Arthur Henderson

Arthur Henderson (* 13. September 1863 in Glasgow; † 20. October 1935 in London) was a British politician. It was distinguished 1934 with the Nobel peace prize “for its work as a chairman that Geneva disarmament conference and its efforts around the peace ".

Arthur Henderson

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lives and work

Arthus Henderson was the son of a cotton crank and came 1863 into Glasgow into Scotland to the world. After its school attendance in Newcastleupon Tyne he became iron caster. In its occupation it attached already early the trade union and became also regional-politically active. 1892 it became the delegated one of the trade union for Northumberland as well as town councillor in Newcastle

political development

in the year 1900 was present it with the establishment of the British labour party and took part in the consequence actively in the structure of the party. 1903 he was selected to the treasurer of the party and as a delegate of the House OF Commons, the British House of Commons of the government. From 1908 to 1911 as well as later still twice from 1914 to 1922 and 1931 to 1934 he was a chairman of the party

there Henderson at the beginning of the 1. World war both party leader and secretary of the party as well as first Minister and member of numerous central commissions of the government of Great Britain were, were decisive he he for the endorsement of the British war interference. Apart from its political movement Henderson member of the 1875 created social and interdenominational Brotherhood movement was and from 1914 to 1915 their president. From 1915 to 1917 it belonged to the cabinet of Lloyd George as an educating Minister and advisor in worker questions. 1917 it bereiste Russia and withdrew following this journey from the parliament, since the conference of peace in Stockholm was not supported by the British government.

In the year 1918 it came to a substantial restructuring within the labour party, with which Henderson and Sidney Webb tried to make so far as relative to firm union different worker organizations the existing party a uniform party with socialist profile. It formed the Londoner international one, which changed later into the socialist worker-international with the majority of the members of the labour party. A co-operation with the communist international one as well as the communist party of Great Britain he rejected however. Henderson became a chairman of this group from 1923 to 1924 and from 1925 to 1929.

In the year 1924 the labour party placed for the first time the government of Great Britain, in which Henderson was active as Ministers of the Interior under the guidance of the prime minister Ramsay MacDonald. In this function he took part to Geneva protocols on disarmament questions. In its role as ministers of foreign affairs from 1929 to 1931, following thereafter, it was involved in the Young plan conferences for the reorganization of the Reparationszahlen of the German Reich 1929 to 1930 as well as in the conference of fleet of 1930. it took up 1929 in addition for the first time again diplomatic relationship with the Soviet Union . In the year 1931 Henderson became again leaders of the labour party and pleaded after party-internal disputes for an exclusion of several party comrades, under it Ramsay MacDonald as well as the reformistic politicians Philip Snowden.

1932 to 1933 participated Henderson as a president in the international disarmament talks in Geneva , with which he played also contentwise a central role. Particularly for these it was honoured in the subsequent year 1934 with the Nobel peace prize.

literature

  • Bernhard Kupfer: Encyclopedia of the Nobelpreisträger. Duesseldorf: Patmos 2001

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