of the captain families on the Arnisser cemetery witness. The small marks Arnis had first difficulties during the continental barrier against Napoleon, when the traditional trade routes were locked. In 19. Century experienced the citylater nevertheless a modest bloom. 1860 had the place over 1000 inhabitants and 88 trading vessels. It a large mill built (into the 1970er years it was torn off, the pertinent Getreidespeicher is used today still as holidays block of flats), it enteredGildehaus and a dairy-farm. The economic fall began with the GermanDanish war. Also in Arnis the detachment of the Danish rule, in the result was desired lost one however over the separation from Denmark the areas of distribution in the Scandinavian area.The Arnisser sail fleet lost its meaning finally with the arising of the steam navigation.

municipal law

Arnis had other municipalities of Schleswig-Holstein the status of a Fleckens after 1866 like 24. To 1920 all other municipalities lost this status orbecame cities, only Arnis kept it. In the course of the 1934 under the national socialist accomplished regional reorganization the city became Arnis from marks the Arnis, which had to owe it to the obstinacy of her mayor Holstein. From the time of this mayor originatesalso the final penetration of the self-designation „bath “Arnis. Although the place never fulfilled the criteria of a health spa, this designation is still presented today with pride on the place name sign.

the post-war period

direct to end 2.World war took up the city a large number of refugees particularly from East Prussia and here particularly from the SAM country . In the years up to the end of the 40's 20. Jh. almost became each area in the smallHouses of ever a complete family inhabits. Among the refugees were some Fischer families, of which some in Arnis remained.

the today's Arnis

starting from the 60's 20. Jh. Arnis lost a great many inhabitants. Inthe late 60's the zweiklassige school of the city was closed in favor of one „village community school “in Habertwedt. Some parents sent at that time from protest their children on the Danish school still remained, which survived in this way into the 80's.

From Fischer and boat operator place a Schmuckstück of the tourism became increasing in the subsequent years. After for a while the sold Arnisser of houses of their new owners was used predominantly as holidays domiciles, settled themselves finally in the last two decades of the20. Jh. recent families on, which began locally again a new business activity referred to the Segelsport. Today has and. A. a sea chart publishing house its seat in Arnis. The shipyards still play a large role in the economic as indaily lives.

The number of inhabitants of this small city offers cause for some years to argue with the help of different number data trefflich. Also in the year 2006 could the regional newspaper, which Schleibote, in several articles on the fact to report that Arnis according to datathe residents' registration office in Kappeln in the year, according to data of the statistic national office however in the same year of only 314 inhabitants has 2005 354. According to statements of the Arnisser of mayor the data of these two number works cannot due to regulations of the data security balancedbecome. The speculation over the actual number of inhabitants of the smallest city in Germany can be continued therefore.

architecture and town development

the plant of the settlement

Lange Straße 13 – das älteste Haus
long road 13 - the oldest house
Lange Straße 19 – das erste massiv errichtete Haus – 1764
long road 19 -the first solid established house - after

1764 the Rodung of the tree existence the new settlement was put on after a strict plan. The axle center of the island was planned as road (today long road), to then the houses giebelseitig on samelarge properties to be built should. The width of properties amounted to (and amounts to today still) 10 meters, the length resulted from the respective distance to the water. Each family should receive thereby an approximately uniformly large property.


In firstYears the houses unzusammenhängend at different places established, only gradually arose that today admitted picture also closely at closely standing houses. Exceptions of this rule are this very day particularly at the ends being enough road as well aswithin the range of the local entrance from the Angelner side. At the western end, or upper end as in Arnis one says, stand briefly before the bypass to the training and parking race several houses traufständig to the road, and. A. the Pastorat.

Building of houses in Arnis

the houses 17. and 18. Jh. were half timbered houses, from which some few are present this very day (usually with later changes and reorganization interferences). The size of the first houses knows today at properties long road 13and 26 are suspected. A typical characteristic of these half timbered houses are the Utluchten, cultivations at the living room of the house beyond the actual front front to the road. The Utluchten gives it at some houses both doubly, to both sides to the Eingangstür,as also on one side, asymmetrical to the axle of the house. Behind the windows of the Utluchten the most in demand places were in the living room of the house, since one could from here on a driving on the road observe. In 17. and 18. Centurya broad course remained itself as entrance to yard and garden existing, with in late 18 beside the houses. and in 19. Jh. established houses to extremely narrow run courses urban in the character reduced.

In 19. Century sat down asType of building gradually the fully bricked house on a foundation from rock stones through (z. B.Long STR. 79). For this time the halbmondförmigen are typical, often divided Giebelfenster into 2. Upper floor, which were used as attic for camp purposes, as well as thoselarge Eingangstüren in the axle center of the houses, verzierten richly with carpenter works. Within these houses a central corridor up to the rear part led. The front areas were usually used as dwellings, the rear as marketing areas. Within the upper floor became at the mostthe part as dwelling, turned to the road, used, since there were no suitable isolating techniques for the coating of the deviations from pulse flatness in this time still. The upper projectile was therefore usually used as stock pile.

the townscape

details howin Maasholm the townscape, which had still completely survived the Second World War, in the local centre with beginning of the changes became in and the 70's 60's 20. Century badly in pulled. The half timbered houses became partial completely with a newRed clinker front converts. There also the size and proportions of the windows were changed then hardly differed the result of such a change from a building of settlements of the post-war period. By far more frequently than a Umklinkern however using new, broad windows seemed, to of themProportions fundamentally of those of the historical windows differed. In this way in these decades a large part of the houses were measure-arranged - the use of Mahagoni wood in place of that usually two-colored painted old windows did a remaining.

The widening thatIs enough road in the place of the earlier pond
Auch mit 90 Jahren ist H. Wiese als Fischer noch aktiv (2005)
also with 90 years is H. Meadow as a Fischer (2005) in the local centre

went still actively the reorganization so far that several houses completely torn off and through in material, important for the appearance, andProportions unsuitable new buildings were replaced. In the course of these changes among other things the historical restaurant boat operator house was torn off.

Tightened new Arnisser opposed, the partial ramshackle to this negative development and/or starting from the late 70's. blocked houses again their historicalDetail (and. A.Long STR. 19) returned.

The outside picture of the city has itself as (positive) consequence of the economic Niederganges in 19. and early 20. Century until keep today relatively good. Two into the settlement raster not inserted housings tonorthern end of the peninsula, which Aar disturb, are however still in the traditional settlement range established. For Arnis the very high repair-resounds to the dockyard Otto Eberhard provided at present their new building for violent debates and affects also today from fishing rodsseen oversizes. Nevertheless also this interference shifted the accents, which does not destroy settlement picture however. A destructive interference by a set of living new buildings at „the old dam “could be prevented after excited debates in the town traveller meeting end of the 60's.This change would have finally dissolved the settlement range limited to the surface of the former island. A step this way already the buildings mean along the zufahrtsstrasse from fishing rods, where since the building (1949) mansion of the house mentioned „of the coal king “Nissen (company Hania) a set of living and buildings of business developed, among other things the base at the sail port of the today's WSG (see below).

After itself the building the plant of the WSG in the Arnisser Noor, mentioned from far into the Schlei exceeding boat investors, apart from,so far to the range parallel to being enough limited the road, the autumn 2005 in Arnis a project for a new sea-bridge was discussed, which would have blown up this framework. A private group of investors had intended, pre-aged before the plant of the Arnisser of cemeteryto build a sea-bridge into the Schlei inside, over among other things to create itself a landing place for again the passenger ship travel in the upwind. This to 50% project which can be promoted from public means was supported by the mayor Jan Willi sword, howeverin November 2005 of the town traveller meeting rejected. With this project the last free entrance to the Schlei would have been blocked within the city. As alternative it is to be examined whether the historical “steamer bridge” (with the restaurant Schleiperle) can be removed. (seealso Web on the left of)

mechanisms

in the city there is today only a Danish kindergarten in the building of the former Danish school. The next pre and primary school is in Habertwedt, a local part of the neighbour municipality Grödersby, the resumingSchools in approximately 5 km removed Kappeln. Likewise in Kappeln is the next Danish school.

The boat operator church worth seeing (see below) in Arnis is an Evangelist church.

three

sail clubs, the Arnisser existing since 1907 have associations ArnisSail club registered association. (ASC) with seat and sail port in Kappeln, the water haven community Arnis registered association. (WSG) with seat at the Arnisser Noor (belonging to Grödersby) and that locally resident sail association Arnis (SVA).

The Arnisser turn and Sportverein plays today only onesmall role, looks however on a long tradition back.

culture and objects of interest

Die Schifferkirche in Arnis mit der Grabplatte einer Kapitänsfamilie
the boat operator church in Arnis with the grave plate of a captain family
Der Kirchenraum mit einem der Votivschiffe
the church room with one the Votivschiffe

Arnis have a sail port in the natural protection of the Noores,four shipyards and a Seil-Fähre over the Schlei. The city possesses a footpath along the Schleiufers, on which the peninsula in less than a half hour can be orbited. The mixture from gardens, shipyards and investors for sailing boats on thatSoutheast side offers a penetration concerning town construction of work, living and routistic use, rare in this form. The church (the framed wall still originates from the time of the building from 1669) and the plant of the cemetery on a collection are worth seeing, itselfon the remainders of a defense (S.Schwonsburg) from the time Erich von Pommern to base is. The long road trains the axle center and at the same time the largest attraction of the city, with the cut lime trees and the Fischer houses still remainedthat 18. Century. The next larger city is Kappeln.

regular meetings

in the summer take place the city celebration and the summer celebration German Red Cross, at the first Wochende in September „the bacon Regatta “, which of the Arnisser sail club, which ASC organizes,becomes.

The bacon Regatta is organized since 1920. Since the economic crisis made regular prices for the participants impossible, food donated at that time was assigned as prices. This tradition kept until today, the winner gets bacon and a memory plate, further pricesin the form by material assets are assigned.

The Regatta is today one the most important on the Schlei, which are number of of the participating boats from 15 in the year 1920 risen to more than 100, which drive into different classes.

Work on []

Economics

in Arnis gives itself it beside catering trade enterprises several industrial concerns, v.a. in the Segelsport and the navigation specialized. One of these enterprises fulfills the European Union standard as producing industrial concern (without construction industry, trade and service) with more than 20 persons employedas industrial company (nautical publication publishing house company ltd.). The purchase infrastructure dissolved nearly completely. From that formerly two baker's shops a temporarily opened sales office remained remaining. While into the 1950er years food could still in 6 business bought, reducesitself the offer today on the conditions of a small weekly market.

Are of special importance for the place with annually approximately 12,000 overnight accomodation the tourism and the boat and building of ships. With four shipyards on 300 inhabitants Arnis would be allowed to do world-wide a record markhold.

traffic

Arnis can be attained by means of the federal highway 201 from Schleswig to Kappeln or by means of the federal highway 199 from Flensburg to Kappeln. The next station is in Süderbrarup and the next airport in keel Holtenau.

To the station Süderbrarup gives it a bus connection, further bus connections exists after Schleswig, Kappeln, Flensburg and Eckernförde.

In the summer half-year over there a rope-led Motorfähre operates over the Schleienge after Schwansen.

politics

of the nine seats in the local council havethe voter community WG since the local election of 2003 four seats, the SSW has three and the SPD two.

literature/sources

a scientific processing of the Arnisser history is missing so far. Material realms representations are however in books, ofArnisser citizens on the basis gathered by archive data, newspaper articles and verbal representations of older inhabitants of this city are. (As source used literature is marked by one (Q). Some information over the time starting from the 1920er years is based in particular on verbalExcessive quantities of Arnisser citizen, on whom in the meantime some no more do not live. (S. Discussion:verbal sources)

  • sharp, Christopher: Description and history of the island and the Fleckens Arnis, Schleswig 1838.
  • German border association (Hrsg): Biography of the Schiffscapitains Peter Hansen von AmalienburgArnis in the Herzogthum Schleswig, Flensburg German border association 1989 (reproduction of the expenditure for original of 1859, Tönning).
  • Luth, walter: Arnis - small city with large past. Arnis pressure and publishing house house 1977. (Q)
  • Meadow, Liselotte: Greeting from Arnis, with reviews of the 20-century, thoseArnisser roads and houses, habits and habits. Arnis 2000. Produced and available with copy & pressure, Kappeln/Schlei. (Q)
  • Westphalen, August: Navigation and ports from Tondern to Brunsbüttel, from Hadersleben to Schleswig. An historical overview from the beginnings to today. Flensburg1971.

Web on the left of

This article was taken up to the list of the articles worth reading.
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)