Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (* 30. July 1947 in Thal with Graz, Steiermark, Austria) was an internationally well-known Filmschauspieler and Bodybuilder. Today he is the eight and thirtieth governor of California (the USA) and possesses both the Austrian and(since 1983) the US-American nationality. At present Schwarzenegger in Chatsworth, a quarter of Los Angeles lives.
it went to 2003 into the policy and won in the October of the same yearly the governor elections of the US-American Federal State California. It belongs to the republican party and standsbecause of its unyielding attitude to the death penalty mainly in Austria in the public criticism.
Table of contents
career as Bodybuilder
Arnold Schwarzenegger began its career as Bodybuilder. 1967 it became with 20Years to the up to then youngest „Mister universe “gekürt. Until 1980 it won numerous titles, among other things „the junior Mr. Europe “(1965), „Mr. World “, „Mr. University verses “(five times) and „Mr. Olympia “(seven times). It becomes totoday as a coining/shaping personality of bodybuilding admires.
1968 emigrated Schwarzenegger into the USA . Starting from 1973 it studied operating and political economy in Wisconsin apart from the occupation. Its study locked it 1980 . Into the 1970er - years developed itself Schwarzenegger a million-ability as a real estate agent.
its impressive feature helped Schwarzenegger to seize in the film business foot. Its first role was Hercules in the film Hercules in New York (1970), with which its voice in the American original had to be after-synchronized because of its strong Austrian accent. Became laterits accent to the brand name. Schwarzenegger created the break-through twelve years later with the film Conan the barbarian (1982). Its most well-known role was „the terminator “in the film of the same name of 1984, from which to 2003 two continuations appeared. Its impressing operational readiness level and maskuline radiant emittancepredestined it to the classical “hero” in the act ion cinema, which it coined/shaped lastingly.
During the German synchronisation of the predominant number of his films Thomas's THEN mountain borrowed the voice to it.
- 17. August 1907 father Gustav Schwarzenegger is born. He was by occupation a gendarme.
- 20. October 1945 Gustav Schwarzenegger marries Aurelia Jadrny in Mürzsteg, Austria.
- 17. July 1946 brother my hard Schwarzenegger is born.
- 30. July 1947 Arnold Schwarzenegger is born in Thal. It grows up in a strict parents' house. „Impacts were at the agenda. Each child in thatNeighbourhood went it in such a way. Today one would call, meant child abusing “he once. As a young person it has with its father up to its early death überworfen itself.
- 20. May 1971 its brother my hard Schwarzenegger dies with a car accident.
- 1. December 1972 died Schwarzeneggers father Gustavat an impact accumulation in Weiz.
- 1979 study conclusion as B.A. in international economics at the University OF Wisconsin - Superior.
- Since 1979 Arnold participated as international coaches of the Gewichtheber in „the Special Olympics “. Meanwhile Schwarzenegger honorary president and prominent sign of this meeting are.
- To 26. April 1986 married the convinced republicans a niece of John F. Kennedy, the lady journalist Maria Shriver.
1996 were lent to it .
1997 in Graz - Liebenau the Arnold Schwarzenegger stadium open (which was again renamed in the year 2006, there Schwarzenegger one to death condemned Afro American had not begnadigt), and Schwarzenegger got „the Leadership Award “ the Simon Wiesenthal - donation was lent. Because of a heart flap error it underwent in Aprilan operation.
In August 1998 Schwarzeneggers nut/mother Aurelia died.
political went Schwarzenegger up to its candidacy as a governor of California only occasionally into action.
1990 became Schwarzenegger of US president George H. W.Bush appointed the chairman of the national advice for Fitness and sport. 1999 it already did not exclude a political career. It is considered as moderate republicans: He is not a radical abortion opponent and no vehement proponent of the death penalty and is more rights for homosexual ones to endorse, what itselfin practice however did not prove to be true. To 7. He explained the intention to August 2003, for the office of the governor in California of standing as a candidate (jokeful already Gouvernator mentioned - a wordplay from governor and terminator).
It proved enough political instinct, in order to recognize thater im liberalen Kalifornien (in dem etwa seit langer Zeit kein republikanischer Präsidentschaftskandidat mehr die Stimmenmehrheit gewonnen hat) kein all zu scharfes Profil als Republikaner zeigen durfte, wofür er von seinen Parteifreunden teils heftig als 'Mogelkandidat' angegriffen wurde, der unter falscher Flagge segele und dieIdeas of the party betrayed.
He announced, each dollar, which the acting governor Gray Davis spends for the prevention of the logging-off to want to counter with its own dollar.
To 7. October 2003 won Schwarzenegger the choice to the governor in California also over 48% of the delivered voices. To 17. November 2003 it became as 38. Governor of the US Federal State California swears in.
Its first months in the new office were evaluated throughout as positive. Schwarzenegger understands itselfon winning also political opponents for its thing which in view of the democratic majority in the California parliament also from the front was in here necessary. As former actors white it skillfully in the public to present, its pronounced sense for humor and its family proximity draw itself inpeoplenear, sympathetic picture.
During the popular vote November 2005 over its plans for reform it suffered however a heavy defeat. The voters rejected all four projects of the republican. It concerned longer Probezeiten for teacher, stricter editions for trade unions, a reorganization of the electoral district borders and shorteningin the household budget.
Critical voices accuse to him that he did not redeem his promise to reduce the California budgetary deficit after meanwhile two years in the office yet. The efforts of political friends around one „Lex Schwarzenegger “, after the foreigners as Americans to the US president, also in-patriated, selectedwill could, the freshbaked politician commentated carefully. It is improbable that such a constitutional amendment would come still in time for it to conditions.
Into the media Schwarzenegger arrived in January 2006 also after a motorcycle accident, in which he itself a light injury in the face (within the range thatLips) tightened. During the following investigations of the accident it turned out that Schwarzenegger had no valid motorcycle driving licence (Schwarzenegger was not only in possession of an old Austrian A-driving licence however in the USA validity possesses).
In January 2006 Schwarzenegger became also from the parliament of the MexicanFederal State Baja California Sur to the unwanted person explains. The immigration policy even of the Zugewanderten is called of the Mexican politicians “racistic”.
Schwarzenegger the possibility
has opinions to the death penalty as a US governor, validly to death condemned offender on request to begnadigen. So far it hasmade of it not yet use, but all four requests for grace of death candidates rejected. Schwarzenegger expressed itself in such a way that he did not want to jump over himself over the valid judgement of a court. The death sentence to prevent would have been its task only if a judicial error had been present. That is not the case been.
Attention excited the case of Stanley „Tookie “Williams, which was condemned 1981 because of quadruple murder to death. The enforcement of its execution to 13. December 2005 preceded a request for grace rejected by Schwarzenegger. The special at this case is that Williamsfrom the death cell Kinderbücher against criminality wrote, which for it five nominating for the Nobel peace prize and four for the Literaturnobelpreis brought in. He was nominated however only by his own trailers.
The result were particularly partly infuriated reactions from all world and from Schwarzeneggers hometown Graz. Because of its attitude to the death penalty, those by the SPÖ, which the Greens and the KPÖ is commentated critically, to have the Green - politicians in Austria and the steirische KPÖ renaming the Arnold of Schwarzenegger stadium in Graz demanded. In the meantime Schwarzenegger extracted the right from its birth city, the GrazerFootball stadium further after it to designate, and forestalled so a possible resolution of the Grazer of local council. Meanwhile the signature at the stadium was removed. In the meantime the stadium “UPC arena “is called. Schwarzenegger continues to intend also to return to him 1999 lent honour ring of the city Graz. Politician thatParties ÖVP, FPÖ and BZÖ as well as representative from the tourism industry regret the development, since by it an advertising medium was misplaced. Briefly after publication of Schwarzeneggers decision wrote the Grazer mayor Siegfried Nagl an asking letter at Schwarzenegger to consider its decision and take the honour ring back, whichthis however rejected.
Clarence Ray everything, with 76 years to date oldest death candidate of California, became to 17. January 2006 in the San Quentin prison with San Francisco by the poison syringe executed. The blind and nearly deaf wheelchair user, who always protested its innocence, was 1982 because ofCausing the three-way murder condemned to death. Its request for grace was rejected - like all past at Schwarzenegger arranged -.
renewable energies and greenhouse gases
defiance of its republican party book Schwarzenegger follows only causes the political program of George W. Bush. Thus it setsitself after its choice substantial energies and the decrease of greenhouse gases in California, renewable for the promotion. He was Wegbereiter of an advancement program with the model of the German renewable energy law. At the UN-Umwelttag at the 1. June 2005 it signed an implementation regulation, according to which the greenhouse gas missions in Californiauntil 2010 to the level of the yearly 2000 and until 2020 to of 1990 to be reduced must. Until 2050 must be smaller this around 80% than 1990 - although the USA Kyoto minutes did not ratify. Federal States and cities can do however their ownMeasures meet.
- for the partial strange (political) Rhetorik Schwarzeneggers gives it in the US English to the Neologismus Terminatorism (see. ).
- Hercules in New York (1970, under the alias Arnold Strong)
- The Long Goodbye (1973)
- Happy anniversaryand goodbye (1974/TV)
- Stay Hungry (1976)
- The streets OF San Francisco (1977/TV) „DEAD elevator - Joe Schmidt, Bodybuilder “
- Pumping Iron (1977)
- The a many layman (dt.: Kaktus Jack) (1979)
- Scavenger Hunt (1979)
- The Jayne Mansfield story (1980)
- Conan the barbarian (1982)
- Conan of the destroyers (1984)
- terminator (1984)
- Talk Sonja (1985)
- phantom the command (1985)
- Raw Deal (dt.: The town center shark) (1986)
- Running one (1987)
- Predator (1987)
- talk Heat (1988)
- Twins - twins (Twins) (1988)
- totally Recall (1990)
- kindergarten copilot (1990)
- terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991)
- load Action Hero (1993)
- TrueRead (dt.: True lies) (1994)
- junior (1994)
- Eraser (1996)
- promised is promised (Jingle universe the Way) (1996)
- Batman & Robin (1997)
- end to OF Days (1999)
- Inside the Playboy Mansion (2000)
- The 6th Day (2000)
- Collateral Damage - time of the retaliation (2002)
- terminator 3:Giant OF the Machines (2003)
- Welcome ton the Jungle (2003) (Cameo appearance)
- Around the World in 80 Days (dt.: In 80 days around the world) (2004)
- The Kid & I (2006) (English film title, at present in the Nachproduktion)
- Ralf Güldenzopf: The People's Governor. The choice of Arnold Schwarzenegger to the governor of California. poli C books, Berlin, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-938456-05-1
- Hans Janitschek: Arnold of California. The steep way of the Steirerbuben Arnold Schwarzenegger. Molden publishing house, Vienna 2003, ISBN 3854851057
- Werner Kopacka and Christian Jauschowetz: Arnold very closely.With a preface by Arnold Schwarzenegger. Herbig publishing house, Munich 2003.
- Markus K. Leiner among other things: Battlegrounds of an electronic desert. Schwarzkopf, Schwarzenegger, Black Magic Johnson. Merve publishing house Berlin, 1999, ISBN 3-88396-152-3
Web on the left of
|Wikiquote: Arnold Schwarzenegger - quotations|
|Commons: Arnold Schwarzenegger - pictures, videos and/orAudio files|
| | * Literature of and over Arnold Schwarzenegger in the catalog of the DDB
- Arni and the Sozis
- Official Website: Californians for Arnold
- official Web Site of Arnold Schwarzenegger on German
- German-language Biografie and pictures
- Schwarzenegger Filmografie of on-line film data base
- Arnold Schwarzenegger in the Internet Movie DATA cousin
- Öko hero Schwarzenegger
- QRT: The figure of the hero in the age of the simulation
|ALTERNATIVE NAME||Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (full name)|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||Austrian - American actor and politician, Governor of California|
|DATE OF BIRTH||30. July 1947|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Thal with Graz, Steiermark, Austria|