Arthur Honegger

Arthur Honegger im Sommer 1921
Arthur Honegger in the summer 1921

Arthur Honegger (* 10. March 1892 in Le Havre; † 27. November 1955 in Paris) was French - a Swiss composer. It composed about 200 works, it, beside Darius Milhaud, as a most important representativethe Groupe of the Six prove. It is shown on the 20-Franconia note.

life

Honegger is born as a son of a married couple in Le Havre, where its father is active as a coffee importer, originating from Zurich, and grows up there, however his life remains long SwissCitizen. Er erhält früh Musikunterricht, lernt das Violinspiel, komponiert schon als Jugendlicher.1909 it begins a study at the conservatoire in Zurich (violin, music theory) and sets it 1911 to Paris conservatoires away (violin, counterpoint). In the counterpoint class of André Gédalge it makes the acquaintanceof Darius Milhaud and Jacques Ibert. Starting from 1915 it studies composition (with Charles Marie Widor) and a directing (with Vincent d'Indy).

1918 it locks its study and composed its first independent work, the ballet Le Dit of the Jeux you moons, its premiereat the end of the yearly a scandal releases and to the composer public attention brings. It is one of the members of the Groupe of the Six, its music stands however for the official aesthetics of the group in a certain distance. The international break-through succeeds to it with its work Pacific 231 (1923), which musical Portrait of a steam engine - not as program music, but as aesthetic representation of Kraft and Bewegung.

In the war winter 1941/42 developed the 2. Symphony. At this time it was as a music critic and as a composition teacher in Paris, ofthe German troops besieged was active. It describes its memory as „predominantly thermal nature. It was at that time very cold, when I worked on the symphony, and there I possessed no coal and no wood, had frozen I the whole time in my studio. “ThoseSymphony is a confession work with a heavycourageous and oppressing tendency. The final set dissolves this tendency with its great choralartigen final and strikes bridges: to hope for peace as to the large (Germans) model J. S. Brook.

works (selection)

  • Szeni Oratorien:
  • Biblical drama:
    • Judith, opera (1925)
  • operas:
  • Operetten:
    • Les of aventures you Raoi of tracing oils (1930)
    • La barks de Moudon (1931)
    • Les of petites Cardinales (1938), together with Jacques Ibert
  • Ballet:
    • Vérité Mensonge (1920)
    • Skating Rink (1922)
    • Sous navy (1925)
    • rose de métal (1928)
    • Un oiseau brightly s'est envolé (1937)
  • 5 symphonies:
  • other orchestra works
    • Pastorale d'été, Sinfoni poem for small orchestra (1920)
    • Pacific 231, sinfonischer sentence No. 1 (1923)
    • Rugby, sinfonischer sentence No. 2 (1928)
    • sinfonischer sentence No. 3 (1933)
  • Works for blowing orchestra
    • Swiss federal singer fixed march (1956)
    • rock celebration (1944)
    • march of the infantry (1943)
    • Rohrbacher march
    • Salute ton the Isle OF one
    • faithful to the music (1946)
  • film music
    • Napoléon (1926/27)
    • L'Idée (1934)
    • Crime Chatiment ( 1934) et
    • Les Misérables (1934)
    • Mayerling (1936)
  • chamber music
    • Sonatine for clarinet and piano
    • 3 De
  • Noël
    • would CAN-do
      • caper quartets of choir works Kantaten Une (1953; last work)
    • of songs
  • writings
    • ever suis compositeur (German title: I am a composer), Autobiografie (1951)

Web on the left of

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